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N/VLIMIT FOR STOCHASTIC DYNAMICS IN CONTINUOUS PARTICLE SYSTEMS
, 2005
"... Abstract. We provide an N/Vlimit for the infinite particle, infinite volume stochastic dynamics associated with Gibbs states in continuous particle systems on R d, d ≥ 1. Starting point is an Nparticle stochastic dynamic with singular interaction and reflecting boundary condition in a subset Λ ⊂ R ..."
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Abstract. We provide an N/Vlimit for the infinite particle, infinite volume stochastic dynamics associated with Gibbs states in continuous particle systems on R d, d ≥ 1. Starting point is an Nparticle stochastic dynamic with singular interaction and reflecting boundary condition in a subset Λ ⊂ R d with finite volume (Lebesgue measure) V = Λ  < ∞. The aim is to approximate the infinite particle, infinite volume stochastic dynamic by the above Nparticle dynamic in Λ as N → ∞ and V → ∞ such that N/V → ρ, where ρ is the particle density. First we derive an improved Ruelle bound for the canonical correlation functions under an appropriate relation between N and V. Then tightness is shown by using the Lyons–Zheng decomposition. The equilibrium measures of the accumulation points are identified as infinite volume canonical Gibbs measures by an integration by parts formula and the accumulation points themselves are identified as infinite particle, infinite volume stochastic dynamics via the associated martingale problem. Assuming a property closely related to Markov uniqueness and weaker than essential selfadjointness, via Mosco convergence techniques we can identify the accumulation points as Markov processes and show uniqueness. I.e., all accumulation corresponding to one invariant canonical Gibbs measure coincide. The proofs work for general repulsive interaction potentials φ of Ruelle type and all temperatures, densities, and dimensions d ≥ 1, respectively. φ may have a nontrivial negative part and infinite range as e.g. the Lennard–Jones potential. Additionally, our result provides as a byproduct an approximation of grand canonical Gibbs measures by finite volume canonical Gibbs measures with empty boundary condition. 1.