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82
Probabilistic skylines on uncertain data
 In Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Very Large Data Bases (VLDB’07), Viena
, 2007
"... Uncertain data are inherent in some important applications. Although a considerable amount of research has been dedicated to modeling uncertain data and answering some types of queries on uncertain data, how to conduct advanced analysis on uncertain data remains an open problem at large. In this pap ..."
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Cited by 97 (21 self)
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Uncertain data are inherent in some important applications. Although a considerable amount of research has been dedicated to modeling uncertain data and answering some types of queries on uncertain data, how to conduct advanced analysis on uncertain data remains an open problem at large. In this paper, we tackle the problem of skyline analysis on uncertain data. We propose a novel probabilistic skyline model where an uncertain object may take a probability to be in the skyline, and a pskyline contains all the objects whose skyline probabilities are at least p. Computing probabilistic skylines on large uncertain data sets is challenging. We develop two efficient algorithms. The bottomup algorithm computes the skyline probabilities of some selected instances of uncertain objects, and uses those instances to prune other instances and uncertain objects effectively. The topdown algorithm recursively partitions the instances of uncertain objects into subsets, and prunes subsets and objects aggressively. Our experimental results on both the real NBA player data set and the benchmark synthetic data sets show that probabilistic skylines are interesting and useful, and our two algorithms are efficient on large data sets, and complementary to each other in performance. 1.
Selecting Stars: The k Most Representative Skyline Operator
 In Proc. of the Int. IEEE Conf. on Data Engineering (ICDE
, 2007
"... Skyline computation has many applications including multicriteria decision making. In this paper, we study the problem of selecting k skyline points so that the number of points, which are dominated by at least one of these k skyline points, is maximized. We first present an efficient dynamic progr ..."
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Cited by 88 (2 self)
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Skyline computation has many applications including multicriteria decision making. In this paper, we study the problem of selecting k skyline points so that the number of points, which are dominated by at least one of these k skyline points, is maximized. We first present an efficient dynamic programming based exact algorithm in a 2dspace. Then, we show that the problem is NPhard when the dimensionality is 3 or more and it can be approximately solved by a polynomial time algorithm with the guaranteed approximation ratio 1 − 1 e. To speedup the computation, an efficient, scalable, indexbased randomized algorithm is developed by applying the FM probabilistic counting technique. A comprehensive performance evaluation demonstrates that our randomized technique is very efficient, highly accurate, and scalable. 1.
Efficient Computation of the Skyline Cube
 IN VLDB
, 2005
"... Skyline has been proposed as an important operator for multicriteria decision making, data mining and visualization, and userpreference queries. In this paper, we consider the problem of efficiently computing a Skycube, which consists of skylines of all possible nonempty subsets of a given ..."
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Cited by 67 (5 self)
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Skyline has been proposed as an important operator for multicriteria decision making, data mining and visualization, and userpreference queries. In this paper, we consider the problem of efficiently computing a Skycube, which consists of skylines of all possible nonempty subsets of a given set of dimensions. While existing skyline computation algorithms can be immediately extended to computing each skyline query independently, such "sharednothing" algorithms are inefficient. We develop several computation sharing strategies based on e#ectively identifying the computation dependencies among multiple related skyline queries. Based on these sharing strategies, two novel algorithms, BottomUp and TopDown algorithms, are proposed to compute Skycube efficiently. Finally, our extensive performance evaluations confirm the effectiveness of the sharing strategies. It is
Efficient Computation of Reverse Skyline Queries
, 2007
"... In this paper, for the first time, we introduce the concept of Reverse Skyline Queries. At first, we consider for a multidimensional data set P the problem of dynamic skyline queries according to a query point q. This kind of dynamic skyline corresponds to the skyline of a transformed data space whe ..."
