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40
OBBTree: A hierarchical structure for rapid interference detection
 Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH, 171–180
, 1996
"... {gottscha,lin,manocha}©cs. unc.edu We present a data structure and an algorithm for efficient and exact interference detection amongst complex models undergoing rigid motion. The algorithm is applicable to all general polygonal and curved models. It precomputes a hierarchical representation of mode ..."
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Cited by 658 (43 self)
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{gottscha,lin,manocha}©cs. unc.edu We present a data structure and an algorithm for efficient and exact interference detection amongst complex models undergoing rigid motion. The algorithm is applicable to all general polygonal and curved models. It precomputes a hierarchical representation of models using tightfitting oriented bounding box trees. At runtime, the algorithm traverses the tree and tests for overlaps between oriented bounding boxes based on a new separating axis theorem, which takes less than 200 operations in practice. It has been implemented and we compare its performance with other hierarchical data structures. In particular, it can accurately detect all the contacts between large complex geometries composed of hundreds of thousands of polygons at interactive rates, almost one order of magnitude faster than earlier methods.
Determining the Separation of Preprocessed Polyhedra  A Unified Approach
, 1990
"... We show how (now familiar) hierarchical representations of (convex) polyhedra can be used to answer various separation queries efficiently (in a number of cases, optimally). Our emphasis is i) the uniform treatment of polyhedra separation problems, ii) the use of hierarchical representations of prim ..."
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Cited by 105 (5 self)
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We show how (now familiar) hierarchical representations of (convex) polyhedra can be used to answer various separation queries efficiently (in a number of cases, optimally). Our emphasis is i) the uniform treatment of polyhedra separation problems, ii) the use of hierarchical representations of primitive objects to provide implicit representations of composite or transformed objects, and iii) applications to natural problems in graphics and robotics. Among the specific results is an O(log jP j 1 log jQj) algorithm for determining the sepa ration of polyhedra P and Q (which have been individually preprocessed in at most linear time).
Incremental algorithms for collision detection between solid models
 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
, 1995
"... solid models ..."
Computing the IntersectionDepth of Polyhedra
 Algorithmica
, 1993
"... Given two intersecting polyhedra P , Q and a direction d, find the smallest translation of Q along d that renders the interiors of P and Q disjoint. The same problem can also be posed without specifying the direction, in which case the minimum translation over all directions is sought. These are fun ..."
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Cited by 49 (2 self)
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Given two intersecting polyhedra P , Q and a direction d, find the smallest translation of Q along d that renders the interiors of P and Q disjoint. The same problem can also be posed without specifying the direction, in which case the minimum translation over all directions is sought. These are fundamental problems that arise in robotics and computer vision. We develop techniques for implicitly building and searching convolutions and apply them to derive efficient algorithms for these problems. 1 Introduction The computation of spatial relationships among geometric objects is a fundamental problem in such areas as robotics, computeraided design, VLSI layout, and computer graphics. In a dynamic environment where objects are mobile, intersection or proximity among objects has obvious applications. Consider, for instance, the problem of collision detection in robot motion planning. The Euclidean distance is a commonly used measure in these areas. Numerous efficient algorithms are known...
LowDimensional Linear Programming with Violations
 In Proc. 43th Annu. IEEE Sympos. Found. Comput. Sci
, 2002
"... Two decades ago, Megiddo and Dyer showed that linear programming in 2 and 3 dimensions (and subsequently, any constant number of dimensions) can be solved in linear time. In this paper, we consider linear programming with at most k violations: finding a point inside all but at most k of n given half ..."
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Cited by 46 (3 self)
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Two decades ago, Megiddo and Dyer showed that linear programming in 2 and 3 dimensions (and subsequently, any constant number of dimensions) can be solved in linear time. In this paper, we consider linear programming with at most k violations: finding a point inside all but at most k of n given halfspaces. We give a simple algorithm in 2d that runs in O((n + k ) log n) expected time; this is faster than earlier algorithms by Everett, Robert, and van Kreveld (1993) and Matousek (1994) and is probably nearoptimal for all k n=2. A (theoretical) extension of our algorithm in 3d runs in near O(n + k ) expected time. Interestingly, the idea is based on concavechain decompositions (or covers) of the ( k)level, previously used in proving combinatorial klevel bounds.
