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Constant propagation with conditional branches
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1991
"... Constant propagation is a wellknown global flow analysis problem. The goal of constant propagation is to discover values that are constant on all possible executions of a program and to propagate these constant values as far forward through the program as possible. Expressions whose operands are al ..."
Abstract

Cited by 309 (1 self)
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Constant propagation is a wellknown global flow analysis problem. The goal of constant propagation is to discover values that are constant on all possible executions of a program and to propagate these constant values as far forward through the program as possible. Expressions whose operands are all constants can be evaluated at compile time and the results propagated further. Using the algorithms presented in this paper can produce smaller and faster compiled programs. The same algorithms can be used for other kinds of analyses (e.g., type determination). We present four algorithms in this paper, all conservative in the sense that all constants may not be found, but each constant found is constant over all possible executions of the program. These algorithms are among the simplest, fastest, and most powerful global constant propagation algorithms known. We also present a new algorithm that performs a form of interprocedural data flow analysis in which aliasing information is gathered in conjunction with constant propagation. Several variants of this algorithm are considered.