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Inductively Generated Formal Topologies
"... Formal topology aims at developing general topology in intuitionistic and predicative mathematics. Many classical results of general topology have been already brought into the realm of constructive mathematics by using formal topology and also new light on basic topological notions was gained w ..."
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Cited by 31 (6 self)
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Formal topology aims at developing general topology in intuitionistic and predicative mathematics. Many classical results of general topology have been already brought into the realm of constructive mathematics by using formal topology and also new light on basic topological notions was gained with this approach which allows distinction which are not sensible in classical topology. Here we give a systematic exposition of one of the main tools in formal topology: inductive generation. In fact, many formal topologies can be presented in a predicative way by an inductive generation and thus their properties can be proved inductively. We show however that some natural complete Heyting algebra cannot be inductively defined. Contents 1 The notion of formal topology 3 1.1 Concrete topological spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.2 Formal topologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 Three problems and their solution 7 2.1 Formal topologies wi...
Continuity on the real line and in formal spaces
 From Sets and Types to Topology and Analysis: Towards Practicable Foundations of Constructive Mathematics, Oxford Logic Guides
, 2005
"... As is wellknown, Brouwer introduced his axioms for intuitionism in order to regain central results about continuity. A notable example is the classical ..."
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Cited by 9 (7 self)
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As is wellknown, Brouwer introduced his axioms for intuitionism in order to regain central results about continuity. A notable example is the classical
A Constructive Proof of the HeineBorel Covering Theorem for Formal Reals
, 1996
"... The continuum is here presented as a formal space by means of a finitary inductive definition. In this setting a constructive proof of the HeineBorel covering theorem is given. 1 Introduction It is well known that the usual classical proofs of the HeineBorel covering theorem are not acceptable fr ..."
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Cited by 9 (4 self)
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The continuum is here presented as a formal space by means of a finitary inductive definition. In this setting a constructive proof of the HeineBorel covering theorem is given. 1 Introduction It is well known that the usual classical proofs of the HeineBorel covering theorem are not acceptable from a constructive point of view (cf. [vS, F]). An intuitionistic alternative proof that relies on the fan theorem was given by Brouwer (cf. [B, H]). In view of the relevance of constructive mathematics for computer science, relying on the connection between constructive proofs and computations, it is natural to look for a completely constructive proof of the theorem in its most general form, namely for intervals with realvalued endpoints. By using formal topology the continuum, as well as the closed intervals of the real line, can be defined by means of finitary inductive definitions. This approach allows a proof of the HeineBorel theorem that, besides being constructive, can also be compl...
Constructive algebraic integration theory without choice. Dagstuhl proceedings
 Mathematics, Algorithms, Proofs, number 05021 in Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings. Internationales Begegnungs und Forschungszentrum (IBFI), Schloss Dagstuhl
, 2005
"... Abstract. We present a constructive algebraic integration theory. The theory is constructive in the sense of Bishop, however we avoid the axiom of countable, or dependent, choice. Thus our results can be interpreted in any topos. Since we avoid impredicative methods the results may also be interpret ..."
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Cited by 9 (5 self)
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Abstract. We present a constructive algebraic integration theory. The theory is constructive in the sense of Bishop, however we avoid the axiom of countable, or dependent, choice. Thus our results can be interpreted in any topos. Since we avoid impredicative methods the results may also be interpreted in MartinL type theory or in a predicative topos in the sense of Moerdijk and Palmgren. We outline how to develop most of Bishop’s theorems on integration theory that do not mention points explicitly. Coquand’s constructive version of the Stone representation theorem is an important tool in this process. It is also used to give a new proof of Bishop’s spectral theorem.
A Topos for Algebraic Quantum Theory
 COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
, 2009
"... The aim of this paper is to relate algebraic quantum mechanics to topos theory, so as to construct new foundations for quantum logic and quantum spaces. Motivated by Bohr’s idea that the empirical content of quantum physics is accessible only through classical physics, we show how a noncommutative C ..."
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Cited by 9 (1 self)
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The aim of this paper is to relate algebraic quantum mechanics to topos theory, so as to construct new foundations for quantum logic and quantum spaces. Motivated by Bohr’s idea that the empirical content of quantum physics is accessible only through classical physics, we show how a noncommutative C*algebra of observables A induces a topos T (A) in which the amalgamation of all of its commutative subalgebras comprises a single commutative C*algebra A. According to the constructive Gelfand duality theorem of Banaschewski and Mulvey, the latter has an internal spectrum �(A) in T (A), which in our approach plays the role of the quantum phase space of the system. Thus we associate a locale (which is the topostheoretical notion of a space and which intrinsically carries the intuitionistic logical structure of a Heyting algebra) to a C*algebra (which is the noncommutative notion of a space). In this setting, states on A become probability measures (more precisely, valuations) on �, and selfadjoint elements of A define continuous functions (more precisely, locale maps) from � to Scott’s interval domain. Noting that open subsets of �(A) correspond to propositions about the system, the pairing map that assigns a (generalized) truth value to a state and a proposition assumes an extremely simple categorical form. Formulated in this way, the quantum theory defined by A is essentially turned into a classical theory, internal to the topos T (A). These results were inspired by the topostheoretic approach to quantum physics proposed by Butterfield and Isham, as recently generalized by Döring and Isham.
