Results 1  10
of
251
Coordination of Groups of Mobile Autonomous Agents Using Nearest Neighbor Rules
, 2002
"... In a recent Physical Review Letters paper, Vicsek et. al. propose a simple but compelling discretetime model of n autonomous agents fi.e., points or particlesg all moving in the plane with the same speed but with dierent headings. Each agent's heading is updated using a local rule based on ..."
Abstract

Cited by 985 (52 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
In a recent Physical Review Letters paper, Vicsek et. al. propose a simple but compelling discretetime model of n autonomous agents fi.e., points or particlesg all moving in the plane with the same speed but with dierent headings. Each agent's heading is updated using a local rule based on the average of its own heading plus the headings of its \neighbors." In their paper, Vicsek et. al. provide simulation results which demonstrate that the nearest neighbor rule they are studying can cause all agents to eventually move in the same direction despite the absence of centralized coordination and despite the fact that each agent's set of nearest neighbors change with time as the system evolves. This paper provides a theoretical explanation for this observed behavior. In addition, convergence results are derived for several other similarly inspired models.
Flocking for MultiAgent Dynamic Systems: Algorithms and Theory
, 2006
"... In this paper, we present a theoretical framework for design and analysis of distributed flocking algorithms. Two cases of flocking in freespace and presence of multiple obstacles are considered. We present three flocking algorithms: two for freeflocking and one for constrained flocking. A compre ..."
Abstract

Cited by 323 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
In this paper, we present a theoretical framework for design and analysis of distributed flocking algorithms. Two cases of flocking in freespace and presence of multiple obstacles are considered. We present three flocking algorithms: two for freeflocking and one for constrained flocking. A comprehensive analysis of the first two algorithms is provided. We demonstrate the first algorithm embodies all three rules of Reynolds. This is a formal approach to extraction of interaction rules that lead to the emergence of collective behavior. We show that the first algorithm generically leads to regular fragmentation, whereas the second and third algorithms both lead to flocking. A systematic method is provided for construction of cost functions (or collective potentials) for flocking. These collective potentials penalize deviation from a class of latticeshape objects called αlattices. We use a multispecies framework for construction of collective potentials that consist of flockmembers, or αagents, and virtual agents associated with αagents called β and γagents. We show that migration of flocks can be performed using a peertopeer network of agents, i.e. “flocks need no leaders.” A “universal” definition of flocking for particle systems with similarities to Lyapunov stability is given. Several simulation results are provided that demonstrate performing 2D and 3D flocking, split/rejoin maneuver, and squeezing maneuver for hundreds of agents using the proposed algorithms.
Cooperative control of mobile sensor networks: Adaptive gradient climbing in a distributed environment
 IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
, 2004
"... Abstract—We present a stable control strategy for groups of vehicles to move and reconfigure cooperatively in response to a sensed, distributed environment. Each vehicle in the group serves as a mobile sensor and the vehicle network as a mobile and reconfigurable sensor array. Our control strategy d ..."
Abstract

Cited by 239 (19 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract—We present a stable control strategy for groups of vehicles to move and reconfigure cooperatively in response to a sensed, distributed environment. Each vehicle in the group serves as a mobile sensor and the vehicle network as a mobile and reconfigurable sensor array. Our control strategy decouples, in part, the cooperative management of the network formation from the network maneuvers. The underlying coordination framework uses virtual bodies and artificial potentials. We focus on gradient climbing missions in which the mobile sensor network seeks out local maxima or minima in the environmental field. The network can adapt its configuration in response to the sensed environment in order to optimize its gradient climb. Index Terms—Adaptive systems, cooperative control, gradient methods, mobile robots, multiagent systems, sensor networks. I.
Stability analysis of swarms
 IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
, 2003
"... Abstract — In this brief article we specify an “individualbased ” continuous time model for swarm aggregation in ndimensional space and study its stability properties. We show that the individuals (autonomous agents or biological creatures) will form a cohesive swarm in a finite time. Moreover, we ..."
Abstract

Cited by 170 (9 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract — In this brief article we specify an “individualbased ” continuous time model for swarm aggregation in ndimensional space and study its stability properties. We show that the individuals (autonomous agents or biological creatures) will form a cohesive swarm in a finite time. Moreover, we obtain an explicit bound on the swarm size, which depends only on the parameters of the swarm model. I.
Local control strategies for groups of mobile autonomous agents
 IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
, 2004
"... Abstract — The problem is studied of achieving a specified formation among a group of mobile autonomous agents by distributed control. If convergence to a point is feasible, then more general formations are achievable too, so the focus is on convergence to a point (the agreement problem). Three form ..."
Abstract