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Cited by 59 (0 self)
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In this paper, for the first time, we introduce the concept of Reverse Skyline Queries. At first, we consider for a multidimensional data set P the problem of dynamic skyline queries according to a query point q. This kind of dynamic skyline corresponds to the skyline of a transformed data space where point q becomes the origin and all points of P are represented by their distance vector to q. The reverse skyline query returns the objects whose dynamic skyline contains the query object q. In order to compute the reverse skyline of an arbitrary query point, we first propose a Branch and Bound algorithm (called BBRS), which is an improved customization of the original BBS algorithm. Furthermore, we identify a super set of the reverse skyline that is used to bound the search space while computing the reverse skyline. To further reduce the computational cost of determining if a point belongs to the reverse skyline, we propose an enhanced algorithm (called RSSA) that is based on accurate precomputed approximations of the skylines. These approximations are used to identify whether a point belongs to the reverse skyline or not. Through extensive experiments with both realworld and synthetic datasets, we show that our algorithms can efficiently support reverse skyline queries. Our enhanced approach improves reversed skyline processing by up to an order of magnitude compared to the algorithm without the usage of precomputed approximations.
On High Dimensional Skylines
 EDBT 2006
, 2006
"... In many decisionmaking applications, the skyline query is frequently used to find a set of dominating data points (called skyline points) in a multidimensional dataset. In a highdimensional space skyline points no longer offer any interesting insights as there are too many of them. In this paper ..."
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Cited by 50 (6 self)
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In many decisionmaking applications, the skyline query is frequently used to find a set of dominating data points (called skyline points) in a multidimensional dataset. In a highdimensional space skyline points no longer offer any interesting insights as there are too many of them. In this paper, we introduce a novel metric, called skyline frequency that compares and ranks the interestingness of data points based on how often they are returned in the skyline when different number of dimensions (i.e., subspaces) are considered. Intuitively, a point with a high skyline frequency is more interesting as it can be dominated on fewer combinations of the dimensions. Thus, the problem becomes one of finding topk frequent skyline points. But the algorithms thus far proposed for skyline computation typically do not scale well with dimensionality. Moreover, frequent skyline computation requires that skylines be computed for each of an exponential number of subsets of the dimensions. We present efficient approximate algorithms to address these twin difficulties. Our extensive performance study shows that our approximate algorithm can run fast and compute the correct result on large data sets in highdimensional spaces.
Parallelizing skyline queries for scalable distribution
 In EDBT’06
, 2006
"... Abstract. Skyline queries help users make intelligent decisions over complex data, where different and often conflicting criteria are considered. Current skyline computation methods are restricted to centralized query processors, limiting scalability and imposing a single point of failure. In this p ..."
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Cited by 48 (2 self)
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Abstract. Skyline queries help users make intelligent decisions over complex data, where different and often conflicting criteria are considered. Current skyline computation methods are restricted to centralized query processors, limiting scalability and imposing a single point of failure. In this paper, we address the problem of parallelizing skyline query execution over a large number of machines by leveraging contentbased data partitioning. We present a novel distributed skyline query processing algorithm (DSL) that discovers skyline points progressively. We propose two mechanisms, recursive region partitioning and dynamic region encoding, to enforce a partial order on query propagation in order to pipeline query execution. Our analysis shows that DSL is optimal in terms of the total number of local query invocations across all machines. In addition, simulations and measurements of a deployed system show that our system load balances communication and processing costs across cluster machines, providing incremental scalability and significant performance improvement over alternative distribution mechanisms. 1
SUBSKY: Efficient computation of skylines in subspaces
 In ICDE
, 2006
"... Given a set of multidimensional points, the skyline contains the best points according to any preference function that is monotone on all axes. In practice, applications that require skyline analysis usually provide numerous candidate attributes, and various users depending on their interests may i ..."
