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79
Schwarz Methods of NeumannNeumann Type for ThreeDimensional Elliptic Finite Element Problems
 Comm. Pure Appl. Math
, 1995
"... . Several domain decomposition methods of NeumannNeumann type are considered for solving the large linear systems of algebraic equations that arise from discretizations of elliptic problems by finite elements. We will only consider problems in three dimensions. Several new variants of the basic alg ..."
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Cited by 90 (21 self)
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. Several domain decomposition methods of NeumannNeumann type are considered for solving the large linear systems of algebraic equations that arise from discretizations of elliptic problems by finite elements. We will only consider problems in three dimensions. Several new variants of the basic algorithm are introduced in a Schwarz method framework that provides tools which have already proven very useful in the design and analysis of other domain decomposition and multilevel methods. The NeumannNeumann algorithms have several advantages over other domain decomposition methods. The subregions, which define the subproblems, only share the boundary degrees of freedom with their neighbors. The subregions can also be of quite arbitrary shape and many of the major components of the preconditioner can be constructed from subprograms available in standard finite element program libraries. However, in its original form, the algorithm lacks a mechanism for global transportation of informatio...
Domain Decomposition Algorithms With Small Overlap
, 1994
"... Numerical experiments have shown that twolevel Schwarz methods often perform very well even if the overlap between neighboring subregions is quite small. This is true to an even greater extent for a related algorithm, due to Barry Smith, where a Schwarz algorithm is applied to the reduced linear ..."
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Cited by 87 (11 self)
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Numerical experiments have shown that twolevel Schwarz methods often perform very well even if the overlap between neighboring subregions is quite small. This is true to an even greater extent for a related algorithm, due to Barry Smith, where a Schwarz algorithm is applied to the reduced linear system of equations that remains after that the variables interior to the subregions have been eliminated. In this paper, a supporting theory is developed.
Multilevel Schwarz Methods For Elliptic Problems With Discontinuous Coefficients In Three Dimensions
 NUMER. MATH
, 1994
"... Multilevel Schwarz methods are developed for a conforming finite element approximation of second order elliptic problems. We focus on problems in three dimensions with possibly large jumps in the coefficients across the interface separating the subregions. We establish a condition number estimate fo ..."
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Cited by 64 (19 self)
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Multilevel Schwarz methods are developed for a conforming finite element approximation of second order elliptic problems. We focus on problems in three dimensions with possibly large jumps in the coefficients across the interface separating the subregions. We establish a condition number estimate for the iterative operator, which is independent of the coefficients, and grows at most as the square of the number of levels. We also characterize a class of distributions of the coefficients, called quasimonotone, for which the weighted L²projection is stable and for which we can use the standard piecewise linear functions as a coarse space. In this case, we obtain optimal methods, i.e. bounds which are independent of the number of levels and subregions. We also design and analyze multilevel methods with new coarse spaces given by simple explicit formulas. We consider nonuniform meshes and conclude by an analysis of multilevel iterative substructuring methods.
Domain decomposition algorithms for indefinite elliptic problems
 SIAM J. Sci. Stat. Comput
, 1992
"... Iterative methods for linear systems of algebraic equations arising from the finite element discretization of nonsymmetric and indefinite elliptic problems are considered. Methods previously known to work well for positive definite, symmetric problems are extended to certain nonsymmetric problems, w ..."
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Cited by 51 (16 self)
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Iterative methods for linear systems of algebraic equations arising from the finite element discretization of nonsymmetric and indefinite elliptic problems are considered. Methods previously known to work well for positive definite, symmetric problems are extended to certain nonsymmetric problems, which can also have some eigenvalues in the left half plane. We first consider an additive Schwarz method applied to linear, second order, symmetric or nonsymmetric, indefinite elliptic boundary value problems in two and three dimensions. An alternative linear system, which has the same solution as the original problem, is derived and this system is then solved by using GMRES, an iterative method of conjugate gradient type. In each iteration step, a coarse mesh finite element problem and a number of local problems are solved on small, overlapping subregions into which the original region is subdivided. We show that the rate of convergence is independent of the number of degrees of freedom and the number of local problems if the coarse mesh is fine enough. The performance of the method in two dimensions is illustrated by results of several numerical experiments. We also consider two other iterative method for solving the same class of elliptic problems in two dimensions. Using an observation of Dryja and Widlund, we show that the rate of convergence of certain iterative substructuring methods deteriorates only quite slowly when the local problems increase in size. A similar result is established for Yserentant’s hierarchical basis method.
Some Nonoverlapping Domain Decomposition Methods
, 1998
"... . The purpose of this paper is to give a unified investigation of a class of nonoverlapping domain decomposition methods for solving secondorder elliptic problems in two and three dimensions. The methods under scrutiny fall into two major categories: the substructuringtype methods and the Neumann ..."
