Results 1  10
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20
Notions of Computation and Monads
, 1991
"... The i.calculus is considered a useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with Iterms. However, if one goes further and uses bnconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification is introduced (programs are identified with ..."
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Cited by 884 (16 self)
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The i.calculus is considered a useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with Iterms. However, if one goes further and uses bnconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification is introduced (programs are identified with total functions from calues to values) that may jeopardise the applicability of theoretical results, In this paper we introduce calculi. based on a categorical semantics for computations, that provide a correct basis for proving equivalence of programs for a wide range of notions of computation.
Computational LambdaCalculus and Monads
, 1988
"... The calculus is considered an useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with terms. However, if one goes further and uses fijconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification 1 is introduced, that may jeopardise the ..."
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Cited by 505 (7 self)
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The calculus is considered an useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with terms. However, if one goes further and uses fijconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification 1 is introduced, that may jeopardise the applicability of theoretical results to real situations. In this paper we introduce a new calculus based on a categorical semantics for computations. This calculus provides a correct basis for proving equivalence of programs, independent from any specific computational model. 1 Introduction This paper is about logics for reasoning about programs, in particular for proving equivalence of programs. Following a consolidated tradition in theoretical computer science we identify programs with the closed terms, possibly containing extra constants, corresponding to some features of the programming language under consideration. There are three approaches to proving equivalence of programs: ffl T...
Abstract syntax and variable binding (extended abstract
 In Proc. 14 th LICS
, 1999
"... Abstract We develop a theory of abstract syntax with variable binding. To every binding signature we associate a category of models consisting of variable sets endowed with both a (binding) algebra and a substitution structure compatible with each other. The syntax generated by the signature is the ..."
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Cited by 28 (0 self)
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Abstract We develop a theory of abstract syntax with variable binding. To every binding signature we associate a category of models consisting of variable sets endowed with both a (binding) algebra and a substitution structure compatible with each other. The syntax generated by the signature is the initial model. This gives a notion of initial algebra semantics encompassing the traditional one; besides compositionality, it automatically verifies the semantic substitution lemma.
Deliverables: A Categorical Approach to Program Development in Type Theory
, 1992
"... This thesis considers the problem of program correctness within a rich theory of dependent types, the Extended Calculus of Constructions (ECC). This system contains a powerful programming language of higherorder primitive recursion and higherorder intuitionistic logic. It is supported by Pollack&a ..."
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Cited by 25 (1 self)
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This thesis considers the problem of program correctness within a rich theory of dependent types, the Extended Calculus of Constructions (ECC). This system contains a powerful programming language of higherorder primitive recursion and higherorder intuitionistic logic. It is supported by Pollack's versatile LEGO implementation, which I use extensively to develop the mathematical constructions studied here. I systematically investigate Burstall's notion of deliverable, that is, a program paired with a proof of correctness. This approach separates the concerns of programming and logic, since I want a simple program extraction mechanism. The \Sigmatypes of the calculus enable us to achieve this. There are many similarities with the subset interpretation of MartinLof type theory. I show that deliverables have a rich categorical structure, so that correctness proofs may be decomposed in a principled way. The categorical combinators which I define in the system package up much logical bo...
Two Models of Synthetic Domain Theory
, 1997
"... This paper is concerned with models of SDT encompassing traditional categories of domains used in denotational semantics [7,18], showing that the synthetic approach generalises the standard theory of domains and suggests new problems to it. Consider a (locally small) category of domains D with a (sm ..."
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Cited by 12 (3 self)
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This paper is concerned with models of SDT encompassing traditional categories of domains used in denotational semantics [7,18], showing that the synthetic approach generalises the standard theory of domains and suggests new problems to it. Consider a (locally small) category of domains D with a (small) dense generator G equipped with a Grothendieck topology. Assume further that every cover in G is effective epimorphic in D. Then, by Yoneda, D embeds fully and faithfully in the topos of sheaves on G for the canonical topology, which thus provides a settheoretic universe for our original category of domains. In this paper we explore such a situation for two traditional categories of domains and, in particular, show that the Grothendieck toposes so arising yield models of SDT. In a subsequent paper we will investigate intrinsic characterizations, within our models, of these categories of domains. First, we present a model of SDT embedding the category !Cpo of posets with least upper bounds of countable chains (hence called !complete) and
Orderincompleteness and finite lambda models (Extended Abstract)
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 11TH ANNUAL IEEE SYMPOSIUM ON LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE, IEEE COMPUTER SOCIETY
, 1996
"... Many familiar models of the typefree lambda calculus are constructed by order theoretic methods. This paper provides some basic new facts about ordered models of the lambda calculus. We show that in any partially ordered model that is complete for the theory ofβ orβηconversion, the partial order is ..."
