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382
Surface reconstruction from unorganized points
 COMPUTER GRAPHICS (SIGGRAPH ’92 PROCEEDINGS)
, 1992
"... We describe and demonstrate an algorithm that takes as input an unorganized set of points fx1�:::�xng IR 3 on or near an unknown manifold M, and produces as output a simplicial surface that approximates M. Neither the topology, the presence of boundaries, nor the geometry of M are assumed to be know ..."
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Cited by 649 (8 self)
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We describe and demonstrate an algorithm that takes as input an unorganized set of points fx1�:::�xng IR 3 on or near an unknown manifold M, and produces as output a simplicial surface that approximates M. Neither the topology, the presence of boundaries, nor the geometry of M are assumed to be known in advance — all are inferred automatically from the data. This problem naturally arises in a variety of practical situations such as range scanning an object from multiple view points, recovery of biological shapes from twodimensional slices, and interactive surface sketching.
A Signal Processing Approach To Fair Surface Design
, 1995
"... In this paper we describe a new tool for interactive freeform fair surface design. By generalizing classical discrete Fourier analysis to twodimensional discrete surface signals  functions defined on polyhedral surfaces of arbitrary topology , we reduce the problem of surface smoothing, or fai ..."
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Cited by 523 (13 self)
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In this paper we describe a new tool for interactive freeform fair surface design. By generalizing classical discrete Fourier analysis to twodimensional discrete surface signals  functions defined on polyhedral surfaces of arbitrary topology , we reduce the problem of surface smoothing, or fairing, to lowpass filtering. We describe a very simple surface signal lowpass filter algorithm that applies to surfaces of arbitrary topology. As opposed to other existing optimizationbased fairing methods, which are computationally more expensive, this is a linear time and space complexity algorithm. With this algorithm, fairing very large surfaces, such as those obtained from volumetric medical data, becomes affordable. By combining this algorithm with surface subdivision methods we obtain a very effective fair surface design technique. We then extend the analysis, and modify the algorithm accordingly, to accommodate different types of constraints. Some constraints can be imposed without any modification of the algorithm, while others require the solution of a small associated linear system of equations. In particular, vertex location constraints, vertex normal constraints, and surface normal discontinuities across curves embedded in the surface, can be imposed with this technique. CR Categories and Subject Descriptors: I.3.3 [Computer Graphics]: Picture/image generation  display algorithms; I.3.5 [Computer Graphics]: Computational Geometry and Object Modeling  curve, surface, solid, and object representations;J.6[Com puter Applications]: ComputerAided Engineering  computeraided design General Terms: Algorithms, Graphics. 1
Multiresolution Analysis for Surfaces Of Arbitrary . . .
, 1993
"... Multiresolution analysis provides a useful and efficient tool for representing shape and analyzing features at multiple levels of detail. Although the technique has met with considerable success when applied to univariate functions, images, and more generally to functions defined on lR , to our k ..."
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Cited by 336 (3 self)
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Multiresolution analysis provides a useful and efficient tool for representing shape and analyzing features at multiple levels of detail. Although the technique has met with considerable success when applied to univariate functions, images, and more generally to functions defined on lR , to our knowledge it has not been extended to functions defined on surfaces of arbitrary genus. In this
Piecewise smooth surface reconstruction
, 1994
"... We present a general method for automatic reconstruction of accurate, concise, piecewise smooth surface models from scattered range data. The method can be used in a variety of applications such as reverse engineering — the automatic generation of CAD models from physical objects. Novel aspects of t ..."
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Cited by 270 (13 self)
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We present a general method for automatic reconstruction of accurate, concise, piecewise smooth surface models from scattered range data. The method can be used in a variety of applications such as reverse engineering — the automatic generation of CAD models from physical objects. Novel aspects of the method are its ability to model surfaces of arbitrary topological type and to recover sharp features such as creases and corners. The method has proven to be effective, as demonstrated by a number of examples using both simulated and real data. A key ingredient in the method, and a principal contribution of this paper, is the introduction of a new class of piecewise smooth surface representations based on subdivision. These surfaces have a number of properties that make them ideal for use in surface reconstruction: they are simple to implement, they can model sharp features concisely, and they can be fit to scattered range data using an unconstrained optimization procedure.
MAPS: Multiresolution Adaptive Parameterization of Surfaces
, 1998
"... We construct smooth parameterizations of irregular connectivity triangulations of arbitrary genus 2manifolds. Our algorithm uses hierarchical simplification to efficiently induce a parameterization of the original mesh over a base domain consisting of a small number of triangles. This initial param ..."
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Cited by 224 (12 self)
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We construct smooth parameterizations of irregular connectivity triangulations of arbitrary genus 2manifolds. Our algorithm uses hierarchical simplification to efficiently induce a parameterization of the original mesh over a base domain consisting of a small number of triangles. This initial parameterization is further improved through a hierarchical smoothing procedure based on Loop subdivision applied in the parameter domain. Our method supports both fully automatic and user constrained operations. In the latter, we accommodate point and edge constraints to force the align # wailee@cs.princeton.edu + wim@belllabs.com # ps@cs.caltech.edu cowsar@belllabs.com dpd@cs.princeton.edu ment of isoparameter lines with desired features. We show how to use the parameterization for fast, hierarchical subdivision connectivity remeshing with guaranteed error bounds. The remeshing algorithm constructs an adaptively subdivided mesh directly without first resorting to uniform subdivision followed by subsequent sparsification. It thus avoids the exponential cost of the latter. Our parameterizations are also useful for texture mapping and morphing applications, among others.
