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Voronoi diagrams  a survey of a fundamental geometric data structure
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1991
"... This paper presents a survey of the Voronoi diagram, one of the most fundamental data structures in computational geometry. It demonstrates the importance and usefulness of the Voronoi diagram in a wide variety of fields inside and outside computer science and surveys the history of its development. ..."
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Cited by 734 (5 self)
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This paper presents a survey of the Voronoi diagram, one of the most fundamental data structures in computational geometry. It demonstrates the importance and usefulness of the Voronoi diagram in a wide variety of fields inside and outside computer science and surveys the history of its development. The paper puts particular emphasis on the unified exposition of its mathematical and algorithmic properties. Finally, the paper provides the first comprehensive bibliography on Voronoi diagrams and related structures.
Applications of Random Sampling in Computational Geometry, II
 Discrete Comput. Geom
, 1995
"... We use random sampling for several new geometric algorithms. The algorithms are "Las Vegas," and their expected bounds are with respect to the random behavior of the algorithms. These algorithms follow from new general results giving sharp bounds for the use of random subsets in geometric ..."
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Cited by 453 (12 self)
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We use random sampling for several new geometric algorithms. The algorithms are "Las Vegas," and their expected bounds are with respect to the random behavior of the algorithms. These algorithms follow from new general results giving sharp bounds for the use of random subsets in geometric algorithms. These bounds show that random subsets can be used optimally for divideandconquer, and also give bounds for a simple, general technique for building geometric structures incrementally. One new algorithm reports all the intersecting pairs of a set of line segments in the plane, and requires O(A + n log n) expected time, where A is the number of intersecting pairs reported. The algorithm requires O(n) space in the worst case. Another algorithm computes the convex hull of n points in E d in O(n log n) expected time for d = 3, and O(n bd=2c ) expected time for d ? 3. The algorithm also gives fast expected times for random input points. Another algorithm computes the diameter of a set of n...
Simulation of Simplicity: A Technique to Cope with Degenerate Cases in Geometric Algorithms
 ACM TRANS. GRAPH
, 1990
"... This paper describes a generalpurpose programming technique, called the Simulation of Simplicity, which can be used to cope with degenerate input data for geometric algorithms. It relieves the programmer from the task to provide a consistent treatment for every single special case that can occur. T ..."
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Cited by 315 (23 self)
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This paper describes a generalpurpose programming technique, called the Simulation of Simplicity, which can be used to cope with degenerate input data for geometric algorithms. It relieves the programmer from the task to provide a consistent treatment for every single special case that can occur. The programs that use the technique tend to be considerably smaller and more robust than those that do not use it. We believe that this technique will become a standard tool in writing geometric software.
MAPS: Multiresolution Adaptive Parameterization of Surfaces
, 1998
"... We construct smooth parameterizations of irregular connectivity triangulations of arbitrary genus 2manifolds. Our algorithm uses hierarchical simplification to efficiently induce a parameterization of the original mesh over a base domain consisting of a small number of triangles. This initial param ..."
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Cited by 268 (13 self)
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We construct smooth parameterizations of irregular connectivity triangulations of arbitrary genus 2manifolds. Our algorithm uses hierarchical simplification to efficiently induce a parameterization of the original mesh over a base domain consisting of a small number of triangles. This initial parameterization is further improved through a hierarchical smoothing procedure based on Loop subdivision applied in the parameter domain. Our method supports both fully automatic and user constrained operations. In the latter, we accommodate point and edge constraints to force the align # wailee@cs.princeton.edu + wim@belllabs.com # ps@cs.caltech.edu cowsar@belllabs.com dpd@cs.princeton.edu ment of isoparameter lines with desired features. We show how to use the parameterization for fast, hierarchical subdivision connectivity remeshing with guaranteed error bounds. The remeshing algorithm constructs an adaptively subdivided mesh directly without first resorting to uniform subdivision followed by subsequent sparsification. It thus avoids the exponential cost of the latter. Our parameterizations are also useful for texture mapping and morphing applications, among others.
