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347
On agentbased software engineering
 Artificial Intelligence
, 2000
"... Agentoriented techniques represent an exciting new means of analysing, designing and building complex software systems. They have the potential to significantly improve current practice in software engineering and to extend the range of applications that can feasibly be tackled. Yet, to date, there ..."
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Cited by 495 (22 self)
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Agentoriented techniques represent an exciting new means of analysing, designing and building complex software systems. They have the potential to significantly improve current practice in software engineering and to extend the range of applications that can feasibly be tackled. Yet, to date, there have been few serious attempts to cast agent systems as a software engineering paradigm. This paper seeks to rectify this omission. Specifically, it will be argued that: (i) the conceptual apparatus of agentoriented systems is wellsuited to building software solutions for complex systems and (ii) agentoriented approaches represent a genuine advance over the current state of the art for engineering complex systems. Following on from this view, the major issues raised by adopting an agentoriented approach to software engineering are highlighted and discussed. 1.
Alternatingtime Temporal Logic
 Journal of the ACM
, 1997
"... Temporal logic comes in two varieties: lineartime temporal logic assumes implicit universal quantification over all paths that are generated by system moves; branchingtime temporal logic allows explicit existential and universal quantification over all paths. We introduce a third, more general var ..."
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Cited by 455 (47 self)
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Temporal logic comes in two varieties: lineartime temporal logic assumes implicit universal quantification over all paths that are generated by system moves; branchingtime temporal logic allows explicit existential and universal quantification over all paths. We introduce a third, more general variety of temporal logic: alternatingtime temporal logic offers selective quantification over those paths that are possible outcomes of games, such as the game in which the system and the environment alternate moves. While lineartime and branchingtime logics are natural specification languages for closed systems, alternatingtime logics are natural specification languages for open systems. For example, by preceding the temporal operator "eventually" with a selective path quantifier, we can specify that in the game between the system and the environment, the system has a strategy to reach a certain state. Also the problems of receptiveness, realizability, and controllability can be formulated as modelchecking problems for alternatingtime formulas.
Reasoning about Infinite Computations
 Information and Computation
, 1994
"... We investigate extensions of temporal logic by connectives defined by finite automata on infinite words. We consider three different logics, corresponding to three different types of acceptance conditions (finite, looping and repeating) for the automata. It turns out, however, that these logics all ..."
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Cited by 254 (56 self)
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We investigate extensions of temporal logic by connectives defined by finite automata on infinite words. We consider three different logics, corresponding to three different types of acceptance conditions (finite, looping and repeating) for the automata. It turns out, however, that these logics all have the same expressive power and that their decision problems are all PSPACEcomplete. We also investigate connectives defined by alternating automata and show that they do not increase the expressive power of the logic or the complexity of the decision problem. 1 Introduction For many years, logics of programs have been tools for reasoning about the input/output behavior of programs. When dealing with concurrent or nonterminating processes (like operating systems) there is, however, a need to reason about infinite computations. Thus, instead of considering the first and last states of finite computations, we need to consider the infinite sequences of states that the program goes through...
An automatatheoretic approach to linear temporal logic
 Logics for Concurrency: Structure versus Automata, volume 1043 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science
, 1996
"... Abstract. The automatatheoretic approach to linear temporal logic uses the theory of automata as a unifying paradigm for program specification, verification, and synthesis. Both programs and specifications are in essence descriptions of computations. These computations can be viewed as words over s ..."
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Cited by 221 (22 self)
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Abstract. The automatatheoretic approach to linear temporal logic uses the theory of automata as a unifying paradigm for program specification, verification, and synthesis. Both programs and specifications are in essence descriptions of computations. These computations can be viewed as words over some alphabet. Thus,programs and specificationscan be viewed as descriptions of languagesover some alphabet. The automatatheoretic perspective considers the relationships between programs and their specifications as relationships between languages.By translating programs and specifications to automata, questions about programs and their specifications can be reduced to questions about automata. More specifically, questions such as satisfiability of specifications and correctness of programs with respect to their specifications can be reduced to questions such as nonemptiness and containment of automata. Unlike classical automata theory, which focused on automata on finite words, the applications to program specification, verification, and synthesis, use automata on infinite words, since the computations in which we are interested are typically infinite. This paper provides an introduction to the theory of automata on infinite words and demonstrates its applications to program specification, verification, and synthesis. 1
AgentOriented Software Engineering
, 1999
"... Software and knowledge... In this article, we argue that intelligent agents and agentbased systems offer novel opportunities for developing effective tools and techniques. Following a discussion on the classic subject of what makes software complex, we introduce intelligent agents as software struc ..."
