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Characterizing quantum theory in terms of informationtheoretic constraints
 Foundations of Physics
, 2003
"... We show that three fundamental informationtheoretic constraints—the impossibility of superluminal information transfer between two physical systems by performing measurements on one of them, the impossibility of broadcasting the information contained in an unknown physical state, and the impossibil ..."
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Cited by 28 (3 self)
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We show that three fundamental informationtheoretic constraints—the impossibility of superluminal information transfer between two physical systems by performing measurements on one of them, the impossibility of broadcasting the information contained in an unknown physical state, and the impossibility of unconditionally secure bit commitment—suffice to entail that the observables and state space of a physical theory are quantummechanical. We demonstrate the converse derivation in part, and consider the implications of alternative answers to a remaining open question about nonlocality and bit commitment. KEY WORDS: quantum theory; informationtheoretic constraints. Of John Wheeler’s ‘‘Really Big Questions,’ ’ the one on which most progress has been made is It from Bit?—does information play a significant role at the foundations of physics? It is perhaps less ambitious than some of the other Questions, such as How Come Existence?, because it does not necessarily require a metaphysical answer. And unlike, say, Why the Quantum?, it does not require the discovery of new laws of nature: there was room for hope that it might be answered through a better understanding of the laws as we currently know them, particularly those of quantum physics. And this is what has happened: the better understanding is the quantum theory of information and computation. 1
Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle and Quantum Field Theory
, 1997
"... Reichenbach's principle of a probabilistic common cause of probabilistic correlations is formulated in terms of relativistic quantum field theory and the problem is raised whether correlations in relativistic quantum field theory between events represented by projections in local observable algebras ..."
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Cited by 12 (6 self)
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Reichenbach's principle of a probabilistic common cause of probabilistic correlations is formulated in terms of relativistic quantum field theory and the problem is raised whether correlations in relativistic quantum field theory between events represented by projections in local observable algebras A(V1) and A(V2) pertaining to spacelike separated spacetime regions V1 and V2 can be explained by finding a probabilistic common cause of the correlation in Reichenbach's sense. While this problem remains open, it is shown that if all superluminal correlations predicted by the vacuum state between events in A(V1) and A(V2) have a genuinely probabilistic common cause, then the local algebras A(V1) and A(V2) must be statistically independent in the sense of C*independence.