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Fuzzy extractors: How to generate strong keys from biometrics and other noisy data. Technical Report 2003/235, Cryptology ePrint archive, http://eprint.iacr.org, 2006. Previous version appeared at EUROCRYPT 2004
 34 [DRS07] [DS05] [EHMS00] [FJ01] Yevgeniy Dodis, Leonid Reyzin, and Adam
, 2004
"... We provide formal definitions and efficient secure techniques for • turning noisy information into keys usable for any cryptographic application, and, in particular, • reliably and securely authenticating biometric data. Our techniques apply not just to biometric information, but to any keying mater ..."
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Cited by 292 (35 self)
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We provide formal definitions and efficient secure techniques for • turning noisy information into keys usable for any cryptographic application, and, in particular, • reliably and securely authenticating biometric data. Our techniques apply not just to biometric information, but to any keying material that, unlike traditional cryptographic keys, is (1) not reproducible precisely and (2) not distributed uniformly. We propose two primitives: a fuzzy extractor reliably extracts nearly uniform randomness R from its input; the extraction is errortolerant in the sense that R will be the same even if the input changes, as long as it remains reasonably close to the original. Thus, R can be used as a key in a cryptographic application. A secure sketch produces public information about its input w that does not reveal w, and yet allows exact recovery of w given another value that is close to w. Thus, it can be used to reliably reproduce errorprone biometric inputs without incurring the security risk inherent in storing them. We define the primitives to be both formally secure and versatile, generalizing much prior work. In addition, we provide nearly optimal constructions of both primitives for various measures of “closeness” of input data, such as Hamming distance, edit distance, and set difference.
A New Polynomial Factorization Algorithm and its Implementation
 Journal of Symbolic Computation
, 1996
"... We consider the problem of factoring univariate polynomials over a finite field. We demonstrate that the new baby step/giant step factoring method, recently developed by Kaltofen & Shoup, can be made into a very practical algorithm. We describe an implementation of this algorithm, and present the re ..."
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Cited by 64 (5 self)
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We consider the problem of factoring univariate polynomials over a finite field. We demonstrate that the new baby step/giant step factoring method, recently developed by Kaltofen & Shoup, can be made into a very practical algorithm. We describe an implementation of this algorithm, and present the results of empirical tests comparing this new algorithm with others. When factoring polynomials modulo large primes, the algorithm allows much larger polynomials to be factored using a reasonable amount of time and space than was previously possible. For example, this new software has been used to factor a "generic" polynomial of degree 2048 modulo a 2048bit prime in under 12 days on a Sun SPARCstation 10, using 68 MB of main memory. 1 Introduction We consider the problem of factoring a univariate polynomial of degree n over the field F p of p elements, where p is prime. This problem has been wellstudied, and many algorithms for its solution have been proposed. In general, the running tim...
Factoring Multivariate Polynomials via Partial Differential Equations
 Math. Comput
, 2000
"... A new method is presented for factorization of bivariate polynomials over any field of characteristic zero or of relatively large characteristic. It is based on a simple partial differential equation that gives a system of linear equations. Like Berlekamp's and Niederreiter's algorithms for factorin ..."
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Cited by 51 (9 self)
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A new method is presented for factorization of bivariate polynomials over any field of characteristic zero or of relatively large characteristic. It is based on a simple partial differential equation that gives a system of linear equations. Like Berlekamp's and Niederreiter's algorithms for factoring univariate polynomials, the dimension of the solution space of the linear system is equal to the number of absolutely irreducible factors of the polynomial to be factored and any basis for the solution space gives a complete factorization by computing gcd's and by factoring univariate polynomials over the ground field. The new method finds absolute and rational factorizations simultaneously and is easy to implement for finite fields, local fields, number fields, and the complex number field. The theory of the new method allows an effective Hilbert irreducibility theorem, thus an efficient reduction of polynomials from multivariate to bivariate.
Searching for Primitive Roots in Finite Fields
, 1992
"... Let GF(p n ) be the finite field with p n elements where p is prime. We consider the problem of how to deterministically generate in polynomial time a subset of GF(p n ) that contains a primitive root, i.e., an element that generates the multiplicative group of nonzero elements in GF(p n ). ..."
