Results 1  10
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10
Wellfounded Trees in Categories
, 1999
"... this paper, we give an abstract 2 categorical characterization of Wtypes. We calculate these Wtypes explicitly in some categories of presheaves and sheaves on a site, and in the gluing category or Freyd cover. (We also have an explicit description in the case of Hyland's realizability topos, whic ..."
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Cited by 38 (6 self)
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this paper, we give an abstract 2 categorical characterization of Wtypes. We calculate these Wtypes explicitly in some categories of presheaves and sheaves on a site, and in the gluing category or Freyd cover. (We also have an explicit description in the case of Hyland's realizability topos, which will be presented in [17].) These explicit calculations can be formalized in a weak predicative metatheory, and lead to the result that if E is any suitably filtered pretopos with dependent products and Wtypes, then so is the category of internal sheaves on a site in E (Remark 5.9). Our paper is organized as follows. In Section 2 we review some standard definitions concerning pretoposes and dependent products. In Section 3 we present the categorical definition of the Wconstruction, and in Section 4 we prove some of its basic functoriality properties; e.g., that it turns coequalizers into equalizers. In Section 5, a construction is presented which to each map between (pre)sheaves of sets associates a sheaf of wellfounded trees, and it is proved that this is in fact the Wtype in the category (pre)sheaves of sets (Theorem 5.6). In Section 6, we discuss the Wconstruction for the Freyd cover. Finally, in Section 7 it is shown how these categorical constructions are not only analogous to but explicitly related to MartinLof type theory. 2 Pretoposes and dependent products
A Pointfree approach to Constructive Analysis in Type Theory
, 1997
"... The first paper in this thesis presents a machine checked formalisation, in MartinLöf's type theory, of pointfree topology with applications to domain theory. In the other papers pointfree topology is used in an approach to constructive analysis. The continuum is defined as a formal space from a ba ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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The first paper in this thesis presents a machine checked formalisation, in MartinLöf's type theory, of pointfree topology with applications to domain theory. In the other papers pointfree topology is used in an approach to constructive analysis. The continuum is defined as a formal space from a base of rational intervals. Then the closed rational interval [a, b] is defined as a formal space, in terms of the continuum, and the HeineBorel covering theorem is proved constructively. The basic definitions for a pointfree approach to functional analysis are given in such a way that the linear functionals from a seminormed linear space to the reals are points of a particular formal space, and in this setting the Alaoglu and the HahnBanach theorems are proved in an entirely constructive way. The proofs have been carried out in intensional MartinLöf type theory with one universe and finitary inductive definitions, and the proofs have also been mechanically checked in an implementation of that system. ...
Aspects of predicative algebraic set theory II: Realizability. Accepted for publication in Theoretical Computer Science
 In Logic Colloquim 2006, Lecture Notes in Logic
, 2009
"... This is the third in a series of papers on algebraic set theory, the aim of which is to develop a categorical semantics for constructive set theories, including predicative ones, based on the notion of a “predicative category with small maps”. 1 In the first paper in this series [8] we discussed how ..."
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Cited by 7 (1 self)
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This is the third in a series of papers on algebraic set theory, the aim of which is to develop a categorical semantics for constructive set theories, including predicative ones, based on the notion of a “predicative category with small maps”. 1 In the first paper in this series [8] we discussed how these predicative categories
Forcing in Proof Theory
 BULL SYMB LOGIC
, 2004
"... Paul Cohen's method of forcing, together with Saul Kripke's related semantics for modal and intuitionistic logic, has had profound effects on a number of branches of mathematical logic, from set theory and model theory to constructive and categorical logic. Here, I argue that forcing also has a pla ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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Paul Cohen's method of forcing, together with Saul Kripke's related semantics for modal and intuitionistic logic, has had profound effects on a number of branches of mathematical logic, from set theory and model theory to constructive and categorical logic. Here, I argue that forcing also has a place in traditional Hilbertstyle proof theory, where the goal is to formalize portions of ordinary mathematics in restricted axiomatic theories, and study those theories in constructive or syntactic terms. I will discuss the aspects of forcing that are useful in this respect, and some sample applications. The latter include ways of obtaining conservation results for classical and intuitionistic theories, interpreting classical theories in constructive ones, and constructivizing modeltheoretic arguments.
Sheaves for predicative toposes
 ArXiv:math.LO/0507480v1
"... Abstract: In this paper, we identify some categorical structures in which one can model predicative formal systems: in other words, predicative analogues of the notion of a topos, with the aim of using sheaf models to interprete predicative formal systems. Among our technical results, we prove that ..."