Optimal OutputSensitive Convex Hull Algorithms in Two and Three Dimensions
, 1996
"... We present simple outputsensitive algorithms that construct the convex hull of a set of n points in two or three dimensions in worstcase optimal O(n log h) time and O(n) space, where h denotes the number of vertices of the convex hull. ..."
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Cited by 45 (6 self)
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We present simple outputsensitive algorithms that construct the convex hull of a set of n points in two or three dimensions in worstcase optimal O(n log h) time and O(n) space, where h denotes the number of vertices of the convex hull.
Interactive Boolean Operations for Conceptual Design of 3D Solids
, 1997
"... Interactive modeling of 3D solids is an important and difficult problem in computer graphics. The Constructive Solid Geometry (CSG) modeling scheme is highly attractive for interactive design, due to its support for hierarchical modeling and Boolean operations. Unfortunately, current algorithms for ..."
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Cited by 36 (1 self)
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Interactive modeling of 3D solids is an important and difficult problem in computer graphics. The Constructive Solid Geometry (CSG) modeling scheme is highly attractive for interactive design, due to its support for hierarchical modeling and Boolean operations. Unfortunately, current algorithms for interactive display of CSG models require expensive specialpurpose hardware that is not easily available. In this paper we present a method for interactive display of CSG models using standard, widely available graphics hardware. The method enables the user to interactively modify the affine transformations associated with CSG subobjects. The application we focus upon is that of conceptual design, a stage in the design process in which rapid, interactive visualization of the model and highlevel design operations are of crucial importance, while the objects are relatively simple. The method converts the CSG graph to a novel Convex Differences Aggregate(CDA) representation. The CDA utili...
RECODE: An ImageBased Collision Detection Algorithm
 Proceedings of Pacific Graphics ’98
, 1998
"... Object interactions are ubiquitous in interactive computer graphics, 3D object motion simulations, virtual reality and robotics applications. Most collision detection algorithms are based on geometrical object–space interference tests. Some algorithms have employed an image– space approach to the co ..."
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Cited by 36 (0 self)
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Object interactions are ubiquitous in interactive computer graphics, 3D object motion simulations, virtual reality and robotics applications. Most collision detection algorithms are based on geometrical object–space interference tests. Some algorithms have employed an image– space approach to the collision detection problem. In this article, we demonstrate an image–space collision detection process that allows substatial computational savings during the image–space interference test. This approach makes efficient use of the graphics rendering hardware for real–time complex object interactions.
Sublinear geometric algorithms
 In Proc. of the 35th Annual ACM Symp. on Theory of Computing
, 2003
"... Abstract. We initiate an investigation of sublinear algorithms for geometric problems in two and three dimensions. We give optimal algorithms for intersection detection of convex polygons and polyhedra, point location in twodimensional triangulations and Voronoi diagrams, and ray shooting in convex ..."
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Cited by 19 (2 self)
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Abstract. We initiate an investigation of sublinear algorithms for geometric problems in two and three dimensions. We give optimal algorithms for intersection detection of convex polygons and polyhedra, point location in twodimensional triangulations and Voronoi diagrams, and ray shooting in convex polyhedra, all of which run in expected time O ( √ n), where n is the size of the input. We also provide sublinear solutions for the approximate evaluation of the volume of a convex polytope and the length of the shortest path between two points on the boundary. Key words. sublinear algorithms, approximate shortest paths, polyhedral intersection
Dynamic and I/OEfficient Algorithms for Computational Geometry and Graph Problems: Theoretical and Experimental Results
, 1995
"... As most important applications today are largescale in nature, highperformance methods are becoming indispensable. Two promising computational paradigms for largescale applications are dynamic and I/Oefficient computations. We give efficient dynamic data structures for several fundamental proble ..."
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Cited by 18 (4 self)
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As most important applications today are largescale in nature, highperformance methods are becoming indispensable. Two promising computational paradigms for largescale applications are dynamic and I/Oefficient computations. We give efficient dynamic data structures for several fundamental problems in computational geometry, including point location, ray shooting, shortest path, and minimumlink path. We also develop a collection of new techniques for designing and analyzing I/Oefficient algorithms for graph problems, and illustrate how these techniques can be applied to a wide variety of specific problems, including list ranking, Euler tour, expressiontree evaluation, leastcommon ancestors, connected and biconnected components, minimum spanning forest, ear decomposition, topological sorting, reachability, graph drawing, and visibility representation. Finally, we present an extensive experimental study comparing the practical I/O efficiency of four algorithms for the orthogonal s...