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417
Neurofuzzy modeling and control
 IEEE Proceedings
, 1995
"... Abstract  Fundamental and advanced developments in neurofuzzy synergisms for modeling and control are reviewed. The essential part of neurofuzzy synergisms comes from a common framework called adaptive networks, which uni es both neural networks and fuzzy models. The fuzzy models under the framew ..."
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Cited by 147 (1 self)
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Abstract  Fundamental and advanced developments in neurofuzzy synergisms for modeling and control are reviewed. The essential part of neurofuzzy synergisms comes from a common framework called adaptive networks, which uni es both neural networks and fuzzy models. The fuzzy models under the framework of adaptive networks is called ANFIS (AdaptiveNetworkbased Fuzzy Inference System), which possess certain advantages over neural networks. We introduce the design methods for ANFIS in both modeling and control applications. Current problems and future directions for neurofuzzy approaches are also addressed. KeywordsFuzzy logic, neural networks, fuzzy modeling, neurofuzzy modeling, neurofuzzy control, ANFIS. I.
Adaptive representation of dynamics during learning of a motor task
 Journal of Neuroscience
, 1994
"... Contents: 46 pages, including 1 appendix, 1 table, and 16 gures. ..."
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Cited by 147 (19 self)
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Contents: 46 pages, including 1 appendix, 1 table, and 16 gures.
Gaussian Networks for Direct Adaptive Control
 IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks
, 1991
"... A direct adaptive tracking control architecture is proposed and evaluated for a class of continuous time nonlinear dynamic systems for which an explicit linear parameterization of the uncertainty in the dynamics is either unknown or impossible. The architecture employs a network of gaussian radial ..."
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Cited by 133 (8 self)
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A direct adaptive tracking control architecture is proposed and evaluated for a class of continuous time nonlinear dynamic systems for which an explicit linear parameterization of the uncertainty in the dynamics is either unknown or impossible. The architecture employs a network of gaussian radial basis functions to adaptively compensate for the plant nonlinearities. Under mild assumptions about the degree of smoothness exhibited by the nonlinear functions, the algorithm is proven to be globally stable, with tracking errors converging to a neighborhood of zero. A constructive procedure is detailed, which directly translates the assumed smoothness properties of the nonlinearities involved into a specification of the network required to represent the plant to a chosen degree of accuracy. A stable weight adjustment mechanism is then determined using Lyapunov theory. The network construction and performance of the resulting controller are illustrated through simulations with example syst...
A VisionBased Formation Control Framework
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION
, 2002
"... We describe a framework for cooperative control of a group of nonholonomic mobile robots that allows us to build complex systems from simple controllers and estimators. The resultant modular approach is attractive because of the potential for reusability. Our approach to composition also guarantees ..."
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Cited by 93 (7 self)
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We describe a framework for cooperative control of a group of nonholonomic mobile robots that allows us to build complex systems from simple controllers and estimators. The resultant modular approach is attractive because of the potential for reusability. Our approach to composition also guarantees stability and convergence in a wide range of tasks. There are two key features in our approach: 1) a paradigm for switching between simple decentralized controllers that allows for changes in formation; 2) the use of information from a single type of sensor, an omnidirectional camera, for all our controllers. We describe estimators that abstract the sensory information at different levels, enabling both decentralized and centralized cooperative control. Our results include numerical simulations and experiments using a testbed consisting of three nonholonomic robots.
Reinforcement learning for humanoid robotics
 Autonomous Robot
, 2003
"... Abstract. The complexity of the kinematic and dynamic structure of humanoid robots make conventional analytical approaches to control increasingly unsuitable for such systems. Learning techniques offer a possible way to aid controller design if insufficient analytical knowledge is available, and lea ..."
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Cited by 91 (20 self)
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Abstract. The complexity of the kinematic and dynamic structure of humanoid robots make conventional analytical approaches to control increasingly unsuitable for such systems. Learning techniques offer a possible way to aid controller design if insufficient analytical knowledge is available, and learning approaches seem mandatory when humanoid systems are supposed to become completely autonomous. While recent research in neural networks and statistical learning has focused mostly on learning from finite data sets without stringent constraints on computational efficiency, learning for humanoid robots requires a different setting, characterized by the need for realtime learning performance from an essentially infinite stream of incrementally arriving data. This paper demonstrates how even highdimensional learning problems of this kind can successfully be dealt with by techniques from nonparametric regression and locally weighted learning. As an example, we describe the application of one of the most advanced of such algorithms, Locally Weighted Projection Regression (LWPR), to the online learning of three problems in humanoid motor control: the learning of inverse dynamics models for modelbased control, the learning of inverse kinematics of redundant manipulators, and the learning of oculomotor reflexes. All these examples demonstrate fast, i.e., within seconds or minutes, learning convergence with highly accurate final peformance. We conclude that realtime learning for complex motor system like humanoid robots is possible with appropriately tailored algorithms, such that increasingly autonomous robots with massive learning abilities should be achievable in the near future. 1.
