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Generalizing Substitution
, 2003
"... It is well known that, given an endofunctor H on a category C, the initial (A + H−)algebras (if existing), i.e., the algebras of (wellfounded) Hterms over different variable supplies A, give rise to a monad with substitution as the extension operation (the free monad induced by the functor H). Mo ..."
Abstract

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It is well known that, given an endofunctor H on a category C, the initial (A + H−)algebras (if existing), i.e., the algebras of (wellfounded) Hterms over different variable supplies A, give rise to a monad with substitution as the extension operation (the free monad induced by the functor H). Moss [17] and Aczel, Adámek, Milius and Velebil [2] have shown that a similar monad, which even enjoys the additional special property of having iterations for all guarded substitution rules (complete iterativeness), arises from the inverses of the final (A + H−)coalgebras (if existing), i.e., the algebras of nonwellfounded Hterms. We show that, upon an appropriate generalization of the notion of substitution, the same can more generally be said about the initial T ′ (A, −)algebras resp. the inverses of the final T ′ (A, −)coalgebras for any endobifunctor T ′ on any category C such that the functors T ′ (−,X) uniformly carry a monad structure.