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Cited by 47 (8 self)
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. The purpose of this paper is to give a unified investigation of a class of nonoverlapping domain decomposition methods for solving secondorder elliptic problems in two and three dimensions. The methods under scrutiny fall into two major categories: the substructuringtype methods and the NeumannNeumanntype methods. The basic framework used for analysis is the parallel subspace correction method or additive Schwarz method, and other technical tools include localglobal and globallocal techniques. The analyses for both two and threedimensional cases are carried out simultaneously. Some internal relationships between various algorithms are observed and several new variants of the algorithms are also derived. Key words. nonoverlapping domain decomposition, Schur complement, localglobal and globallocal techniques, jumps in coe#cients, substructuring, NeumannNeumann, balancing methods AMS subject classifications. 65N30, 65N55, 65F10 PII. S0036144596306800 1. Introduction. T...
Additive Schwarz algorithms for parabolic convectiondiffusion equations
 Numer. Math
, 1991
"... In this paper, we consider the solution of linear systems of algebraic equations that arise from parabolic finite element problems. We introduce three additive Schwarz type domain decomposition methods for general, not necessarily selfadjoint, linear, second order, parabolic partial differential equ ..."
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Cited by 44 (6 self)
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In this paper, we consider the solution of linear systems of algebraic equations that arise from parabolic finite element problems. We introduce three additive Schwarz type domain decomposition methods for general, not necessarily selfadjoint, linear, second order, parabolic partial differential equations and also study the convergence rates of these algorithms. The resulting preconditioned linear system of equations is solved by the generalized minimal residual method. Numerical results are also reported. Key words Schwarz’s alternating method, domain decomposition, parabolic convectiondiffusion equation, finite elements. AMS(MOS) subject classifications. 65N30, 65F10 1
A nonoverlapping domain decomposition method for Maxwell’s equations in three dimensions
 SIAM J. Numer. Anal
"... Abstract. We propose a substructuring preconditioner for solving threedimensional elliptic equations with strongly discontinuous coefficients. The new preconditioner can be viewed as a variant of the classical substructuring preconditioner proposed by Bramble, Pasiack and Schatz (1989), but with muc ..."
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Cited by 44 (16 self)
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Abstract. We propose a substructuring preconditioner for solving threedimensional elliptic equations with strongly discontinuous coefficients. The new preconditioner can be viewed as a variant of the classical substructuring preconditioner proposed by Bramble, Pasiack and Schatz (1989), but with much simpler coarse solvers. Though the condition number of the preconditioned system may not have a good bound, we are able to show that the convergence rate of the PCG method with such substructuring preconditioner is nearly optimal, and also robust with respect to the (possibly large) jumps of the coefficient in the elliptic equation. 1.
Preconditioning in H(div) and Applications
 Math. Comp
, 1998
"... . We consider the solution of the system of linear algebraic equations which arises from the finite element discretization of boundary value problems associated to the differential operator I \Gamma grad div. The natural setting for such problems is in the Hilbert space H(div) and the variational fo ..."
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Cited by 38 (5 self)
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. We consider the solution of the system of linear algebraic equations which arises from the finite element discretization of boundary value problems associated to the differential operator I \Gamma grad div. The natural setting for such problems is in the Hilbert space H(div) and the variational formulation is based on the inner product in H(div). We show how to construct preconditioners for these equations using both domain decomposition and multigrid techniques. These preconditioners are shown to be spectrally equivalent to the inverse of the operator. As a consequence, they may be used to precondition iterative methods so that any given error reduction may be achieved in a finite number of iterations, with the number independent of the mesh discretization. We describe applications of these results to the efficient solution of mixed and least squares finite element approximations of elliptic boundary value problems. 1. Introduction The Hilbert space H(div) consists of squareintegr...
Weighted Max Norms, Splittings, and Overlapping Additive Schwarz Iterations
 NUMERISCHE MATHEMATIK
, 1998
"... Weighted maxnorm bounds are obtained for Algebraic Additive Schwarz Iterations with overlapping blocks for the solution of Ax = b, when the coefficient matrix A is an Mmatrix. The case of inexact local solvers is also covered. These bounds are analogous to those that exist using Anorms when the m ..."
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Cited by 34 (16 self)
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Weighted maxnorm bounds are obtained for Algebraic Additive Schwarz Iterations with overlapping blocks for the solution of Ax = b, when the coefficient matrix A is an Mmatrix. The case of inexact local solvers is also covered. These bounds are analogous to those that exist using Anorms when the matrix A is symmetric positive definite. A new theorem concerning P regular splittings is presented, which provides a useful tool for the Anorm bounds. Furthermore, a theory of splittings is developed to represent Algebraic Additive Schwarz Iterations. This representation makes a connection with multisplitting methods. With this representation, and using a comparison theorem, it is shown that a coarse grid correction improves the convergence of Additive Schwarz Iterations when measured in weighted max norm.
A Domain Decomposition Algorithm For Elliptic Problems In Three Dimensions
 NUMER. MATH
, 1991
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