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Cited by 204 (17 self)
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Software and knowledge... In this article, we argue that intelligent agents and agentbased systems offer novel opportunities for developing effective tools and techniques. Following a discussion on the classic subject of what makes software complex, we introduce intelligent agents as software structures capable of making "rational decisions". Such rational decisionmakers are wellsuited to the construction of certain types of software, which mainstream software engineering has had little success with. We then go on to examine a number of prototype techniques proposed for engineering agent systems, including formal specification and verification methods for agent systems, and techniques for implementing agent specifications
On the Synthesis of Discrete Controllers for Timed Systems
 in E.W. Mayr and C. Puech (Eds), Proc. STACS'95, LNCS 900
, 1995
"... Abstract. This paper presents algorithms for the automatic synthesis of realtime controllers by nding a winning strategy for certain games de ned by the timedautomata of Alur and Dill. In such games, the outcome depends on the players ' actions as well as on their timing. We believe that thes ..."
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Cited by 189 (20 self)
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Abstract. This paper presents algorithms for the automatic synthesis of realtime controllers by nding a winning strategy for certain games de ned by the timedautomata of Alur and Dill. In such games, the outcome depends on the players ' actions as well as on their timing. We believe that these results will pave theway for the application of program synthesis techniques to the construction of realtime embedded systems from their speci cations. 1
Reasoning about The Past with TwoWay Automata
 In 25th International Colloqium on Automata, Languages and Programming, ICALP ’98
, 1998
"... Abstract. The pcalculus can be viewed as essentially the "ultimate" program logic, as it expressively subsumes all propositional program logics, including dynamic logics, process logics, and temporal logics. It is known that the satisfiability problem for the pcalculus is EXPTIMEcomplete ..."
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Cited by 130 (12 self)
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Abstract. The pcalculus can be viewed as essentially the "ultimate" program logic, as it expressively subsumes all propositional program logics, including dynamic logics, process logics, and temporal logics. It is known that the satisfiability problem for the pcalculus is EXPTIMEcomplete. This upper bound, however, is known for a version of the logic that has only forward modalities, which express weakest preconditions, but not backward modalities, which express strongest postconditions. Our main result in this paper is an exponential time upper bound for the satisfiability problem of the pcalculus with both forward and backward modalities. To get this result we develop a theory of twoway alternating automata on infinite trees. 1
CONTROLLER SYNTHESIS FOR TIMED AUTOMATA
"... In this work we tackle the following problem: given a timed automaton, restrict its transition relation in a systematic way so that all the remaining behaviors satisfy certain properties. This is an extension of the problem of controller synthesis for discrete event dynamical systems, where in addi ..."
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Cited by 120 (15 self)
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In this work we tackle the following problem: given a timed automaton, restrict its transition relation in a systematic way so that all the remaining behaviors satisfy certain properties. This is an extension of the problem of controller synthesis for discrete event dynamical systems, where in addition to choosing among actions, the controller have the option of doing nothing and let the time pass. The problem is formulated using the notion of a realtime game, and a winning strategy is constructed as a fixedpoint of an operator on the space of states and clock configurations.
P.: Agentoriented software engineering: The state of the art
 In: Proceedings of the First International Workshop on AgentOriented Software Engineering
, 2000
"... Abstract. Software engineers continually strive to develop tools and techniques to manage the complexity that is inherent in software systems. In this article, we argue that intelligent agents and multiagent systems are just such tools. We begin by reviewing what is meant by the term “agent”, and c ..."
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Cited by 117 (0 self)
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Abstract. Software engineers continually strive to develop tools and techniques to manage the complexity that is inherent in software systems. In this article, we argue that intelligent agents and multiagent systems are just such tools. We begin by reviewing what is meant by the term “agent”, and contrast agents with objects. We then go on to examine a number of prototype techniques proposed for engineering agent systems, including methodologies for agentoriented analysis and design, formal specification and verification methods for agent systems, and techniques for implementing agent specifications. 1
Synchronous Observers and the Verification of Reactive Systems
 Third Int. Conf. on Algebraic Methodology and Software Technology, AMAST'93, Twente
, 1993
"... This paper is a survey of our specification and verification techniques, in a very general, language independent, framework. Section 1 introduces a simple model of synchronous input/output machines, which will be used throughout the paper. In section 2, we show how such a machine can be designed to ..."
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Cited by 103 (10 self)
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This paper is a survey of our specification and verification techniques, in a very general, language independent, framework. Section 1 introduces a simple model of synchronous input/output machines, which will be used throughout the paper. In section 2, we show how such a machine can be designed to check the satisfaction of a safety property, and we discuss the use of such an observer in program verification. In section 3, we use an observer to restrict the behavior of a machine. This is the basic way for representing assumptions about the environment. Applications to modular and inductive verification are considered. In modular verification, one has to find, by intuition, a property of a subprogram that is strong enough to allow the verification of the whole program without fully considering the subprogram. In section 4, we consider the automatic synthesis of such a property, and in section 5, we investigate the possibility of deducing the subprogram from such a synthesized specification.