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Cited by 40 (3 self)
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Let GF(p n ) be the finite field with p n elements where p is prime. We consider the problem of how to deterministically generate in polynomial time a subset of GF(p n ) that contains a primitive root, i.e., an element that generates the multiplicative group of nonzero elements in GF(p n ). We present three results. First, we present a solution to this problem for the case where p is small, i.e., p = n O(1) . Second, we present a solution to this problem under the assumption of the Extended Riemann Hypothesis (ERH) for the case where p is large and n = 2. Third, we give a quantitative improvement of a theorem of Wang on the least primitive root for GF(p) assuming the ERH. Appeared in Mathematics of Computation 58, pp. 369380, 1992. An earlier version of this paper appeared in the 22nd Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing (1990), pp. 546554. 1980 Mathematics Subject Classification (1985 revision): 11T06. 1. Introduction Consider the problem of finding a primitive ...
Fast Polynomial Factorization Over High Algebraic Extensions of Finite Fields
 In Kuchlin [1997
, 1997
"... New algorithms are presented for factoring polynomials of degree n over the finite field of q elements, where q is a power of a fixed prime number. When log q = n 1+a , where a ? 0 is constant, these algorithms are asymptotically faster than previous known algorithms, the fastest of which require ..."
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Cited by 21 (5 self)
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New algorithms are presented for factoring polynomials of degree n over the finite field of q elements, where q is a power of a fixed prime number. When log q = n 1+a , where a ? 0 is constant, these algorithms are asymptotically faster than previous known algorithms, the fastest of which required time \Omega\Gamma n(log q) 2 ), y or \Omega\Gamma n 3+2a ) in this case, which corresponds to the cost of computing x q modulo an n degree polynomial. The new algorithms factor an arbitrary polynomial in time O(n 3+a+o(1) +n 2:69+1:69a ). All measures are in fixed precision operations, that is in bit complexity. Moreover, in the special case where all the irreducible factors have the same degree, the new algorithms run in time O(n 2:69+1:69a ). In particular, one may test a polynomial for irreducibility in O(n 2:69+1:69a ) bit operations. These results generalize to the case where q = p k , where p is a small prime number relative to q. 1 Introduction The expected run...
Fast Computation of Special Resultants
, 2006
"... We propose fast algorithms for computing composed products and composed sums, as well as diamond products of univariate polynomials. These operations correspond to special multivariate resultants, that we compute using power sums of roots of polynomials, by means of their generating series. ..."
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Cited by 20 (8 self)
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We propose fast algorithms for computing composed products and composed sums, as well as diamond products of univariate polynomials. These operations correspond to special multivariate resultants, that we compute using power sums of roots of polynomials, by means of their generating series.
Factoring into Coprimes in Essentially Linear Time
"... . Let S be a nite set of positive integers. A \coprime base for S" means a set P of positive integers such that (1) each element of P is coprime to every other element of P and (2) each element of S is a product of powers of elements of P . There is a natural coprime base for S. This paper introduc ..."
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Cited by 16 (2 self)
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. Let S be a nite set of positive integers. A \coprime base for S" means a set P of positive integers such that (1) each element of P is coprime to every other element of P and (2) each element of S is a product of powers of elements of P . There is a natural coprime base for S. This paper introduces an algorithm that computes the natural coprime base for S in essentially linear time. The best previous result was a quadratictime algorithm of Bach, Driscoll, and Shallit. This paper also shows how to factor S into elements of P in essentially linear time. The algorithms apply to any free commutative monoid with fast algorithms for multiplication, division, and greatest common divisors; e.g., monic polynomials over a eld. They can be used as a substitute for prime factorization in many applications. 1.
Composing Power Series over a Finite Ring in Essentially Linear Time
, 1998
"... This paper presents an algorithm that computes the first n terms of the composition u(v), given the first n terms of u and v,inn ring operations. The algorithm is very fast in practice when R has small characteristic ..."
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Cited by 14 (0 self)
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This paper presents an algorithm that computes the first n terms of the composition u(v), given the first n terms of u and v,inn ring operations. The algorithm is very fast in practice when R has small characteristic
The Complete Analysis of a Polynomial Factorization Algorithm Over Finite Fields
, 2001
"... This paper derives basic probabilistic properties of random polynomials over finite fields that are of interest in the study of polynomial factorization algorithms. We show that the main characteristics of random polynomial can be treated systematically by methods of "analytic combinatorics" based o ..."
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Cited by 14 (3 self)
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This paper derives basic probabilistic properties of random polynomials over finite fields that are of interest in the study of polynomial factorization algorithms. We show that the main characteristics of random polynomial can be treated systematically by methods of "analytic combinatorics" based on the combined use of generating functions and of singularity analysis. Our object of study is the classical factorization chain which is described in Fig. 1 and which, despite its simplicity, does not appear to have been totally analysed so far. In this paper, we provide a complete averagecase analysis.