A Delaunay Refinement Algorithm for Quality 2Dimensional Mesh Generation
, 1995
"... We present a simple new algorithm for triangulating polygons and planar straightline graphs. It provides "shape" and "size" guarantees: All triangles have a bounded aspect ratio. The number of triangles is within a constant factor of optimal. Such "quality" triangulatio ..."
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Cited by 240 (0 self)
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We present a simple new algorithm for triangulating polygons and planar straightline graphs. It provides "shape" and "size" guarantees: All triangles have a bounded aspect ratio. The number of triangles is within a constant factor of optimal. Such "quality" triangulations are desirable as meshes for the nite element method, in which the running time generally increases with the number of triangles, and where the convergence and stability may be hurt by very skinny triangles. The technique we use  successive refinement of a Delaunay triangulation  extends a mesh generation technique of Chew by allowing triangles of varying sizes. Compared with previous quadtreebased algorithms for quality mesh generation, the Delaunay refinement approach is much simpler and generally produces meshes with fewer triangles. We also discuss an implementation of the algorithm and evaluate its performance on a variety of inputs.
Survey of Polygonal Surface Simplification Algorithms
, 1997
"... This paper surveys methods for simplifying and approximating polygonal surfaces. A polygonal surface is a piecewiselinear surface in 3D defined by a set of polygons ..."
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Cited by 227 (3 self)
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This paper surveys methods for simplifying and approximating polygonal surfaces. A polygonal surface is a piecewiselinear surface in 3D defined by a set of polygons
Reverse Search for Enumeration
 Discrete Applied Mathematics
, 1993
"... The reverse search technique has been recently introduced by the authors for efficient enumeration of vertices of polyhedra and arrangements. In this paper, we develop this idea in a general framework and show its broader applications to various problems in operations research, combinatorics, and ..."
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Cited by 207 (28 self)
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The reverse search technique has been recently introduced by the authors for efficient enumeration of vertices of polyhedra and arrangements. In this paper, we develop this idea in a general framework and show its broader applications to various problems in operations research, combinatorics, and geometry. In particular, we propose new algorithms for listing (i) all triangulations of a set of n points in the plane, (ii) all cells in a hyperplane arrangement in R d , (iii) all spanning trees of a graph, (iv) all Euclidean (noncrossing) trees spanning a set of n points in the plane, (v) all connected induced subgraphs of a graph, and (vi) all topological orderings of an acyclic graph. Finally we propose a new algorithm for the 01 integer programming problem which can be considered as an alternative to the branchandbound algorithm. 1 Introduction The listing of all objects that satisfy a specified property is a fundamental problem in combinatorics, computational geometr...
Adaptive Precision FloatingPoint Arithmetic and Fast Robust Geometric Predicates
 Discrete & Computational Geometry
, 1996
"... Exact computer arithmetic has a variety of uses including, but not limited to, the robust implementation of geometric algorithms. This report has three purposes. The first is to offer fast softwarelevel algorithms for exact addition and multiplication of arbitrary precision floatingpoint values. T ..."
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Cited by 172 (5 self)
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Exact computer arithmetic has a variety of uses including, but not limited to, the robust implementation of geometric algorithms. This report has three purposes. The first is to offer fast softwarelevel algorithms for exact addition and multiplication of arbitrary precision floatingpoint values. The second is to propose a technique for adaptiveprecision arithmetic that can often speed these algorithms when one wishes to perform multiprecision calculations that do not always require exact arithmetic, but must satisfy some error bound. The third is to provide a practical demonstration of these techniques, in the form of implementations of several common geometric calculations whose required degree of accuracy depends on their inputs. These robust geometric predicates are adaptive; their running time depends on the degree of uncertainty of the result, and is usually small. These algorithms work on computers whose floatingpoint arithmetic uses radix two and exact rounding, including machines complying with the IEEE 754 standard. The inputs to the predicates may be arbitrary single or double precision floatingpoint numbers. C code is publicly available for the 2D and 3D orientation and incircle tests, and robust Delaunay triangulation using these tests. Timings of the implementations demonstrate their effectiveness. Supported in part by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada under a 1967 Science and Engineering Scholarship and by the National Science Foundation under Grant CMS9318163. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the author and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either express or implied, of NSERC, NSF, or the U.S. Government. Keywords: arbitrary precision floatingpoint arit...