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CYCLOTOMY AND ENDOMOTIVES
, 901
"... Abstract. We compare two different models of noncommutative geometry of the cyclotomic tower, both based on an arithmetic algebra of functions of roots of unity and an action by endomorphisms, the first based on the BostConnes (BC) quantum statistical mechanical system and the second on the Habiro ..."
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Abstract. We compare two different models of noncommutative geometry of the cyclotomic tower, both based on an arithmetic algebra of functions of roots of unity and an action by endomorphisms, the first based on the BostConnes (BC) quantum statistical mechanical system and the second on the Habiro ring, where the Habiro functions have, in addition to evaluations at roots of unity, also full Taylor expansions. Both have compatible endomorphisms actions of the multiplicative semigroup of positive integers. As a higher dimensional generalization, we consider a crossed product ring obtained using Manin’s multivariable generalizations of the Habiro functions and an action by endomorphisms of the semigroup of integer matrices with positive determinant. We then construct a corresponding class of multivariable BC endomotives, which are obtained geometrically from self maps of higher dimensional algebraic tori, and we discuss some of their quantum statistical mechanical properties. These multivariable BC endomotives are universal for (torsion free) Λrings, compatibly with the Frobenius action. Finally, we discuss briefly how Habiro’s universal Witten–Reshetikhin–Turaev invariant of integral homology 3spheres may relate invariants of 3manifolds to gadgets over F1 and semigroup actions on homology 3spheres to endomotives. 1.
NUMBER THEORY IN PHYSICS
"... always been the case for the theory of differential equations. In the early twentieth century, with the advent of general relativity and quantum mechanics, topics such as differential and Riemannian geometry, operator algebras and functional analysis, or group theory also developed a close relation ..."
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always been the case for the theory of differential equations. In the early twentieth century, with the advent of general relativity and quantum mechanics, topics such as differential and Riemannian geometry, operator algebras and functional analysis, or group theory also developed a close relation to physics. In the past decade, mostly through the influence of string theory, algebraic geometry also began to play a major role in this interaction. Recent years have seen an increasing number of results suggesting that number theory also is beginning to play an essential part on the scene of contemporary theoretical and mathematical physics. Conversely, ideas from physics, mostly from quantum field theory and string theory, have started to influence work in number theory. In describing significant occurrences of number theory in physics, we will, on the one hand, restrict our attention to quantum physics, while, on the other hand, we will assume a somewhat extensive definition of number theory, that will allow us to include arithmetic algebraic geometry. The territory is vast and an extensive treatment would go beyond the size limits imposed by the encyclopaedia. The
ENDOMOTIVES OF TORIC VARIETIES
"... Abstract. We construct endomotives associated to toric varieties, in terms of the decomposition of a toric variety into torus orbits and the action of a semigroup of toric morphisms. We show that the endomotives can be endowed with time evolutions and we discuss the resulting quantum statistical mec ..."
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Abstract. We construct endomotives associated to toric varieties, in terms of the decomposition of a toric variety into torus orbits and the action of a semigroup of toric morphisms. We show that the endomotives can be endowed with time evolutions and we discuss the resulting quantum statistical mechanical systems. We show that in particular, one can construct a time evolution related to the logarithmic height function. We discuss relations to F1geometry. Contents