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Modular construction of modal logics
 Concurrency Theory, CONCUR 04, volume 3170 of Lect. Notes Comput. Sci
, 2004
"... Abstract. We present a modular approach to defining logics for a wide variety of statebased systems. We use coalgebras to model the behaviour of systems, and modal logics to specify behavioural properties of systems. We show that the syntax, semantics and proof systems associated to such logics can ..."
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Cited by 25 (8 self)
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Abstract. We present a modular approach to defining logics for a wide variety of statebased systems. We use coalgebras to model the behaviour of systems, and modal logics to specify behavioural properties of systems. We show that the syntax, semantics and proof systems associated to such logics can all be derived in a modular way. Moreover, we show that the logics thus obtained inherit soundness, completeness and expressiveness properties from their building blocks. We apply these techniques to derive sound, complete and expressive logics for a wide variety of probabilistic systems. 1
GSOS for Probabilistic Transition Systems
, 2002
"... We introduce PGSOS, an operator specification format for (reactive) probabilistic transition systems which bears similarity to the known GSOS format for labelled (nondeterministic) transition systems. Like the standard one, the format is well behaved in the sense that on all models bisimilarity is a ..."
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Cited by 19 (1 self)
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We introduce PGSOS, an operator specification format for (reactive) probabilistic transition systems which bears similarity to the known GSOS format for labelled (nondeterministic) transition systems. Like the standard one, the format is well behaved in the sense that on all models bisimilarity is a congruence and the uptocontext proof principle is valid. Moreover, guarded recursive equations involving the specified operators have unique solutions up to bisimilarity. These results generalize wellbehavedness results given in the literature for specific operators that turn out to be definable by our format. PGSOS arose from the following procedure: Turi and Plotkin proposed to model specifications in the (standard) GSOS format as natural transformations of a type they call abstract GSOS. This formulation allows for simple proofs of several wellbehavedness properties, such as bisimilarity being a congruence on all models of such a specification. First, we give a full proof of Turi and Plotkin's claim about the correspondence of abstract GSOS and standard GSOS for labelled transition systems. Next, we instantiate their categorical framework to yield a specification format for probabilistic transition systems. The main contribution of the present paper is the derivation of the PGSOS format as a rulestyle representation of the natural transformations obtained this way. We benefit from the fact that some parts of our argument for the nondeterministic case can be reused. The wellbehavedness results for abstract GSOS immediately carry over to the new concrete format.
SOS formats and metatheory: 20 years after
, 2007
"... In 1981 Structural Operational Semantics (SOS) was introduced as a systematic way to define operational semantics of programming languages by a set of rules of a certain shape [G.D. Plotkin, A structural approach to operational semantics, Technical ..."
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Cited by 14 (5 self)
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In 1981 Structural Operational Semantics (SOS) was introduced as a systematic way to define operational semantics of programming languages by a set of rules of a certain shape [G.D. Plotkin, A structural approach to operational semantics, Technical
Bialgebraic Methods and Modal Logic in Structural Operational Semantics
 Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science
, 2007
"... Bialgebraic semantics, invented a decade ago by Turi and Plotkin, is an approach to formal reasoning about wellbehaved structural operational semantics (SOS). An extension of algebraic and coalgebraic methods, it abstracts from concrete notions of syntax and system behaviour, thus treating various ..."
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Cited by 13 (3 self)
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Bialgebraic semantics, invented a decade ago by Turi and Plotkin, is an approach to formal reasoning about wellbehaved structural operational semantics (SOS). An extension of algebraic and coalgebraic methods, it abstracts from concrete notions of syntax and system behaviour, thus treating various kinds of operational descriptions in a uniform fashion. In this paper, bialgebraic semantics is combined with a coalgebraic approach to modal logic in a novel, general approach to proving the compositionality of process equivalences for languages defined by structural operational semantics. To prove compositionality, one provides a notion of behaviour for logical formulas, and defines an SOSlike specification of modal operators which reflects the original SOS specification of the language. This approach can be used to define SOS congruence formats as well as to prove compositionality for specific languages and equivalences. Key words: structural operational semantics, coalgebra, bialgebra, modal logic, congruence format 1
Coalgebraic semantics for timed processes
 Inf. & Comp
, 2006
"... We give a coalgebraic formulation of timed processes and their operational semantics. We model time by a monoid called a “time domain”, and we model processes by “timed transition systems”, which amount to partial monoid actions of the time domain or, equivalently, coalgebras for an “evolution comon ..."
