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84
Rewriting Logic as a Logical and Semantic Framework
, 1993
"... Rewriting logic [72] is proposed as a logical framework in which other logics can be represented, and as a semantic framework for the specification of languages and systems. Using concepts from the theory of general logics [70], representations of an object logic L in a framework logic F are und ..."
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Cited by 147 (52 self)
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Rewriting logic [72] is proposed as a logical framework in which other logics can be represented, and as a semantic framework for the specification of languages and systems. Using concepts from the theory of general logics [70], representations of an object logic L in a framework logic F are understood as mappings L ! F that translate one logic into the other in a conservative way. The ease with which such maps can be defined for a number of quite different logics of interest, including equational logic, Horn logic with equality, linear logic, logics with quantifiers, and any sequent calculus presentation of a logic for a very general notion of "sequent," is discussed in detail. Using the fact that rewriting logic is reflective, it is often possible to reify inside rewriting logic itself a representation map L ! RWLogic for the finitely presentable theories of L. Such a reification takes the form of a map between the abstract data types representing the finitary theories of...
ContextSensitive Rewriting Strategies
, 1997
"... Contextsensitive rewriting is a simple restriction of rewriting which is formalized by imposing fixed restrictions on replacements. Such a restriction is given on a purely syntactic basis: it is (explicitly or automatically) specified on the arguments of symbols of the signature and inductively ..."
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Cited by 43 (30 self)
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Contextsensitive rewriting is a simple restriction of rewriting which is formalized by imposing fixed restrictions on replacements. Such a restriction is given on a purely syntactic basis: it is (explicitly or automatically) specified on the arguments of symbols of the signature and inductively extended to arbitrary positions of terms built from those symbols. Termination is not only preserved but usually improved and several methods have been developed to formally prove it. In this paper, we investigate the definition, properties, and use of contextsensitive rewriting strategies, i.e., particular, fixed sequences of contextsensitive rewriting steps. We study how to define them in order to obtain efficient computations and to ensure that contextsensitive computations terminate whenever possible. We give conditions enabling the use of these strategies for rootnormalization, normalization, and infinitary normalization. We show that this theory is suitable for formalizing ...
Building Equational Proving Tools by Reflection in Rewriting Logic
 In Cafe: An IndustrialStrength Algebraic Formal Method
, 1998
"... This paper explains the design and use of two equational proving tools, namely an inductive theorem prover  to prove theorems about equational specifications with an initial algebra semantics  and a ChurchRosser checkerto check whether such specifications satisfy the ChurchRosser property. ..."
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Cited by 38 (19 self)
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This paper explains the design and use of two equational proving tools, namely an inductive theorem prover  to prove theorems about equational specifications with an initial algebra semantics  and a ChurchRosser checkerto check whether such specifications satisfy the ChurchRosser property. These tools can be used to prove properties of ordersorted equational specifications in Cafe [11] and of membership equational logic specifications in Maude [7, 6]. The tools have been written entirely in Maude and are in fact executable specifications in rewriting logic of the formal inference systems that they implement.
An ImplementationOriented Semantics for Module Composition
, 1997
"... This paper describes an approach to module composition by executing "module expressions" to build systems out of component modules; the paper also gives a novel semantics intended to aid implementers. The semantics is based on set theoretic notions of tuple set, partial signature, and institution, t ..."
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Cited by 32 (14 self)
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This paper describes an approach to module composition by executing "module expressions" to build systems out of component modules; the paper also gives a novel semantics intended to aid implementers. The semantics is based on set theoretic notions of tuple set, partial signature, and institution, thus avoiding more difficult mathematics theory. Language features include information hiding, both vertical and horizontal composition, and views for binding modules to interfaces. Vertical composition refers to the hierarchical structuring of a system into layers, while horizontal composition refers to the structure of a given layer. Modules may involve information hiding, and views may involve behavioral satisfaction of a theory by a module. Several "Laws of Software Composition" are given, which show how the various module composition operations relate. Taken together, this gives foundations for an algebraic approach to software engineering. 1.1 Introduction The approach to module compos...
Creol: A typesafe objectoriented model for distributed concurrent systems
 THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2006
"... Objectoriented distributed computing is becoming increasingly important for critical infrastructure in society. In standard objectoriented models, objects synchronize on method calls. These models may be criticized in the distributed setting for their tight coupling of communication and synchroniz ..."
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Cited by 29 (13 self)
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Objectoriented distributed computing is becoming increasingly important for critical infrastructure in society. In standard objectoriented models, objects synchronize on method calls. These models may be criticized in the distributed setting for their tight coupling of communication and synchronization; network delays and instabilities may locally result in much waiting and even deadlock. The Creol model targets distributed objects by a looser coupling of method calls and synchronization. Asynchronous method calls and highlevel local control structures allow local computation to adapt to network instability. Object variables are typed by interfaces, so communication with remote objects is independent from their implementation. The inheritance and subtyping relations are distinct in Creol. Interfaces form a subtype hierarchy, whereas multiple inheritance is used for code reuse at the class level. This paper presents the Creol syntax, operational semantics, and type system. It is shown that runtime type errors do not occur for welltyped programs.
