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37
A Threshold of ln n for Approximating Set Cover
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NPhar ..."
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Cited by 769 (5 self)
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Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NPhard. We prove that (1 \Gamma o(1)) ln n is a threshold below which set cover cannot be approximated efficiently, unless NP has slightly superpolynomial time algorithms. This closes the gap (up to low order terms) between the ratio of approximation achievable by the greedy algorithm (which is (1 \Gamma o(1)) ln n), and previous results of Lund and Yannakakis, that showed hardness of approximation within a ratio of (log 2 n)=2 ' 0:72 lnn. For max kcover we show an approximation threshold of (1 \Gamma 1=e) (up to low order terms), under the assumption that P != NP .
On Clusterings: Good, Bad and Spectral
, 2003
"... We motivate and develop a natural bicriteria measure for assessing the quality of a clustering which avoids the drawbacks of existing measures. A simple recursive heuristic is shown to have polylogarithmic worstcase guarantees under the new measure. The main result of the paper is the analysis of ..."
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Cited by 326 (12 self)
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We motivate and develop a natural bicriteria measure for assessing the quality of a clustering which avoids the drawbacks of existing measures. A simple recursive heuristic is shown to have polylogarithmic worstcase guarantees under the new measure. The main result of the paper is the analysis of a popular spectral algorithm. One variant of spectral clustering turns out to have effective worstcase guarantees; another finds a "good" clustering, if one exists.
A constantfactor approximation algorithm for the kmedian problem
 In Proceedings of the 31st Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
, 1999
"... We present the first constantfactor approximation algorithm for the metric kmedian problem. The kmedian problem is one of the most wellstudied clustering problems, i.e., those problems in which the aim is to partition a given set of points into clusters so that the points within a cluster are re ..."
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Cited by 251 (12 self)
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We present the first constantfactor approximation algorithm for the metric kmedian problem. The kmedian problem is one of the most wellstudied clustering problems, i.e., those problems in which the aim is to partition a given set of points into clusters so that the points within a cluster are relatively close with respect to some measure. For the metric kmedian problem, we are given n points in a metric space. We select k of these to be cluster centers, and then assign each point to its closest selected center. If point j is assigned to a center i, the cost incurred is proportional to the distance between i and j. The goal is to select the k centers that minimize the sum of the assignment costs. We give a 6 2 3approximation algorithm for this problem. This improves upon the best previously known result of O(log k log log k), which was obtained by refining and derandomizing a randomized O(log n log log n)approximation algorithm of Bartal. 1
Improved Combinatorial Algorithms for the Facility Location and kMedian Problems
 In Proceedings of the 40th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
, 1999
"... We present improved combinatorial approximation algorithms for the uncapacitated facility location and kmedian problems. Two central ideas in most of our results are cost scaling and greedy improvement. We present a simple greedy local search algorithm which achieves an approximation ratio of 2:414 ..."
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Cited by 228 (11 self)
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We present improved combinatorial approximation algorithms for the uncapacitated facility location and kmedian problems. Two central ideas in most of our results are cost scaling and greedy improvement. We present a simple greedy local search algorithm which achieves an approximation ratio of 2:414 + in ~ O(n 2 =) time. This also yields a bicriteria approximation tradeoff of (1 +; 1+ 2=) for facility cost versus service cost which is better than previously known tradeoffs and close to the best possible. Combining greedy improvement and cost scaling with a recent primal dual algorithm for facility location due to Jain and Vazirani, we get an approximation ratio of 1.853 in ~ O(n 3 ) time. This is already very close to the approximation guarantee of the best known algorithm which is LPbased. Further, combined with the best known LPbased algorithm for facility location, we get a very slight improvement in the approximation factor for facility location, achieving 1.728....
Better Streaming Algorithms for Clustering Problems
 In Proc. of 35th ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing (STOC
, 2003
"... We study cluster ng pr blems in the str aming model, wher e the goal is to cluster a set of points by making one pass (or a few passes) over the data using a small amount of storSD space.Our mainr esult is a r ndomized algor ithm for kMedian prE lem which p duces a constant factor a ..."
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Cited by 91 (1 self)
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We study cluster ng pr blems in the str aming model, wher e the goal is to cluster a set of points by making one pass (or a few passes) over the data using a small amount of storSD space.Our mainr esult is a r ndomized algor ithm for kMedian prE lem which p duces a constant factor appr oximation in one pass using storR4 space O(kpolylog n). This is a significant imp r vement of the prS ious best algor5 hm which yielded a 2 appr ximation using O(n )space.
