Results 1  10
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11
Construction Of Markovian Coalescents
 Ann. Inst. Henri Poincar'e
, 1997
"... Partitionvalued and measurevalued coalescent Markov processes are constructed whose state describes the decomposition of a finite total mass m into a finite or countably infinite number of masses with sum m, and whose evolution is determined by the following intuitive prescription: each pair of ma ..."
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Cited by 44 (20 self)
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Partitionvalued and measurevalued coalescent Markov processes are constructed whose state describes the decomposition of a finite total mass m into a finite or countably infinite number of masses with sum m, and whose evolution is determined by the following intuitive prescription: each pair of masses of magnitudes x and y runs the risk of a binary collision to form a single mass of magnitude x+y at rate (x; y), for some nonnegative, symmetric collision rate kernel (x; y). Such processes with finitely many masses have been used to model polymerization, coagulation, condensation, and the evolution of galactic clusters by gravitational attraction. With a suitable choice of state space, and under appropriate restrictions on and the initial distribution of mass, it is shown that such processes can be constructed as Feller or Fellerlike processes. A number of further results are obtained for the additive coalescent with collision kernel (x; y) = x + y. This process, which arises fro...
The ζ(2) Limit in the Random Assignment Problem
, 2000
"... The random assignment (or bipartite matching) problem asks about An = min P n i=1 c(i; (i)), where (c(i; j)) is a n \Theta n matrix with i.i.d. entries, say with exponential(1) distribution, and the minimum is over permutations . M'ezard and Parisi (1987) used the replica method from statisti ..."
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Cited by 40 (1 self)
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The random assignment (or bipartite matching) problem asks about An = min P n i=1 c(i; (i)), where (c(i; j)) is a n \Theta n matrix with i.i.d. entries, say with exponential(1) distribution, and the minimum is over permutations . M'ezard and Parisi (1987) used the replica method from statistical physics to argue nonrigorously that EAn ! i(2) = 2 =6. Aldous (1992) identified the limit in terms of a matching problem on a limit infinite tree. Here we construct the optimal matching on the infinite tree. This yields a rigorous proof of the i(2) limit and of the conjectured limit distribution of edgecosts and their rankorders in the optimal matching. It also yields the asymptotic essential uniqueness property: every almostoptimal matching coincides with the optimal matching except on a small proportion of edges. Key words and phrases. Assignment problem, bipartite matching, cavity method, combinatorial optimization, distributional identity, infinite tree, probabilistic a...
Coalescent Random Forests
 J. COMBINATORIAL THEORY A
, 1998
"... Various enumerations of labeled trees and forests, including Cayley's formula n n\Gamma2 for the number of trees labeled by [n], and Cayley's multinomial expansion over trees, are derived from the following coalescent construction of a sequence of random forests (R n ; R n\Gamma1 ; : : : ; R 1 ..."
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Cited by 38 (18 self)
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Various enumerations of labeled trees and forests, including Cayley's formula n n\Gamma2 for the number of trees labeled by [n], and Cayley's multinomial expansion over trees, are derived from the following coalescent construction of a sequence of random forests (R n ; R n\Gamma1 ; : : : ; R 1 ) such that R k has uniform distribution over the set of all forests of k rooted trees labeled by [n]. Let R n be the trivial forest with n root vertices and no edges. For n k 2, given that R n ; : : : ; R k have been defined so that R k is a rooted forest of k trees, define R k\Gamma1 by addition to R k of a single edge picked uniformly at random from the set of n(k \Gamma 1) edges which when added to R k yield a rooted forest of k \Gamma 1 trees. This coalescent construction is related to a model for a physical process of clustering or coagulation, the additive coalescent in which a system of masses is subject to binary coalescent collisions, with each pair of masses of magnitude...
Limit Distributions and Random Trees Derived From the Birthday Problem With Unequal Probabilities
, 1998
"... Given an arbitrary distribution on a countable set S consider the number of independent samples required until the first repeated value is seen. Exact and asymptotic formulae are derived for the distribution of this time and of the times until subsequent repeats. Asymptotic properties of the repeat ..."
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Cited by 26 (14 self)
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Given an arbitrary distribution on a countable set S consider the number of independent samples required until the first repeated value is seen. Exact and asymptotic formulae are derived for the distribution of this time and of the times until subsequent repeats. Asymptotic properties of the repeat times are derived by embedding in a Poisson process. In particular, necessary and sufficient conditions for convergence are given and the possible limits explicitly described. Under the same conditions the finite dimensional distributions of the repeat times converge to the arrival times of suitably modified Poisson processes, and random trees derived from the sequence of independent Research supported in part by N.S.F. Grants DMS 9224857, 9404345, 9224868 and 9703691 trials converge in distribution to an inhomogeneous continuum random tree. 1 Introduction Recall the classical birthday problem: given that each day of the year is equally likely as a possible birthday, and that birth...