Approximate Solutions to Markov Decision Processes
, 1999
"... One of the basic problems of machine learning is deciding how to act in an uncertain world. For example, if I want my robot to bring me a cup of coffee, it must be able to compute the correct sequence of electrical impulses to send to its motors to navigate from the coffee pot to my office. In fact, ..."
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Cited by 66 (9 self)
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One of the basic problems of machine learning is deciding how to act in an uncertain world. For example, if I want my robot to bring me a cup of coffee, it must be able to compute the correct sequence of electrical impulses to send to its motors to navigate from the coffee pot to my office. In fact, since the results of its actions are not completely predictable, it is not enough just to compute the correct sequence; instead the robot must sense and correct for deviations from its intended path. In order for any machine learner to act reasonably in an uncertain environment, it must solve problems like the above one quickly and reliably. Unfortunately, the world is often so complicated that it is difficult or impossible to find the optimal sequence of actions to achieve a given goal. So, in order to scale our learners up to realworld problems, we usually must settle for approximate solutions. One representation for a learner's environment and goals is a Markov decision process or MDP. ...
Neural Control of Rhythmic Arm Movements
 Neural Networks
, 1998
"... In this paper we present an approach to robot arm control based on exploiting the dynamical properties of a simple neural network oscillator circuit coupled to the joints of an arm. The entrainment and input/output properties of the oscillators are used to perform a variety of tasks with the same ar ..."
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Cited by 65 (3 self)
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In this paper we present an approach to robot arm control based on exploiting the dynamical properties of a simple neural network oscillator circuit coupled to the joints of an arm. The entrainment and input/output properties of the oscillators are used to perform a variety of tasks with the same architecture, without any modeling of the arm or its environment. The approach is implemented on two real robot arms, and has been used to tune into the resonant frequency of pendulums, perform multijoint coordinated motion by turning cranks, and exploit the dynamics of a `Slinky' toy to coordinate the motion of two arms. By exploiting the coupling between the physical arm and the neural oscillator, a range of complex behaviors can be achieved with a very simple system. Keywords: Oscillator, Neural control, Neural network, Robot Manipulator, Rhythmic movement. Neural Control of Rhythmic Arm Movements 2 1 Introduction This paper describes the properties of a set of simple neural network os...
A general result on the stabilization of linear systems using bounded controls
 IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
, 1994
"... We present two constructions of controllers that globally stabilize linear systems subject to control saturation. We allow essentially arbitrary saturation functions. The only conditions imposed on the system are the obvious necessary ones, namely that no eigenvalues of the uncontrolled system have ..."
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Cited by 60 (8 self)
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We present two constructions of controllers that globally stabilize linear systems subject to control saturation. We allow essentially arbitrary saturation functions. The only conditions imposed on the system are the obvious necessary ones, namely that no eigenvalues of the uncontrolled system have positive real part and that the standard stabilizability rank condition hold. One of the constructions is in terms of a ”neuralnetwork type ” onehidden layer architecture, while the other one is in terms of cascades of linear maps and saturations.
Stability And Robustness For Hybrid Systems
, 1996
"... Stability and robustness issues for hybrid systems are considered in this paper. General stability results that are extensions of classical Lyapunov theory have recently been formulated. However, these results are in general not straightforward to apply due to the following reasons. First, a search ..."
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Cited by 59 (6 self)
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Stability and robustness issues for hybrid systems are considered in this paper. General stability results that are extensions of classical Lyapunov theory have recently been formulated. However, these results are in general not straightforward to apply due to the following reasons. First, a search for multiple Lyapunov functions must be performed. However, existing theory does not unveil how to find such functions. Secondly, if the most general stability result is applied, knowledge about the continuous trajectory is required, at least at some time instants. Because of these drawbacks stronger conditions for stability are suggested, in which case it is shown that the search for Lyapunov functions can be formulated as a linear matrix inequality (LMI) problem for hybrid systems consisting of linear subsystems. Additionally, it is shown how robustness properties can be achieved when the Lyapunov functions are given. Specifically, it is described how to determine permitted switch regions ...
A quantitative assured forwarding service
 In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2002
, 2002
"... The Assured Forwarding (AF) service of the IETF DiffServ architecture provides a qualitative service differentiation between classes of traffic, in the sense that a lowpriority class experiences higher loss rates and higher delays than a highpriority class. However, the AF service does not quantif ..."
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Cited by 49 (16 self)
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The Assured Forwarding (AF) service of the IETF DiffServ architecture provides a qualitative service differentiation between classes of traffic, in the sense that a lowpriority class experiences higher loss rates and higher delays than a highpriority class. However, the AF service does not quantify the difference in the service given to classes. In an effort to strengthen the service guarantees of the AF service, we propose a Quantitative Assured Forwarding service with absolute and proportional differentiation of loss, service rates, and packet delays. We present a feedbackbased algorithm which enforces the desired classlevel differentiation on a perhop basis, without the need for admission control or signaling. Measurement results from a testbed of FreeBSD PCrouters on a 100 Mbps Ethernet network show the effectiveness of the proposed service, and indicate that our implementation is suitable for networks with high data rates.