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55
Combinatorial Geometry
, 1995
"... Abstract. Let P be a set of n points in ~d (where d is a small fixed positive integer), and let F be a collection of subsets of ~d, each of which is defined by a constant number of bounded degree polynomial inequalities. We consider the following Frange searching problem: Given P, build a data stru ..."
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Cited by 164 (26 self)
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Abstract. Let P be a set of n points in ~d (where d is a small fixed positive integer), and let F be a collection of subsets of ~d, each of which is defined by a constant number of bounded degree polynomial inequalities. We consider the following Frange searching problem: Given P, build a data structure for efficient answering of queries of the form, "Given a 7 ~ F, count (or report) the points of P lying in 7." Generalizing the simplex range searching techniques, we give a solution with nearly linear space and preprocessing time and with O(n 1 x/b+~) query time, where d < b < 2d 3 and ~> 0 is an arbitrarily small constant. The acutal value of b is related to the problem of partitioning arrangements of algebraic surfaces into cells with a constant description complexity. We present some of the applications of Frange searching problem, including improved ray shooting among triangles in ~3 1.
RAY SHOOTING AND PARAMETRIC SEARCH
, 1993
"... Efficient algorithms for the ray shooting problem are presented: Given a collection F of objects in d, build a data structure so that, for a query ray, the first object of F hit by the ray can be quickly determined. Using the parametric search technique, this problem is reduced to the segment emptin ..."
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Cited by 127 (25 self)
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Efficient algorithms for the ray shooting problem are presented: Given a collection F of objects in d, build a data structure so that, for a query ray, the first object of F hit by the ray can be quickly determined. Using the parametric search technique, this problem is reduced to the segment emptiness problem. For various ray shooting problems, space/querytime tradeoffs of the following type are achieved: For some integer b and a parameter m (n _< m < n b) the queries are answered in time O((n/m /b) log <) n), with O(m!+) space and preprocessing time (t> 0 is arbitrarily small but fixed constant), b Ld/2J is obtained for ray shooting in a convex dpolytope defined as an intersection of n half spaces, b d for an arrangement of n hyperplanes in d, and b 3 for an arrangement of n half planes in 3. This approach also yields fast procedures for finding the first k objects hit by a query ray, for searching nearest and farthest neighbors, and for the hidden surface removal. All the data structures can be maintained dynamically in amortized time O (m + / n) per insert/delete operation.
Efficient algorithms for geometric optimization
 ACM Comput. Surv
, 1998
"... We review the recent progress in the design of efficient algorithms for various problems in geometric optimization. We present several techniques used to attack these problems, such as parametric searching, geometric alternatives to parametric searching, pruneandsearch techniques for linear progra ..."
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Cited by 94 (12 self)
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We review the recent progress in the design of efficient algorithms for various problems in geometric optimization. We present several techniques used to attack these problems, such as parametric searching, geometric alternatives to parametric searching, pruneandsearch techniques for linear programming and related problems, and LPtype problems and their efficient solution. We then describe a variety of applications of these and other techniques to numerous problems in geometric optimization, including facility location, proximity problems, statistical estimators and metrology, placement and intersection of polygons and polyhedra, and ray shooting and other querytype problems.
On Range Searching with Semialgebraic Sets
 DISCRETE COMPUT. GEOM
, 1994
"... Let P be a set of n points in R d (where d is a small fixed positive integer), and let \Gamma be a collection of subsets of R d , each of which is defined by a constant number of bounded degree polynomials. We consider the following \Gammarange searching problem: Given P , build a data structur ..."
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Cited by 80 (22 self)
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Let P be a set of n points in R d (where d is a small fixed positive integer), and let \Gamma be a collection of subsets of R d , each of which is defined by a constant number of bounded degree polynomials. We consider the following \Gammarange searching problem: Given P , build a data structure for efficient answering of queries of the form `Given a fl 2 \Gamma, count (or report) the points of P lying in fl'. Generalizing the simplex range searching techniques, we give a solution with nearly linear space and preprocessing time and with O(n 1\Gamma1=b+ffi ) query time, where d b 2d \Gamma 3 and ffi ? 0 is an arbitrarily small constant. The actual value of b is related to the problem of partitioning arrangements of algebraic surfaces into constantcomplexity cells. We present some of the applications of \Gammarange searching problem, including improved ray shooting among triangles in R³.
Arrangements and Their Applications
 Handbook of Computational Geometry
, 1998
"... The arrangement of a finite collection of geometric objects is the decomposition of the space into connected cells induced by them. We survey combinatorial and algorithmic properties of arrangements of arcs in the plane and of surface patches in higher dimensions. We present many applications of arr ..."
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Cited by 78 (22 self)
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The arrangement of a finite collection of geometric objects is the decomposition of the space into connected cells induced by them. We survey combinatorial and algorithmic properties of arrangements of arcs in the plane and of surface patches in higher dimensions. We present many applications of arrangements to problems in motion planning, visualization, range searching, molecular modeling, and geometric optimization. Some results involving planar arrangements of arcs have been presented in a companion chapter in this book, and are extended in this chapter to higher dimensions. Work by P.A. was supported by Army Research Office MURI grant DAAH049610013, by a Sloan fellowship, by an NYI award, and by a grant from the U.S.Israeli Binational Science Foundation. Work by M.S. was supported by NSF Grants CCR9122103 and CCR9311127, by a MaxPlanck Research Award, and by grants from the U.S.Israeli Binational Science Foundation, the Israel Science Fund administered by the Israeli Ac...