A Pointfree approach to Constructive Analysis in Type Theory
, 1997
"... The first paper in this thesis presents a machine checked formalisation, in MartinLöf's type theory, of pointfree topology with applications to domain theory. In the other papers pointfree topology is used in an approach to constructive analysis. The continuum is defined as a formal space from a ba ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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The first paper in this thesis presents a machine checked formalisation, in MartinLöf's type theory, of pointfree topology with applications to domain theory. In the other papers pointfree topology is used in an approach to constructive analysis. The continuum is defined as a formal space from a base of rational intervals. Then the closed rational interval [a, b] is defined as a formal space, in terms of the continuum, and the HeineBorel covering theorem is proved constructively. The basic definitions for a pointfree approach to functional analysis are given in such a way that the linear functionals from a seminormed linear space to the reals are points of a particular formal space, and in this setting the Alaoglu and the HahnBanach theorems are proved in an entirely constructive way. The proofs have been carried out in intensional MartinLöf type theory with one universe and finitary inductive definitions, and the proofs have also been mechanically checked in an implementation of that system. ...
ICategories as a framework for solving domain equations
, 1993
"... An abstract notion of category of information systems or Icategory is introduced as a generalisation of Scott's wellknown category of information systems. As in the theory of partial orders, Icategories can be complete or !algebraic, and it is shown that !algebraic Icategories can be obtained ..."
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Cited by 6 (1 self)
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An abstract notion of category of information systems or Icategory is introduced as a generalisation of Scott's wellknown category of information systems. As in the theory of partial orders, Icategories can be complete or !algebraic, and it is shown that !algebraic Icategories can be obtained from a certain completion of countable Icategories. The proposed axioms for a complete Icategory introduce a global partial order on the morphisms of the category, making them a cpo. An initial algebra theorem for a class of functors continuous on the cpo of morphisms is proved, thus giving canonical solution of domain equations; an effective version of these results for !algebraic Icategories is also provided. Some basic examples of Icategories representing the categories of sets, Boolean algebras, Scott domains and continuous Scott domains are constructed. 1 Introduction A distinctive feature of information systems representing Scott domains, as expressed in [Sco82, LW84], is that th...
Forcing in Proof Theory
 BULL SYMB LOGIC
, 2004
"... Paul Cohen's method of forcing, together with Saul Kripke's related semantics for modal and intuitionistic logic, has had profound effects on a number of branches of mathematical logic, from set theory and model theory to constructive and categorical logic. Here, I argue that forcing also has a pla ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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Paul Cohen's method of forcing, together with Saul Kripke's related semantics for modal and intuitionistic logic, has had profound effects on a number of branches of mathematical logic, from set theory and model theory to constructive and categorical logic. Here, I argue that forcing also has a place in traditional Hilbertstyle proof theory, where the goal is to formalize portions of ordinary mathematics in restricted axiomatic theories, and study those theories in constructive or syntactic terms. I will discuss the aspects of forcing that are useful in this respect, and some sample applications. The latter include ways of obtaining conservation results for classical and intuitionistic theories, interpreting classical theories in constructive ones, and constructivizing modeltheoretic arguments.
Information Categories
 Applied Categorical Structures
, 1991
"... \Information systems" have been introduced by Dana Scott as a convenient means of presenting a certain class of domains of computation, usually known as Scott domains. Essentially the same idea has been developed, if less systematically, by various authors in connection with other classes of dom ..."
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Cited by 3 (3 self)
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\Information systems" have been introduced by Dana Scott as a convenient means of presenting a certain class of domains of computation, usually known as Scott domains. Essentially the same idea has been developed, if less systematically, by various authors in connection with other classes of domains. In previous work, the present authors introduced the notion of an Icategory as an abstraction and enhancement of this idea, with emphasis on the solution of domain equations of the form D = F (D), with F a functor. An important feature of the work is that we are not conned to domains of computation as usually understood; other classes of spaces, more familiar to mathematicians in general, become also accessible. Here we present the idea in terms of what we call information categories, which are concrete Icategories in which the objects are structured sets of \tokens" and morphisms are relations between tokens. This is more in the spirit of information system work, and...