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Cited by 47 (7 self)
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Given a set of multidimensional points, the skyline contains the best points according to any preference function that is monotone on all axes. In practice, applications that require skyline analysis usually provide numerous candidate attributes, and various users depending on their interests may issue queries regarding different (small) subsets of the dimensions. Formally, given a relation with a large number (e.g.,> 10) of attributes, a query aims at finding the skyline in an arbitrary subspace with a low dimensionality (e.g., 2). The existing algorithms do not support subspace skyline retrieval efficiently because they (i) require scanning the entire database at least once, or (ii) are optimized for one particular subspace but incur significant overhead for other subspaces. In this paper, we propose a technique SUBSKY which settles the problem using a single Btree, and can be implemented in any relational database. The core of SUBSKY is a transformation that converts multidimensional data to 1D values, and enables several effective pruning heuristics. Extensive experiments with real data confirm that SUBSKY outperforms alternative approaches significantly in both efficiency and scalability. 1
Efficient Skyline Computation over LowCardinality Domains
, 2007
"... Current skyline evaluation techniques follow a common paradigm that eliminates data elements from skyline consideration by finding other elements in the dataset that dominate them. The performance of such techniques is heavily influenced by the underlying data distribution (i.e. whether the dataset ..."
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Cited by 47 (1 self)
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Current skyline evaluation techniques follow a common paradigm that eliminates data elements from skyline consideration by finding other elements in the dataset that dominate them. The performance of such techniques is heavily influenced by the underlying data distribution (i.e. whether the dataset attributes are correlated, independent, or anticorrelated). In this paper, we propose the Lattice Skyline Algorithm (LS) that is built around a new paradigm for skyline evaluation on datasets with attributes that are drawn from lowcardinality domains. LS continues to apply even if one attribute has high cardinality. Many skyline applications naturally have such data characteristics, and previous skyline methods have not exploited this property. We show that for typical dimensionalities, the complexity of LS is linear in the number of input tuples. Furthermore, we show that the performance of LS is independent of the input data distribution. Finally, we demonstrate through extensive experimentation on both real and synthetic datasets that LS can result in a significant performance advantage over existing techniques.
Refreshing the sky: the compressed skycube with efficient support for frequent updates
 In SIGMOD
, 2006
"... The skyline query is important in many applications such as multicriteria decision making, data mining, and userpreference queries. Given a set of ddimensional objects, the skyline query finds the objects that are not dominated by others. In practice, different users may be interested in different ..."
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Cited by 43 (0 self)
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The skyline query is important in many applications such as multicriteria decision making, data mining, and userpreference queries. Given a set of ddimensional objects, the skyline query finds the objects that are not dominated by others. In practice, different users may be interested in different dimensions of the data, and issue queries on any subset of d dimensions. This paper focuses on supporting concurrent and unpredictable subspace skyline queries in frequent updated databases. Simply to compute and store the skyline objects of every subspace in a skycube will incur expensive update cost. In this paper, we investigate the important issue of updating the skycube in a dynamic environment. To balance the query cost and update cost, we propose a new structure, the compressed skycube, which concisely represents the complete skycube. We thoroughly explore the properties of the compressed skycube and provide an efficient objectaware update scheme. Experimental results show that the compressed skycube is both query and update efficient. 1.
Distancebased Representative Skyline
"... Abstract — Given an integer k, arepresentative skyline contains the k skyline points that best describe the tradeoffs among different dimensions offered by the full skyline. Although this topic has been previously studied, the existing solution may sometimes produce k points that appear in an arbitr ..."
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Cited by 40 (1 self)
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Abstract — Given an integer k, arepresentative skyline contains the k skyline points that best describe the tradeoffs among different dimensions offered by the full skyline. Although this topic has been previously studied, the existing solution may sometimes produce k points that appear in an arbitrarily tiny cluster, and therefore, fail to be representative. Motivated by this, we propose a new definition of representative skyline that minimizes the distance between a nonrepresentative skyline point and its nearest representative. We also study algorithms for computing distancebased representative skylines. In 2D space, there is a dynamic programming algorithm that guarantees the optimal solution. For dimensionality at least 3, we prove that the problem is NPhard, and give a 2approximate polynomial time algorithm. Using a multidimensional access method, our algorithm can directly report the representative skyline, without retrieving the full skyline. We show that our representative skyline not only better captures the contour of the entire skyline than the previous method, but also can be computed much faster. I.