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mArachna â€“ Ontology Engineering for Mathematical Natural Language Texts
"... The knowledge contained in the growing number of scientific digital publications, particularly over the internet creates new demands for intelligent retrieval mechanisms. One basic approach in support of such retrieval mechanisms is the generation of semantic annotation, based on ontologies describi ..."
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The knowledge contained in the growing number of scientific digital publications, particularly over the internet creates new demands for intelligent retrieval mechanisms. One basic approach in support of such retrieval mechanisms is the generation of semantic annotation, based on ontologies describing both the field and the structure of the texts themselves. Many current approaches use statistical methods similar to the ones employed by Google to find correlations within the texts. This approach neglects the additional information provided in the upper ontology used by the author. mArachna, however, is based on natural language processing techniques, taking advantage of characteristic linguistic structures defined by the language used in mathematical texts. It stores the extracted knowledge in a knowledge base, creating a lowlevel ontology of mathematics and mapping this ontology onto the structure of the knowledge base. The following article gives an overview over the concepts and technical implementation of the mArachna prototype. 1
Managing mathematical texts with OWL and their graphical representation
"... Mathematical knowledge contained in scientific digital publications poses a challenge for intelligent retrieval mechanisms. Many current approaches use statistical (e.g. Google) or natural language processing methods to find correlations in texts and annotate texts semantically. However both kinds o ..."
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Mathematical knowledge contained in scientific digital publications poses a challenge for intelligent retrieval mechanisms. Many current approaches use statistical (e.g. Google) or natural language processing methods to find correlations in texts and annotate texts semantically. However both kinds of approaches face the problem of extracting and processing knowledge from mathematical equations. The presented system is based on natural language processing techniques, and benefits from characteristic linguistic structures defined by the language used in mathematical texts. It accumulates extracted information snippets from texts, symbols, and equations in knowledge bases. These knowledge bases provide the foundation for the information retrieval. This article describes the concepts and the prototypical technical implementation.