Range Searching
, 1996
"... Range searching is one of the central problems in computational geometry, because it arises in many applications and a wide variety of geometric problems can be formulated as a rangesearching problem. A typical rangesearching problem has the following form. Let S be a set of n points in R d , an ..."
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Cited by 70 (1 self)
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Range searching is one of the central problems in computational geometry, because it arises in many applications and a wide variety of geometric problems can be formulated as a rangesearching problem. A typical rangesearching problem has the following form. Let S be a set of n points in R d , and let R be a family of subsets; elements of R are called ranges . We wish to preprocess S into a data structure so that for a query range R, the points in S " R can be reported or counted efficiently. Typical examples of ranges include rectangles, halfspaces, simplices, and balls. If we are only interested in answering a single query, it can be done in linear time, using linear space, by simply checking for each point p 2 S whether p lies in the query range.
Fast Computation of Shadow Boundaries Using Spatial Coherence and Backprojections
, 1994
"... This paper describes a fast, practical algorithm to compute the shadow boundariesin a polyhedral scene illuminated by a polygonal light source. The shadow boundaries divide the faces of the scene into regions such that the structure or "aspect" of the visible area of the light source is constant wit ..."
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Cited by 69 (5 self)
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This paper describes a fast, practical algorithm to compute the shadow boundariesin a polyhedral scene illuminated by a polygonal light source. The shadow boundaries divide the faces of the scene into regions such that the structure or "aspect" of the visible area of the light source is constant within each region. The paper also describes a fast, practical algorithm to compute the structure of the visible light source in each region. Both algorithms exploit spatial coherence and are the most efficient yet developed. Given the structure of the visible light source in a region, queries of the form "What specific areas of the light source are visible?" can be answered almost instantly from any point in the region. This speeds up by several orders of magnitude the accurate computation of first level diffuse reflections due to an area light source. Furthermore, the shadow boundaries form a good initial decomposition of the scene for global illumination computations. CR category: I.3.7 [Co...
Computing the Antipenumbra of an Area Light Source
 Computer Graphics
, 1992
"... We define the antiumbra and the antipenumbra of aconvex area light source shining through a sequence of convex areal holes in three dimensions. The antiumbra is the volume from which all points on the light source can be seen. The antipenumbra is the volume from which some, but not all, of the light ..."
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Cited by 69 (0 self)
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We define the antiumbra and the antipenumbra of aconvex area light source shining through a sequence of convex areal holes in three dimensions. The antiumbra is the volume from which all points on the light source can be seen. The antipenumbra is the volume from which some, but not all, of the light source can be seen. We show that the antipenumbra is, in general, a disconnected set bounded by portions of quadric surfaces, and describe an implemented O(n 2 ) time algorithm that computes this boundary, where n is the total number of edges comprising the light source and holes. The antipenumbra computation is motivated by a visibility scheme in which we wish to determine the volume visible to an observer looking through a sequenceof transparent convex holes, or portals, connecting adjacent cells in a spatial subdivision. Knowledge of the antipenumbra should also prove useful for rendering shadowed objects. Finally, we have extended the algorithm to compute the planar and quadratic su...
Polyhedral Geometry and the TwoPlane Parameterization
 In Rendering Techniques ’97 (Proceedings of Eurographics Rendering Workshop
, 1997
"... Recently the lightfield and lumigraph systems have been proposed as general methods of representing the visual information present in a scene. These methods represent this information as a 4D function of light over the domain of directed lines. These systems use the intersection points of the lines ..."
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Cited by 29 (3 self)
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Recently the lightfield and lumigraph systems have been proposed as general methods of representing the visual information present in a scene. These methods represent this information as a 4D function of light over the domain of directed lines. These systems use the intersection points of the lines on two planes to parameterize the lines in space. This paper explores the structure of the twoplane parameterization in detail. In particular we analyze the association between the geometry of the scene and subsets of the 4D data. The answers to these questions are essential to understanding the relationship between a lumigraph, and the geometry that it attempts to represent. This knowledge is potentially important for a variety of applications such as extracting shape from lumigraph data, and lumigraph compression. 1 Introduction Recently the lightfield and lumigraph systems have been proposed as general methods of representing the visual information present in a scene [7, 9]. These met...
Exact FromRegion Visibility Culling
, 2002
"... To preprocess a scene for the purpose of visibility culling during walkthroughs it is necessary to solve visibility from all the elements of a finite partition of viewpoint space. Many conservative and approximate solutions have been developed that solve for visibility rapidly. The idealised exac ..."
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Cited by 28 (1 self)
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To preprocess a scene for the purpose of visibility culling during walkthroughs it is necessary to solve visibility from all the elements of a finite partition of viewpoint space. Many conservative and approximate solutions have been developed that solve for visibility rapidly. The idealised exact solution for general 3D scenes has often been regarded as computationally intractable. Our exact algorithm for finding the visible polygons in a scene from a region is a computationally tractable preprocess that can handle scenes of the order of millions of polygons. The essence