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298
Measuring and testing the impact of news on volatility
 Journal of Finance
, 1993
"... This paper introduces the News Impact Curve to measure how new information is incorporated into volatility estimates. A variety of new and existing ARCH models are compared and estimated with daily Japanese stock return data to determine the shape of the News Impact Curve. New diagnostic tests are p ..."
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Cited by 339 (11 self)
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This paper introduces the News Impact Curve to measure how new information is incorporated into volatility estimates. A variety of new and existing ARCH models are compared and estimated with daily Japanese stock return data to determine the shape of the News Impact Curve. New diagnostic tests are presented which emphasize the asymmetry of the volatility response to news. A partially nonparametric ARCH model is introduced to allow the data to estimate this shape. A comparison of this model with the existing models suggests that the best models are one by Glosten Jaganathan and Runkle (GJR) and Nelson's EGARCE. Similar results hold on a precrash sample period but are less strong.
Expected stock returns and volatility
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1987
"... This paper examines the relation between stock returns and stock market volatility. We find evidence that the expected market risk premium (the expected return on a stock portfolio minus the Treasury bill yield) is positively related to the predictable volatility of stock returns. There is also evid ..."
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Cited by 337 (8 self)
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This paper examines the relation between stock returns and stock market volatility. We find evidence that the expected market risk premium (the expected return on a stock portfolio minus the Treasury bill yield) is positively related to the predictable volatility of stock returns. There is also evidence that unexpected stock market returns are negatively related to the unexpected change in the volatility of stock returns. This negative relation provides indirect evidence of a positive relation between expected risk premiums and volatility. 1.
Have Individual Stocks Become More Volatile? An Empirical Exploration of Idiosyncratic Risk
 THE JOURNAL OF FINANCE • VOL. LVI
, 2001
"... This paper uses a disaggregated approach to study the volatility of common stocks at the market, industry, and firm levels. Over the period 1962–1997 there has been a noticeable increase in firmlevel volatility relative to market volatility. Accordingly, correlations among individual stocks and the ..."
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Cited by 270 (13 self)
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This paper uses a disaggregated approach to study the volatility of common stocks at the market, industry, and firm levels. Over the period 1962–1997 there has been a noticeable increase in firmlevel volatility relative to market volatility. Accordingly, correlations among individual stocks and the explanatory power of the market model for a typical stock have declined, whereas the number of stocks needed to achieve a given level of diversification has increased. All the volatility measures move together countercyclically and help to predict GDP growth. Market volatility tends to lead the other volatility series. Factors that may be responsible for these findings are suggested.
On estimating the expected return on the market  an exploratory investigation
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1980
"... The expected market return is a number frequently required for the solution of many investment and corporate tinance problems, but by comparison with other tinancial variables, there has been little research on estimating this expected return. Current practice for estimating the expected market retu ..."
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Cited by 245 (1 self)
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The expected market return is a number frequently required for the solution of many investment and corporate tinance problems, but by comparison with other tinancial variables, there has been little research on estimating this expected return. Current practice for estimating the expected market return adds the historical average realized excess market returns to the current observed interest rate. While this model explicitly reflects the dependence of the market return on the interest rate, it fails to account for the effect of changes in the level of market risk. Three models of equilibrium expected market returns which reflect this dependence are analyzed in this paper. Estimation procedures which incorporate the prior restriction that equilibrium expected excess returns on the market must be positive are derived and applied to return data for the period 19261978. The principal conclusions from this exploratory investigation are: (1) in estimating models of the expected market return, the nonnegativity restriction of the expected excess return should be explicitly included as part of the specification; (2) estimators which use realized returns should be adjusted for heteroscedasticity. 1.
The JumpRisk Premia Implicit in Options: Evidence from an Integrated TimeSeries Study
 Journal of Financial Economics
"... Abstract: This paper examines the joint time series of the S&P 500 index and nearthemoney shortdated option prices with an arbitragefree model, capturing both stochastic volatility and jumps. Jumprisk premia uncovered from the joint data respond quickly to market volatility, becoming more promi ..."
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Cited by 210 (1 self)
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Abstract: This paper examines the joint time series of the S&P 500 index and nearthemoney shortdated option prices with an arbitragefree model, capturing both stochastic volatility and jumps. Jumprisk premia uncovered from the joint data respond quickly to market volatility, becoming more prominent during volatile markets. This form of jumprisk premia is important not only in reconciling the dynamics implied by the joint data, but also in explaining the volatility “smirks” of crosssectional options data.
Implied Volatility Functions: Empirical Tests
, 1995
"... Black and Scholes (1973) implied volatilities tend to be systematically related to the option's exercise price and time to expiration. Derman and Kani (1994), Dupire (1994), and Rubinstein (1994) attribute this behavior to the fact that the Black/Scholes constant volatility assumption is violated in ..."
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Cited by 167 (2 self)
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Black and Scholes (1973) implied volatilities tend to be systematically related to the option's exercise price and time to expiration. Derman and Kani (1994), Dupire (1994), and Rubinstein (1994) attribute this behavior to the fact that the Black/Scholes constant volatility assumption is violated in practice. These authors hypothesize that the volatility of the underlying asset's return is a deterministic function of the asset price and time. Since the volatility function in their model has an arbitrary specification, the deterministic volatility (DV) option valuation model has the potential of fitting the observed crosssection of option prices exactly. Using a sample of S&P 500 index options during the period June 1988 and December 1993, we attempt to evaluate the economic significance of the implied volatility function by examining the predictive and hedging performance of the DV option valuation model. Discussion draft: September 8, 1995 ____________________________________________...
Post'87 Crash Fears in the S&P 500 Futures Option Market
, 1998
"... Postcrash distributions inferred from S ..."
Power and Bipower Variation with Stochastic Volatility and Jumps
, 2003
"... This paper shows that realised power variation and its extension we introduce here called realised bipower variation is somewhat robust to rare jumps. We show realised bipower variation estimates integrated variance in SV models  thus providing a model free and consistent alternative to realis ..."
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Cited by 145 (21 self)
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This paper shows that realised power variation and its extension we introduce here called realised bipower variation is somewhat robust to rare jumps. We show realised bipower variation estimates integrated variance in SV models  thus providing a model free and consistent alternative to realised variance. Its robustness property means that if we have an SV plus infrequent jumps process then the di#erence between realised variance and realised bipower variation estimates the quadratic variation of the jump component. This seems to be the first method which can divide up quadratic variation into its continuous and jump components. Various extensions are given. Proofs of special cases of these results are given.
Stock Market Overreaction to Bad News in Good Times: A Rational Expectations Equilibrium Model
, 1999
"... This paper presents a dynamic, rational expectations equilibrium model of asset prices where the drift of fundamentals (dividends) shifts between two unobservable states at random times. I show that in equilibrium, investors' willingness to hedge against changes in their own "uncertainty" on the tru ..."
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Cited by 124 (9 self)
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This paper presents a dynamic, rational expectations equilibrium model of asset prices where the drift of fundamentals (dividends) shifts between two unobservable states at random times. I show that in equilibrium, investors' willingness to hedge against changes in their own "uncertainty" on the true state makes stock prices overreact to bad news in good times and underreact to good news in bad times. I then show that this model is better able than con ventional models with no regime shifts to explain features of stock returns, including volatility clustering, "leverage effects," excess volatility and timevarying expected returns.