Bootstrap percolation on infinite trees and nonamenable groups
 Combinatorics, Probability and Computing
"... Abstract. Bootstrap percolation on an arbitrary graph has a random initial configuration, where each vertex is occupied with probability p, independently of each other, and a deterministic spreading rule with a fixed parameter k: if a vacant site has at least k occupied neighbors at a certain time ..."
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Cited by 22 (5 self)
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Abstract. Bootstrap percolation on an arbitrary graph has a random initial configuration, where each vertex is occupied with probability p, independently of each other, and a deterministic spreading rule with a fixed parameter k: if a vacant site has at least k occupied neighbors at a certain time step, then it becomes occupied in the next step. This process is wellstudied on Z d; here we investigate it on regular and general infinite trees and on nonamenable Cayley graphs. The critical probability is the infimum of those values of p for which the process achieves complete occupation with positive probability. On trees we find the following discontinuity: if the branching number of a tree is strictly smaller than k, then the critical probability is 1, while it is 1 − 1/k on the kary tree. A related result is that in any rooted tree T there is a way of erasing k children of the root, together with all their descendants, and repeating this for all remaining children, and so on, such that the remaining tree T ′ has branching number br(T ′ ) ≤ max{br(T) − k, 0}. We also prove that on any 2kregular nonamenable graph, the critical probability for the krule is strictly positive. 1. Introduction and
AbelCayleyHurwitz multinomial expansions associated with random mappings, forests, and subsets
, 1998
"... Extensions of binomial and multinomial formulae due to Abel, Cayley and Hurwitz are related to the probability distributions of various random subsets, trees, forests, and mappings. For instance, an extension of Hurwitz's binomial formula is associated with the probability distribution of the random ..."
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Cited by 13 (12 self)
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Extensions of binomial and multinomial formulae due to Abel, Cayley and Hurwitz are related to the probability distributions of various random subsets, trees, forests, and mappings. For instance, an extension of Hurwitz's binomial formula is associated with the probability distribution of the random set of vertices of a fringe subtree in a random forest whose distribution is defined by terms of a multinomial expansion over rooted labeled forests which generalizes Cayley's expansion over unrooted labeled trees. Contents 1 Introduction 2 Research supported in part by N.S.F. Grant DMS9703961 2 Probabilistic Interpretations 5 3 Cayley's multinomial expansion 11 4 Random Mappings 14 4.1 Mappings from S to S : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 15 4.2 The random set of cyclic points : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 18 5 Random Forests 19 5.1 Distribution of the roots of a pforest : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 19 5.2 Conditioning on the set...
Random mappings, forests, and subsets associated with AbelCayleyHurwitz multinomial expansions
, 2001
"... Various random combinatorial objects, such as mappings, trees, forests, and subsets of a finite set, are constructed with probability distributions related to the binomial and multinomial expansions due to Abel, Cayley and Hurwitz. Relations between these combinatorial objects, such as Joyal's b ..."
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Cited by 13 (9 self)
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Various random combinatorial objects, such as mappings, trees, forests, and subsets of a finite set, are constructed with probability distributions related to the binomial and multinomial expansions due to Abel, Cayley and Hurwitz. Relations between these combinatorial objects, such as Joyal's bijection between mappings and marked rooted trees, have interesting probabilistic interpretations, and applications to the asymptotic structure of large random trees and mappings. An extension of Hurwitz's binomial formula is associated with the probability distribution of the random set of vertices of a fringe subtree in a random forest whose distribution is defined by terms of a multinomial expansion over rooted labeled forests. Research supported in part by N.S.F. Grants DMS 9703961 and DMS0071448 1 Contents 1
Getting lost in space: Large sample analysis of the commute distance
"... The commute distance between two vertices in a graph is the expected time it takes a random walk to travel from the first to the second vertex and back. We study the behavior of the commute distance as the size of the underlying graph increases. We prove that the commute distance converges to an exp ..."
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Cited by 6 (1 self)
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The commute distance between two vertices in a graph is the expected time it takes a random walk to travel from the first to the second vertex and back. We study the behavior of the commute distance as the size of the underlying graph increases. We prove that the commute distance converges to an expression that does not take into account the structure of the graph at all and that is completely meaningless as a distance function on the graph. Consequently, the use of the raw commute distance for machine learning purposes is strongly discouraged for large graphs and in high dimensions. As an alternative we introduce the amplified commute distance that corrects for the undesired large sample effects. 1