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Cited by 8 (1 self)
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We give a coalgebraic formulation of timed processes and their operational semantics. We model time by a monoid called a “time domain”, and we model processes by “timed transition systems”, which amount to partial monoid actions of the time domain or, equivalently, coalgebras for an “evolution comonad ” generated by the time domain. All our examples of time domains satisfy a partial closure property, yielding a distributive law of a monad for total monoid actions over the evolution comonad, and hence a distributive law of the evolution comonad over a dual comonad for total monoid actions. We show that the induced coalgebras are exactly timed transition systems with delay operators. We then integrate our coalgebraic formulation of time qua timed transition systems into Turi and Plotkin’s formulation of structural operational semantics in terms of distributive laws. We combine timing with action via the more general study of the combination of two arbitrary sorts of behaviour whose operational semantics may interact. We give a modular account of the operational semantics for a combination induced by that of each of its components. Our study necessitates the investigation of products of comonads. In particular, we characterise when a monad lifts to the category of coalgebras for a product comonad, providing constructions with which one can readily calculate. Key words: time domains, timed transition systems, evolution comonads, delay operators, structural operational semantics, modularity, distributive laws 1
Bialgebraic methods in structural operational semantics
 ENTCS
, 2007
"... Bialgebraic semantics, invented a decade ago by Turi and Plotkin, is an approach to formal reasoning about wellbehaved structural operational specifications. An extension of algebraic and coalgebraic methods, it abstracts from concrete notions of syntax and system behaviour, thus treating various k ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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Bialgebraic semantics, invented a decade ago by Turi and Plotkin, is an approach to formal reasoning about wellbehaved structural operational specifications. An extension of algebraic and coalgebraic methods, it abstracts from concrete notions of syntax and system behaviour, thus treating various kinds of operational descriptions in a uniform fashion. In this talk, the current state of the art in the area of bialgebraic semantics is presented, and its prospects for the future are sketched. In particular, a combination of basic bialgebraic techniques with a categorical approach to modal logic is described, as an abstract approach to proving compositionality by decomposing modal logics over structural operational specifications. Keywords:
A bialgebraic review of regular expressions, deterministic automata and languages
 Techn. Rep. ICISR05003, Inst. for Computing and Information Sciences, Radboud Univ
, 2005
"... To Joseph Goguen on the occasion of his 65th birthday1. Abstract. This papers reviews the classical theory of deterministic automata and regular languages from a categorical perspective. The basis is formed by Rutten’s description of the Brzozowski automaton structure in a coalgebraic framework. We ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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To Joseph Goguen on the occasion of his 65th birthday1. Abstract. This papers reviews the classical theory of deterministic automata and regular languages from a categorical perspective. The basis is formed by Rutten’s description of the Brzozowski automaton structure in a coalgebraic framework. We enlarge the framework to a socalled bialgebraic one, by including algebras together with suitable distributive laws connecting the algebraic and coalgebraic structure of regular expressions and languages. This culminates in a reformulated proof via finality of Kozen’s completeness result. It yields a complete axiomatisation of observational equivalence (bisimilarity) on regular expressions. We suggest that this situation is paradigmatic for (theoretical) computer science as the study of “generated behaviour”.
GSOS for probabilistic transition systems (Extended Abstract)
, 2002
"... We introduce probabilistic GSOS, an operator specification format for (reactive) probabilistic transition systems which arises as an adaptation of the known GSOS format for labelled (nondeterministic) transition systems. Like the standard one, the format is well behaved in the sense that on all mode ..."
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Cited by 2 (1 self)
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We introduce probabilistic GSOS, an operator specification format for (reactive) probabilistic transition systems which arises as an adaptation of the known GSOS format for labelled (nondeterministic) transition systems. Like the standard one, the format is well behaved in the sense that on all models bisimilarity is a congruence and the uptocontext proof principle is valid. Moreover, every specification has a final model which can be shown to offer unique solutions for guarded recursive equations. The format covers operator specifications from the literature, so that the wellbehavedness results given for those arise as instances of our general one.