Rewritingbased Techniques for Runtime Verification
"... Techniques for efficiently evaluating future time Linear Temporal Logic (abbreviated LTL) formulae on finite execution traces are presented. While the standard models of LTL are infinite traces, finite traces appear naturally when testing and/or monitoring real applications that only run for limi ..."
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Cited by 29 (1 self)
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Techniques for efficiently evaluating future time Linear Temporal Logic (abbreviated LTL) formulae on finite execution traces are presented. While the standard models of LTL are infinite traces, finite traces appear naturally when testing and/or monitoring real applications that only run for limited time periods. A finite trace variant of LTL is formally defined, together with an immediate executable semantics which turns out to be quite inefficient if used directly, via rewriting, as a monitoring procedure. Then three algorithms are investigated. First, a simple synthesis algorithm for monitors based on dynamic programming is presented; despite the e# ciency of the generated monitors, they unfortunately need to analyze the trace backwards, thus making them unusable in most practical situations. To circumvent this problem, two rewritingbased practical algorithms are further investigated, one using rewriting directly as a means for online monitoring, and the other using rewriting to generate automatalike monitors, called binary transition tree finite state machines (and abbreviated BTTFSMs). Both rewriting algorithms are implemented in Maude, an executable specification language based on a very e#cient implementation of term rewriting. The first rewriting algorithm essentially consists of a set of equations establishing an executable semantics of LTL, using a simple formula transforming approach. This algorithm is further improved to build automata onthefly via caching and reuse of rewrites (called memoization), resulting in a very e#cient and small Maude program that can be used to monitor program executions. The second rewriting algorithm builds on the first one and synthesizes provably minimal BTTFSMs from LTL formulae, which can then be used to a...
Essential language support for generic programming
 In PLDI ’05
, 2005
"... “Concepts ” are an essential language feature needed to support generic programming in the large. Concepts allow for succinct expression of bounds on type parameters of generic algorithms, enable systematic organization of problem domain abstractions, and make generic algorithms easier to use. In th ..."
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Cited by 26 (4 self)
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“Concepts ” are an essential language feature needed to support generic programming in the large. Concepts allow for succinct expression of bounds on type parameters of generic algorithms, enable systematic organization of problem domain abstractions, and make generic algorithms easier to use. In this paper we formalize the design of a type system and semantics for concepts that is suitable for nontypeinferencing languages. Our design shares much in common with the type classes of Haskell, though our primary influence is from best practices in the C ++ community, where concepts are used to document type requirements for templates in generic libraries. The technical development in this paper defines an extension to System F and a typedirected translation from the extension back to System F. The translation is proved sound; the proof is written in the human readable but machine checkable Isar language and has been automatically verified by the Isabelle proof assistant. This document was generated directly from the Isar theory files using Isabelle’s support for literate proofs.
A Survey of Rewriting Strategies in Program Transformation Systems
 In Workshop on Reduction Strategies in Rewriting and Programming (WRS’01), volume 57 of Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science
, 2001
"... Program transformation is used in a wide range of applications including compiler construction, optimization, program synthesis, refactoring, software renovation, and reverse engineering. Complex program transformations are achieved through a number of consecutive modifications of a program. Transfo ..."
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Cited by 24 (1 self)
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Program transformation is used in a wide range of applications including compiler construction, optimization, program synthesis, refactoring, software renovation, and reverse engineering. Complex program transformations are achieved through a number of consecutive modifications of a program. Transformation rules define basic modifications. A transformation strategy is an algorithm for choosing a path in the rewrite relation induced by a set of rules. This paper surveys the support for the definition of strategies in program transformation systems. After a discussion of kinds of program transformation and choices in program representation, the basic elements of a strategy system are discussed and the choices in the design of a strategy language are considered. Several styles of strategy systems as provided in existing languages are then analyzed.
The Amsterdam Manifesto on OCL
, 1999
"... In November 1998 the authors participated in a twoday workshop on the ..."
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Cited by 23 (3 self)
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In November 1998 the authors participated in a twoday workshop on the
Termination of Rewriting with Strategy Annotations
 Proc. of 8th International Conference on Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning, LPAR'01, LNAI 2250:669684
, 2001
"... We investigate termination of rewriting computations guided by strategy annotations. We show that proofs of termination can be obtained by proving (innermost) termination of contextsensitive rewriting (CSR). Hence, we investigate how to prove innermost termination of CSR using existing methods ..."
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Cited by 21 (16 self)
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We investigate termination of rewriting computations guided by strategy annotations. We show that proofs of termination can be obtained by proving (innermost) termination of contextsensitive rewriting (CSR). Hence, we investigate how to prove innermost termination of CSR using existing methods for proving termination of CSR.