Algorithms for Facility Location Problems with Outliers (Extended Abstract)
 In Proceedings of the 12th Annual ACMSIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms
, 2000
"... ) Moses Charikar Samir Khuller y David M. Mount z Giri Narasimhan x Abstract Facility location problems are traditionally investigated with the assumption that all the clients are to be provided service. A significant shortcoming of this formulation is that a few very distant clients, called outlier ..."
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Cited by 86 (9 self)
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) Moses Charikar Samir Khuller y David M. Mount z Giri Narasimhan x Abstract Facility location problems are traditionally investigated with the assumption that all the clients are to be provided service. A significant shortcoming of this formulation is that a few very distant clients, called outliers, can exert a disproportionately strong influence over the final solution. In this paper we explore a generalization of various facility location problems (Kcenter, Kmedian, uncapacitated facility location etc) to the case when only a specified fraction of the customers are to be served. What makes the problems harder is that we have to also select the subset that should get service. We provide generalizations of various approximation algorithms to deal with this added constraint. 1 Introduction The facility location problem and the related clustering problems, kmedian and kcenter, are widely studied in operations research and computer science [3, 7, 22, 24, 32]. Typically in...
Clustering to Minimize the Sum of Cluster Diameters
, 2001
"... We study the problem of clustering points in a metric space so as to minimize the sumof cluster diameters or the sum of cluster radii. Significantly improving on previous results, we present ..."
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Cited by 41 (2 self)
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We study the problem of clustering points in a metric space so as to minimize the sumof cluster diameters or the sum of cluster radii. Significantly improving on previous results, we present
The Capacitated KCenter Problem
 In Proceedings of the 4th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1136
, 1996
"... The capacitated Kcenter problem is a fundamental facility location problem, where we are asked to locate K facilities in a graph, and to assign vertices to facilities, so as to minimize the maximum distance from a vertex to the facility to which it is assigned. Moreover, each facility may be assign ..."
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Cited by 40 (5 self)
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The capacitated Kcenter problem is a fundamental facility location problem, where we are asked to locate K facilities in a graph, and to assign vertices to facilities, so as to minimize the maximum distance from a vertex to the facility to which it is assigned. Moreover, each facility may be assigned at most L vertices. This problem is known to be NPhard. We give polynomial time approximation algorithms for two different versions of this problem that achieve approximation factors of 5 and 6. We also study some generalizations of this problem. 1. Introduction The basic Kcenter problem is a fundamental facility location problem [17] and is defined as follows: given an edgeweighted graph G = (V; E) find a subset S ` V of size at most K such that each vertex in V is "close" to some vertex in S. More formally, the objective function is defined as follows: min S`V max u2V min v2S d(u; v) where d is the distance function. For example, one may wish to install K fire stations and mi...
Approximation algorithms for clustering uncertain data
 in PODS Conference
, 2008
"... There is an increasing quantity of data with uncertainty arising from applications such as sensor network measurements, record linkage, and as output of mining algorithms. This uncertainty is typically formalized as probability density functions over tuple values. Beyond storing and processing such ..."
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Cited by 35 (1 self)
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There is an increasing quantity of data with uncertainty arising from applications such as sensor network measurements, record linkage, and as output of mining algorithms. This uncertainty is typically formalized as probability density functions over tuple values. Beyond storing and processing such data in a DBMS, it is necessary to perform other data analysis tasks such as data mining. We study the core mining problem of clustering on uncertain data, and define appropriate natural generalizations of standard clustering optimization criteria. Two variations arise, depending on whether a point is automatically associated with its optimal center, or whether it must be assigned to a fixed cluster no matter where it is actually located. For uncertain versions of kmeans and kmedian, we show reductions to their corresponding weighted versions on data with no uncertainties. These are simple in the unassigned case, but require some care for the assigned version. Our most interesting results are for uncertain kcenter, which generalizes both traditional kcenter and kmedian objectives. We show a variety of bicriteria approximation algorithms. One picks O(kɛ −1 log 2 n) centers and achieves a (1 + ɛ) approximation to the best uncertain kcenters. Another picks 2k centers and achieves a constant factor approximation. Collectively, these results are the first known guaranteed approximation algorithms for the problems of clustering uncertain data.