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Cited by 3 (0 self)
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Abstract: In this paper, we identify some categorical structures in which one can model predicative formal systems: in other words, predicative analogues of the notion of a topos, with the aim of using sheaf models to interprete predicative formal systems. Among our technical results, we prove that all the notions of a “predicative topos ” that we consider, are stable under presheaves, while most are stable under sheaves. 1
A general construction of internal sheaves in algebraic set theory. Preliminary version available at [3
"... Abstract. We present a solution to the problem of defining a counterpart in Algebraic Set Theory of the construction of internal sheaves in Topos Theory. Our approach is general in that we consider sheaves as determined by LawvereTierney coverages, rather than by Grothendieck coverages, and assume ..."
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Cited by 2 (2 self)
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Abstract. We present a solution to the problem of defining a counterpart in Algebraic Set Theory of the construction of internal sheaves in Topos Theory. Our approach is general in that we consider sheaves as determined by LawvereTierney coverages, rather than by Grothendieck coverages, and assume only a weakening of the axioms for small maps originally introduced by Joyal and Moerdijk, thus subsuming the existing topostheoretic results.
Proving Properties of Typed Lambda Terms Using Realizability, Covers, and Sheaves
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1995
"... . The main purpose of this paper is to take apart the reducibility method in order to understand how its pieces fit together, and in particular, to recast the conditions on candidates of reducibility as sheaf conditions. There has been a feeling among experts on this subject that it should be possib ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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. The main purpose of this paper is to take apart the reducibility method in order to understand how its pieces fit together, and in particular, to recast the conditions on candidates of reducibility as sheaf conditions. There has been a feeling among experts on this subject that it should be possible to present the reducibility method using more semantic means, and that a deeper understanding would then be gained. This paper gives mathematical substance to this feeling, by presenting a generalization of the reducibility method based on a semantic notion of realizability which uses the notion of a cover algebra (as in abstract sheaf theory). A key technical ingredient is the introduction a new class of semantic structures equipped with preorders, called preapplicative structures. These structures need not be extensional. In this framework, a general realizability theorem can be shown. Kleene's recursive realizability and a variant of Kreisel's modified realizability both fit into this...
LAWVERETIERNEY SHEAVES IN ALGEBRAIC SET THEORY
"... Abstract. We present a solution to the problem of defining a counterpart in Algebraic Set Theory of the construction of internal sheaves in Topos Theory. Our approach is general in that we consider sheaves as determined by LawvereTierney coverages, rather than by Grothendieck coverages, and assume ..."
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Abstract. We present a solution to the problem of defining a counterpart in Algebraic Set Theory of the construction of internal sheaves in Topos Theory. Our approach is general in that we consider sheaves as determined by LawvereTierney coverages, rather than by Grothendieck coverages, and assume only a weakening of the axioms for small maps originally introduced by Joyal and Moerdijk, thus subsuming the existing topostheoretic results.
Proving Properties of Typed λTerms Using Realizability, Covers, and Sheaves
, 1995
"... The main purpose of this paper is to take apart the reducibility method in order to understand how its pieces t together, and in particular, to recast the conditions on candidates of reducibility as sheaf conditions. There has been a feeling among experts on this subject that it should be possible ..."
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The main purpose of this paper is to take apart the reducibility method in order to understand how its pieces t together, and in particular, to recast the conditions on candidates of reducibility as sheaf conditions. There has been a feeling among experts on this subject that it should be possible to present the reducibility method using more semantic means, and that a deeper understanding would then be gained. This paper gives mathematical substance to this feeling, by presenting a generalization of the reducibility method based on a semantic notion of realizability which uses the notion of a cover algebra (as in abstract sheaf theory). A key technical ingredient is the introduction a new class of semantic structures equipped with preorders, called preapplicative structures. These structures need not be extensional. In this framework, a general realizability theorem can be shown. Kleene's recursive realizability and a variant of Kreisel's modi ed realizability both t into this framework. We are then able to prove a metatheorem which shows that if a property of realizers satis es some simple conditions, then it holds for the semantic interpretations of all terms. Applying this theorem to the special case of the term model, yields a general theorem for proving properties of typedterms, in particular, strong normalization and con uence. This approach clari es the reducibility method by showing that the closure conditions on candidates of reducibility can be viewed as sheaf conditions. The above approach is applied to the simplytypedcalculus (with types!,,+,and?), and to the secondorder (polymorphic)calculus (with types! and 82), for which it yields a new theorem.
researchshowcase@andrew.cmu.edu. LAWVERETIERNEY SHEAVES IN ALGEBRAIC SET THEORY
"... Abstract. We present a solution to the problem of defining a counterpart in Algebraic Set Theory of the construction of internal sheaves in Topos Theory. Our approach is general in that we consider sheaves as determined by LawvereTierney coverages, rather than by Grothendieck coverages, and assume ..."
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Abstract. We present a solution to the problem of defining a counterpart in Algebraic Set Theory of the construction of internal sheaves in Topos Theory. Our approach is general in that we consider sheaves as determined by LawvereTierney coverages, rather than by Grothendieck coverages, and assume only a weakening of the axioms for small maps originally introduced by Joyal and Moerdijk, thus subsuming the existing topostheoretic results.