Interpolating Subdivision for Meshes with Arbitrary Topology
"... Subdivision is a powerful paradigm for the generation of surfaces of arbitrary topology. Given an initial triangular mesh the goal is to produce a smooth and visually pleasing surface whose shape is controlled by the initial mesh. Of particular interest are interpolating schemes since they match the ..."
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Cited by 206 (25 self)
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Subdivision is a powerful paradigm for the generation of surfaces of arbitrary topology. Given an initial triangular mesh the goal is to produce a smooth and visually pleasing surface whose shape is controlled by the initial mesh. Of particular interest are interpolating schemes since they match the original data exactly, and play an important role in fast multiresolution and wavelet techniques. Dyn, Gregory, and Levin introduced the Butterfly scheme, which yields C 1 surfaces in the topologically regular setting. Unfortunately it exhibits undesirable artifacts in the case of an irregular topology. We examine these failures and derive an improved scheme, which retains the simplicity of the Butterfly scheme, is interpolating, and results in smoother surfaces.
Progressive Geometry Compression
, 2000
"... We propose a new progressive compression scheme for arbitrary topology, highly detailed and densely sampled meshes arising from geometry scanning. We observe that meshes consist of three distinct components: geometry, parameter, and connectivity information. The latter two do not contribute to the r ..."
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Cited by 190 (13 self)
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We propose a new progressive compression scheme for arbitrary topology, highly detailed and densely sampled meshes arising from geometry scanning. We observe that meshes consist of three distinct components: geometry, parameter, and connectivity information. The latter two do not contribute to the reduction of error in a compression setting. Using semiregular meshes, parameter and connectivity information can be virtually eliminated. Coupled with semiregular wavelet transforms, zerotree coding, and subdivision based reconstruction we see improvements in error by a factor four (12dB) compared to other progressive coding schemes. CR Categories and Subject Descriptors: I.3.5 [Computer Graphics]: Computational Geometry and Object Modeling  hierarchy and geometric transformations; G.1.2 [Numerical Analysis]: Approximation  approximation of surfaces and contours, wavelets and fractals; I.4.2 [Image Processing and Computer Vision]: Compression (Coding)  Approximate methods Additional K...
Exact Evaluation Of CatmullClark Subdivision Surfaces At Arbitrary Parameter Values
 Proceedings of SIGGRAPH
, 1998
"... In this paper we disprove the belief widespread within the computer graphics community that CatmullClark subdivision surfaces cannot be evaluated directly without explicitly subdividing. We show that the surface and all its derivatives can be evaluated in terms of a set of eigenbasis functions whi ..."
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Cited by 188 (7 self)
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In this paper we disprove the belief widespread within the computer graphics community that CatmullClark subdivision surfaces cannot be evaluated directly without explicitly subdividing. We show that the surface and all its derivatives can be evaluated in terms of a set of eigenbasis functions which depend only on the subdivision scheme and we derive analytical expressions for these basis functions. In particular, on the regular part of the control mesh where CatmullClark surfaces are bicubic Bsplines, the eigenbasis is equal to the power basis. Also, our technique is both efficient and easy to implement. We have used our implementation to compute high quality curvature plots of subdivision surfaces. The cost of our evaluation scheme is comparable to that of a bicubic spline. Therefore, our method allows many algorithms developed for parametric surfaces to be applied to CatmullClark subdivision surfaces. This makes subdivision surfaces an even more attractive tool for freeform surface modeling. 1
Subdivision for Modeling and Animation
, 1998
"... sis Denis Zorin and Jorg Peters Afternoon Session: Applications and Algorithms The afternoon session will focus on applications of subdivision and the algorithmic issues practitioners need to address to build efficient, well behaving systems for modeling and animation with subdivision surfaces. Int ..."
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Cited by 188 (22 self)
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sis Denis Zorin and Jorg Peters Afternoon Session: Applications and Algorithms The afternoon session will focus on applications of subdivision and the algorithmic issues practitioners need to address to build efficient, well behaving systems for modeling and animation with subdivision surfaces. Interactive Multiresolution Mesh Editing Denis Zorin Subdivision Surfaces and Wavelets Michael Lounsbery A Variational Approach to Subdivision Leif Kobbelt Exploiting Subdivision in Modeling and Animation David R. Forsey Subdivision Surfaces in the Making of Geri's Game Tony DeRose 6 1 Introduction 13 2 Foundations I: Basic Ideas 17 2.1 The Idea of Subdivision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.2 Review of Splines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2.2.1 Piecewise Polynomial Curves . . . . . . . . . . .
Interactive Multiresolution Mesh Editing
"... We describe a multiresolution representation for meshes based on subdivision. Subdivision is a natural extension of the existing patchbased surface representations. At the same time subdivision algorithms can be viewed as operating directly on polygonal meshes, which makes them a useful tool for me ..."
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Cited by 181 (20 self)
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We describe a multiresolution representation for meshes based on subdivision. Subdivision is a natural extension of the existing patchbased surface representations. At the same time subdivision algorithms can be viewed as operating directly on polygonal meshes, which makes them a useful tool for mesh manipulation. Combination of subdivision and smoothing algorithms of Taubin [26] allows us to construct a set of algorithms for interactive multiresolution editing of complex meshes of arbitrary topology. Simplicity of the essential algorithms for re nement and coarsi cation allows to make them local and adaptive, considerably improving their efficiency. We have built a scalable interactive multiresolution editing system based on such algorithms.