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Cited by 11 (2 self)
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Many familiar models of the typefree lambda calculus are constructed by order theoretic methods. This paper provides some basic new facts about ordered models of the lambda calculus. We show that in any partially ordered model that is complete for the theory ofβ orβηconversion, the partial order is trivial on term denotations. Equivalently, the open and closed term algebras of the typefree lambda calculus cannot be nontrivially partially ordered. Our second result is a syntactical characterization, in terms of socalled generalized Mal’cev operators, of those lambda theories which cannot be induced by any nontrivially partially ordered model. We also consider a notion of finite models for the typefree lambda calculus. We introduce partial syntactical lambda models, which are derived from Plotkin’s syntactical models of reduction, and we investigate how these models can be used as practical tools for giving finitary proofs of term inequalities. We give a 3element model as an example.
Axioms and (Counter)examples in Synthetic Domain Theory
 Annals of Pure and Applied Logic
, 1998
"... this paper we adopt the most popular choice, the internal logic of an elementary topos (with nno), also chosen, e.g., in [23, 8, 26]. The principal benefits are that models of the logic (toposes) are ubiquitous, and the methods for constructing and analysing them are very wellestablished. For the p ..."
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Cited by 9 (7 self)
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this paper we adopt the most popular choice, the internal logic of an elementary topos (with nno), also chosen, e.g., in [23, 8, 26]. The principal benefits are that models of the logic (toposes) are ubiquitous, and the methods for constructing and analysing them are very wellestablished. For the purposes of the axiomatic part of this paper, we believe that it would also be
Computational Adequacy for Recursive Types in Models of Intuitionistic Set Theory
 In Proc. 17th IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
, 2003
"... This paper provides a unifying axiomatic account of the interpretation of recursive types that incorporates both domaintheoretic and realizability models as concrete instances. Our approach is to view such models as full subcategories of categorical models of intuitionistic set theory. It is shown ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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This paper provides a unifying axiomatic account of the interpretation of recursive types that incorporates both domaintheoretic and realizability models as concrete instances. Our approach is to view such models as full subcategories of categorical models of intuitionistic set theory. It is shown that the existence of solutions to recursive domain equations depends upon the strength of the set theory. We observe that the internal set theory of an elementary topos is not strong enough to guarantee their existence. In contrast, as our first main result, we establish that solutions to recursive domain equations do exist when the category of sets is a model of full intuitionistic ZermeloFraenkel set theory. We then apply this result to obtain a denotational interpretation of FPC, a recursively typed lambdacalculus with callbyvalue operational semantics. By exploiting the intuitionistic logic of the ambient model of intuitionistic set theory, we analyse the relationship between operational and denotational semantics. We first prove an “internal ” computational adequacy theorem: the model always believes that the operational and denotational notions of termination agree. This allows us to identify, as our second main result, a necessary and sufficient condition for genuine “external ” computational adequacy to hold, i.e. for the operational and denotational notions of termination to coincide in the real world. The condition is formulated as a simple property of the internal logic, related to the logical notion of 1consistency. We provide useful sufficient conditions for establishing that the logical property holds in practice. Finally, we outline how the methods of the paper may be applied to concrete models of FPC. In doing so, we obtain computational adequacy results for an extensive range of realizability and domaintheoretic models.
Enrichment and Representation Theorems for Categories of Domains and Continuous Functions
, 1996
"... This paper studies the notions of approximation and passage to the limit in an axiomatic setting. Our axiomatisation is subject to the following criteria: the axioms should be natural (so that they are available in as many contexts as possible) and nonordertheoretic (so that Research supported b ..."
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Cited by 8 (5 self)
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This paper studies the notions of approximation and passage to the limit in an axiomatic setting. Our axiomatisation is subject to the following criteria: the axioms should be natural (so that they are available in as many contexts as possible) and nonordertheoretic (so that Research supported by SERC grant RR30735 and EC project Programming Language Semantics and Program Logics grant SC1000 795 they explain the ordertheoretic structure). Our aim is 1. to provide a justification of Scott's original consideration of ordered structures, and 2. to deepen our understanding of the notion of passage to the limit