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35
Number theory and elementary arithmetic
 Philosophia Mathematica
, 2003
"... Elementary arithmetic (also known as “elementary function arithmetic”) is a fragment of firstorder arithmetic so weak that it cannot prove the totality of an iterated exponential function. Surprisingly, however, the theory turns out to be remarkably robust. I will discuss formal results that show t ..."
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Elementary arithmetic (also known as “elementary function arithmetic”) is a fragment of firstorder arithmetic so weak that it cannot prove the totality of an iterated exponential function. Surprisingly, however, the theory turns out to be remarkably robust. I will discuss formal results that show that many theorems of number theory and combinatorics are derivable in elementary arithmetic, and try to place these results in a broader philosophical context. 1
Proof Interpretations and the Computational Content of Proofs. Draft of book in preparation
, 2007
"... This survey reports on some recent developments in the project of applying proof theory to proofs in core mathematics. The historical roots, however, go back to Hilbert’s central theme in the foundations of mathematics which can be paraphrased by the following question ..."
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Cited by 14 (1 self)
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This survey reports on some recent developments in the project of applying proof theory to proofs in core mathematics. The historical roots, however, go back to Hilbert’s central theme in the foundations of mathematics which can be paraphrased by the following question
Foundational and mathematical uses of higher types
 REFLECTIONS ON THE FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS: ESSAY IN HONOR OF SOLOMON FEFERMAN
, 1999
"... In this paper we develop mathematically strong systems of analysis in higher types which, nevertheless, are prooftheoretically weak, i.e. conservative over elementary resp. primitive recursive arithmetic. These systems are based on noncollapsing hierarchies ( n WKL+ ; n WKL+ ) of principles ..."
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In this paper we develop mathematically strong systems of analysis in higher types which, nevertheless, are prooftheoretically weak, i.e. conservative over elementary resp. primitive recursive arithmetic. These systems are based on noncollapsing hierarchies ( n WKL+ ; n WKL+ ) of principles which generalize (and for n = 0 coincide with) the socalled `weak' König's lemma WKL (which has been studied extensively in the context of second order arithmetic) to logically more complex tree predicates. Whereas the second order context used in the program of reverse mathematics requires an encoding of higher analytical concepts like continuous functions F : X ! Y between Polish spaces X;Y , the more exible language of our systems allows to treat such objects directly. This is of relevance as the encoding of F used in reverse mathematics tacitly yields a constructively enriched notion of continuous functions which e.g. for F : IN ! IN can be seen (in our higher order context)
On the computational content of the Krasnoselski and Ishikawa fixed point theorems
, 2000
"... This paper is a case study in proof mining applied to noneffective proofs in nonlinear functional analysis. More specifically, we are concerned with the fixed point theory of nonexpansive selfmappings f of convex sets C in normed spaces. We study the Krasnoselski iteration as well as more general ..."
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Cited by 13 (10 self)
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This paper is a case study in proof mining applied to noneffective proofs in nonlinear functional analysis. More specifically, we are concerned with the fixed point theory of nonexpansive selfmappings f of convex sets C in normed spaces. We study the Krasnoselski iteration as well as more general socalled KrasnoselskiMann iterations. These iterations converge to fixed points of f under certain compactness conditions. But, as we show, already for uniformly convex spaces in general no bound on the rate of convergence can be computed uniformly in f . This is related to the nonuniqueness of fixed points. However, the iterations yield even without any compactness assumption and for arbitrary normed spaces approximate fixed points of arbitrary quality for bounded C (asymptotic regularity, Ishikawa 1976). We apply proof theoretic techniques (developed in previous papers of us) to noneffective proofs of this regularity and extract effective uniform bounds on the rate of the asymptotic re...
Elimination of Skolem functions for monotone formulas in analysis
 ARCHIVE FOR MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
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Groundwork for weak analysis
 the Journal of Symbolic Logic
, 2002
"... Abstract. This paper develops the very basic notions of analysis in a weak secondorder theory of arithmetic BTFA whose provably total functions are the polynomial time computable functions. We formalize within BTFA the real number system and the notion of a continuous real function of a real variabl ..."
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Abstract. This paper develops the very basic notions of analysis in a weak secondorder theory of arithmetic BTFA whose provably total functions are the polynomial time computable functions. We formalize within BTFA the real number system and the notion of a continuous real function of a real variable. The theory BTFA is able to prove the intermediate value theorem, wherefore it follows that the system of real numbers is a real closed ordered field. In the last section of the paper, we show how to interpret the theory BTFA in Robinson’s theory of arithmetic Q. This fact entails that the elementary theory of the real closed ordered fields is interpretable in Q. §1. Introduction. The formalization of mathematics within secondorder arithmetic has a long and distinguished history. We may say that it goes back to Richard Dedekind, and that it has been pursued by, among others, Hermann Weyl, David Hilbert, Paul Bernays, Harvey Friedman, and Stephen Simpson and his students (we may also mention the insights of Georg Kreisel, Solomon Feferman,