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37
Predicative Recursion and Computational Complexity
, 1992
"... The purpose of this thesis is to give a "foundational" characterization of some common complexity classes. Such a characterization is distinguished by the fact that no explicit resource bounds are used. For example, we characterize the polynomial time computable functions without making any direct r ..."
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Cited by 45 (3 self)
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The purpose of this thesis is to give a "foundational" characterization of some common complexity classes. Such a characterization is distinguished by the fact that no explicit resource bounds are used. For example, we characterize the polynomial time computable functions without making any direct reference to polynomials, time, or even computation. Complexity classes characterized in this way include polynomial time, the functional polytime hierarchy, the logspace decidable problems, and NC. After developing these "resource free" definitions, we apply them to redeveloping the feasible logical system of Cook and Urquhart, and show how this firstorder system relates to the secondorder system of Leivant. The connection is an interesting one since the systems were defined independently and have what appear to be very different rules for the principle of induction. Furthermore it is interesting to see, albeit in a very specific context, how to retract a second order statement, ("inducti...
Computing the noncomputable
 Contemporary Physics
"... We explore in the framework of Quantum Computation the notion of computability, which holds a central position in Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science. A quantum algorithm that exploits the quantum adiabatic which is equivalent to the Turing halting problem and known to be mathematically non ..."
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Cited by 31 (7 self)
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We explore in the framework of Quantum Computation the notion of computability, which holds a central position in Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science. A quantum algorithm that exploits the quantum adiabatic which is equivalent to the Turing halting problem and known to be mathematically noncomputable. Generalised quantum algorithms are also considered for some other mathematical noncomputables in the same and of different noncomputability classes. The key element of all these algorithms is the measurability of both the values of physical observables and of the quantummechanical probability distributions for these values. It is argued that computability, and thus the limits of Mathematics, ought to be determined not
A Recursive Techniques Editor for Prolog
 Instructional Science
, 2000
"... We describe an editor geared to recursive Prolog procedures. It is similar to the structure editors built for many programming languages, except that instead of just ensuring the correctness of the syntax of the procedures built by the editor, the editor also ensures the correct use of recursion. ..."
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Cited by 11 (3 self)
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We describe an editor geared to recursive Prolog procedures. It is similar to the structure editors built for many programming languages, except that instead of just ensuring the correctness of the syntax of the procedures built by the editor, the editor also ensures the correct use of recursion. By correct here we mean that the recursive procedure is guaranteed to terminate and to be welldefined. Within these constraints we have tried to ensure that the range of procedures that can be built is as complete as possible. Key words and phrases. Prolog environments, programming techniques, structure editor, recursion, termination, rewrite rules. 1 Why a Recursion Editor? The general question being addressed in this paper is "what environmental tools can and should be provided to programmers to assist them to write programs?". Some of the standard answers to this question are: ffl structure editors: to ensure that the user writes only syntactically correct programs; ffl cross re...
Extending the Loop Language with HigherOrder Procedural Variables
 Special issue of ACM TOCL on Implicit Computational Complexity
, 2010
"... We extend Meyer and Ritchie’s Loop language with higherorder procedures and procedural variables and we show that the resulting programming language (called Loop ω) is a natural imperative counterpart of Gödel System T. The argument is twofold: 1. we define a translation of the Loop ω language int ..."
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Cited by 9 (6 self)
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We extend Meyer and Ritchie’s Loop language with higherorder procedures and procedural variables and we show that the resulting programming language (called Loop ω) is a natural imperative counterpart of Gödel System T. The argument is twofold: 1. we define a translation of the Loop ω language into System T and we prove that this translation actually provides a lockstep simulation, 2. using a converse translation, we show that Loop ω is expressive enough to encode any term of System T. Moreover, we define the “iteration rank ” of a Loop ω program, which corresponds to the classical notion of “recursion rank ” in System T, and we show that both translations preserve ranks. Two applications of these results in the area of implicit complexity are described. 1
General sizechange termination and lexicographic descent
 The Essence of Computation: Complexity, Analysis, Transformation. Essays Dedicated to Neil D. Jones, volume 2566 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science
, 2002
"... Abstract. Sizechange termination (SCT) is a general criterion to identify recursive function definitions that are guaranteed to terminate. It extends and subsumes the simpler criterion of lexicographic descent in function calls, which in classical recursion theory is known as multiple recursion. Ne ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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Abstract. Sizechange termination (SCT) is a general criterion to identify recursive function definitions that are guaranteed to terminate. It extends and subsumes the simpler criterion of lexicographic descent in function calls, which in classical recursion theory is known as multiple recursion. Neil Jones has conjectured that the class of functions computable by sizechange terminating programs coincides with the multiplyrecursive functions. This paper proves so. 1 Introduction Consider the following recursive function definition (over the natural numbers as are all function definitions in this paper). Is computation of this function, by straightforward evaluation of the defining expressions, guaranteed to terminate? f(x,y) = if x=0 then y
Constraints on recursion in the Hume expression language
 Draft Proc. International Workshop on Implementation of Functional Programming (IFL 2000
, 2000
"... Hume is a proposed new environment for constructing safety critical systems. Here, possible constraints on recursion in the Hume expression language, to aid termination determinacy, are discussed and structural operational semantics for static syntactic checks for simple and nested recursion are pre ..."
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Cited by 6 (5 self)
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Hume is a proposed new environment for constructing safety critical systems. Here, possible constraints on recursion in the Hume expression language, to aid termination determinacy, are discussed and structural operational semantics for static syntactic checks for simple and nested recursion are presented.
Improving the Lazy Krivine Machine
 HIGHERORDER AND SYMBOLIC COMPUTATION
, 2004
"... Krivine presents the machine, which produces weak head normal form results. Sestoft introduces several callbyneed variants of the machine that implement result sharing via pushing update markers on the stack in a way similar to the TIM and the STG machine. When a sequence of consecutive mark ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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Krivine presents the machine, which produces weak head normal form results. Sestoft introduces several callbyneed variants of the machine that implement result sharing via pushing update markers on the stack in a way similar to the TIM and the STG machine. When a sequence of consecutive markers appears on the stack, all but the first cause redundant updates. Improvements related to these sequences have dealt with either the consumption of the markers or the removal of the markers once they appear. Here we present an improvement that eliminates the production of marker sequences of length greater than one. This improvement results in the machine, a more space and time e#cient variant of K. We then apply
On the Expressive Power of the Loop Language
 Nordic Journal of Computing
, 2006
"... imperative programming language similar to the Loop language described by Meyer and Ritchie ..."
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Cited by 4 (4 self)
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imperative programming language similar to the Loop language described by Meyer and Ritchie
The Specialization and Transformation of Constructive Existence Proofs
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE ELEVENTH INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON ARTI INTELLIGENCE
, 1989
"... The transformation of constructive program synthesis proofs is discussed and compared with the more traditional approaches to program transformation. An example system for adapting programs to special situations by transforming constructive synthesis proofs has been reconstructed and is compared wit ..."
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Cited by 3 (1 self)
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The transformation of constructive program synthesis proofs is discussed and compared with the more traditional approaches to program transformation. An example system for adapting programs to special situations by transforming constructive synthesis proofs has been reconstructed and is compared with the original implementation [Goad 80]. A brief account of more general proof transformation applications is also presented. The overall moral is that constructiveexistence proofs contain more information over and above that required for simple execution and that this can be exploited by a proof transformation system.