Cited by 164 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract — The problem is studied of achieving a specified formation among a group of mobile autonomous agents by distributed control. If convergence to a point is feasible, then more general formations are achievable too, so the focus is on convergence to a point (the agreement problem). Three formation strategies are studied and convergence is proved under certain conditions. Also, motivated by the question of whether collisions occur, formation evolution is studied. I.
Flocking in Fixed and Switching Networks
, 2003
"... The work of this paper is inspired by the flocking phenomenon observed in Reynolds (1987). We introduce a class of local control laws for a group of mobile agents that result in: (i) global alignment of their velocity vectors, (ii) convergence of their speeds to a common one, (iii) collision avoidan ..."
Abstract

Cited by 144 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The work of this paper is inspired by the flocking phenomenon observed in Reynolds (1987). We introduce a class of local control laws for a group of mobile agents that result in: (i) global alignment of their velocity vectors, (ii) convergence of their speeds to a common one, (iii) collision avoidance, and (iv) minimization of the agents artificial potential energy. These are made possible through local control action by exploiting the algebraic graph theoretic properties of the underlying interconnection graph. Algebraic connectivity a#ects the performance and robustness properties of the overall closed loop system. We show how the stability of the flocking motion of the group is directly associated with the connectivity properties of the interconnection network and is robust to arbitrary switching of the network topology.
A Survey of Consensus Problems in Multiagent Coordination
, 2005
"... As a distributed solution to multiagent coordination, consensus or agreement problems have been studied extensively in the literature. This paper provides a survey of consensus problems in multiagent cooperative control with the goal of promoting research in this area. Theoretical results regard ..."
Abstract

Cited by 123 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
As a distributed solution to multiagent coordination, consensus or agreement problems have been studied extensively in the literature. This paper provides a survey of consensus problems in multiagent cooperative control with the goal of promoting research in this area. Theoretical results regarding consensus seeking under both timeinvariant and dynamically changing information exchange topologies are summarized. Applications of consensus protocols to multiagent coordination are investigated. Future research directions and open problems are also proposed.
Leadertoformation stability
 IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation
, 2004
"... Abstract—The paper investigates the stability properties of mobile agent formations which are based on leaderfollowing. We derive nonlinear gain estimates that capture how leader behavior affects the interconnection errors observed in the formation. Leader to formation stability (LFS) gains quantif ..."
Abstract

Cited by 117 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract—The paper investigates the stability properties of mobile agent formations which are based on leaderfollowing. We derive nonlinear gain estimates that capture how leader behavior affects the interconnection errors observed in the formation. Leader to formation stability (LFS) gains quantify error ampli£cation, relate interconnection topology to stability and performance and offer safety bounds for different formation topologies. Analysis based on the LFS gains provides insight to error propagation and suggests ways to improve the safety, robustness and performance characteristics of a formation. I.
Necessary and sufficient graphical conditions for formation control of unicycles
, 2005
"... The feasibility problem is studied of achieving a specified formation among a group of autonomous unicycles by local distributed control. The directed graph defined by the information flow plays a key role. It is proved that formation stabilization to a point is feasible if and only if the sensor d ..."
Abstract

Cited by 109 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
The feasibility problem is studied of achieving a specified formation among a group of autonomous unicycles by local distributed control. The directed graph defined by the information flow plays a key role. It is proved that formation stabilization to a point is feasible if and only if the sensor digraph has a globally reachable node. A similar result is given for formation stabilization to a line and to more general geometric arrangements.
A Decentralized Approach to Formation Maneuvers
 IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation
, 2003
"... Abstract—This paper presents a behaviorbased approach to formation maneuvers for groups of mobile robots. Complex formation maneuvers are decomposed into a sequence of maneuvers between formation patterns. The paper presents three formation control strategies. The first strategy uses relative posit ..."
Abstract

Cited by 106 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract—This paper presents a behaviorbased approach to formation maneuvers for groups of mobile robots. Complex formation maneuvers are decomposed into a sequence of maneuvers between formation patterns. The paper presents three formation control strategies. The first strategy uses relative position information configured in a bidirectional ring topology to maintain the formation. The second strategy injects interrobot damping via passivity techniques. The third strategy accounts for actuator saturation. Hardware results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control strategies. Index Terms—Behavioral methods, coordinated control, formations, mobile robots, passivity.