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479
On some exponential functionals of Brownian motion
 Adv. Appl. Prob
, 1992
"... Abstract: This is the second part of our survey on exponential functionals of Brownian motion. We focus on the applications of the results about the distributions of the exponential functionals, which have been discussed in the first part. Pricing formula for call options for the Asian options, expl ..."
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Cited by 200 (15 self)
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Abstract: This is the second part of our survey on exponential functionals of Brownian motion. We focus on the applications of the results about the distributions of the exponential functionals, which have been discussed in the first part. Pricing formula for call options for the Asian options, explicit expressions for the heat kernels on hyperbolic spaces, diffusion processes in random environments and extensions of Lévy’s and Pitman’s theorems are discussed.
Diffusion Wavelets
, 2004
"... We present a multiresolution construction for efficiently computing, compressing and applying large powers of operators that have high powers with low numerical rank. This allows the fast computation of functions of the operator, notably the associated Green’s function, in compressed form, and their ..."
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Cited by 149 (18 self)
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We present a multiresolution construction for efficiently computing, compressing and applying large powers of operators that have high powers with low numerical rank. This allows the fast computation of functions of the operator, notably the associated Green’s function, in compressed form, and their fast application. Classes of operators satisfying these conditions include diffusionlike operators, in any dimension, on manifolds, graphs, and in nonhomogeneous media. In this case our construction can be viewed as a farreaching generalization of Fast Multipole Methods, achieved through a different point of view, and of the nonstandard wavelet representation of CalderónZygmund and pseudodifferential operators, achieved through a different multiresolution analysis adapted to the operator. We show how the dyadic powers of an operator can be used to induce a multiresolution analysis, as in classical LittlewoodPaley and wavelet theory, and we show how to construct, with fast and stable algorithms, scaling function and wavelet bases associated to this multiresolution analysis, and the corresponding downsampling operators, and use them to compress the corresponding powers of the operator. This allows to extend multiscale signal processing to general spaces (such as manifolds and graphs) in a very natural way, with corresponding fast algorithms.
Heat kernel estimates for stablelike processes on dsets, Stochastic Process
 Appl
"... The notion of dset arises in the theory of function spaces and in fractal geometry. Geometrically selfsimilar sets are typical examples of dsets. In this paper stablelike processes on dsets are investigated, which include reflected stable processes in Euclidean domains as a special case. More ..."
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Cited by 143 (46 self)
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The notion of dset arises in the theory of function spaces and in fractal geometry. Geometrically selfsimilar sets are typical examples of dsets. In this paper stablelike processes on dsets are investigated, which include reflected stable processes in Euclidean domains as a special case. More precisely, we establish parabolic Harnack principle and derive sharp twosided heat kernel estimate for such stablelike processes. Results on the exact Hausdorff dimensions for the range of stablelike processes are also obtained.
qGaussian processes: Noncommutative and classical aspects
 Commun. Math. Phys
, 1997
"... Abstract. We examine, for −1 < q < 1, qGaussian processes, i.e. families of operators (noncommutative random variables) Xt = at + a ∗ t – where the at fulfill the qcommutation relations asa ∗ t − qa ∗ t as = c(s, t) · 1 for some covariance function c(·, ·) – equipped with the vacuum expec ..."
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Cited by 120 (7 self)
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Abstract. We examine, for −1 < q < 1, qGaussian processes, i.e. families of operators (noncommutative random variables) Xt = at + a ∗ t – where the at fulfill the qcommutation relations asa ∗ t − qa ∗ t as = c(s, t) · 1 for some covariance function c(·, ·) – equipped with the vacuum expectation state. We show that there is a qanalogue of the Gaussian functor of second quantization behind these processes and that this structure can be used to translate questions on qGaussian processes into corresponding (and much simpler) questions in the underlying Hilbert space. In particular, we use this idea to show that a large class of qGaussian processes possess a noncommutative kind of Markov property, which ensures that there exist classical versions of these noncommutative processes. This answers an old question of Frisch and Bourret [FB].
Sobolev inequalities in disguise
 Indiana Univ. Math. J
, 1995
"... We present a simple and direct proof of the equivalence of various functional inequalities such as Sobolev or Nash inequalities. This proof applies in the context of Riemannian or subelliptic geometry, as well as on graphs and to certain nonlocal Sobolev norms. It only uses elementary cutoff argu ..."
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Cited by 90 (13 self)
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We present a simple and direct proof of the equivalence of various functional inequalities such as Sobolev or Nash inequalities. This proof applies in the context of Riemannian or subelliptic geometry, as well as on graphs and to certain nonlocal Sobolev norms. It only uses elementary cutoff arguments. This method has interesting consequences concerning Trudinger type inequalities. 1. Introduction. On R n, the classical Sobolev inequality [27] indicates that, for every smooth enough function f with compact support,
Heat kernel estimates for Dirichlet fractional Laplacian
 J. European Math. Soc
"... In this paper, we consider the fractional Laplacian −(−∆) α/2 on an open subset in R d with zero exterior condition. We establish sharp twosided estimates for the heat kernel of such Dirichlet fractional Laplacian in C 1,1 open sets. This heat kernel is also the transition density of a rotationally ..."
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Cited by 74 (26 self)
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In this paper, we consider the fractional Laplacian −(−∆) α/2 on an open subset in R d with zero exterior condition. We establish sharp twosided estimates for the heat kernel of such Dirichlet fractional Laplacian in C 1,1 open sets. This heat kernel is also the transition density of a rotationally symmetric stable process killed upon leaving a C 1,1 open set. Our results are the first sharp twosided estimates for the Dirichlet heat kernel of a nonlocal operator on open sets.
Functional inequalities for empty essential spectrum
 J. Funct. Anal
, 2000
"... In terms of the equivalence of Poincare ́ inequality and the existence of spectral gap, the superPoincare ́ inequality is suggested in the paper for the study of essential spectrum. It is proved for symmetric diffusions that, such an inequality is equivalent to empty essential spectrum of the corre ..."
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Cited by 65 (14 self)
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In terms of the equivalence of Poincare ́ inequality and the existence of spectral gap, the superPoincare ́ inequality is suggested in the paper for the study of essential spectrum. It is proved for symmetric diffusions that, such an inequality is equivalent to empty essential spectrum of the corresponding diffusion operator. This inequality recovers known Sobolev and Nash type ones. It is also equivalent to an isoperimetric inequality provided the curvature of the operator is bounded from below. Some results are also proved for a more general setting including symmetric jump processes. Moreover, estimates of inequality constants are also presented, which lead to a proof of a result on ultracontractivity suggested recently by D. Stroock. Finally, concentration of reference measures for superPoincare ́ inequalities is studied, the resulting estimates extend previous ones for Poincare ́ and logSobolev inequalities.
Interpolated inequalities between exponential and Gaussian, Orlicz hypercontractivity and isoperimetry
, 2004
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On the relation between elliptic and parabolic Harnack inequalities
, 2001
"... We show that, if a certain Sobolev inequality holds, then a scaleinvariant elliptic Harnack inequality suces to imply its a priori stronger parabolic counterpart. Neither the relative Sobolev inequality nor the elliptic Harnack inequality alone suces to imply the parabolic Harnack inequality in que ..."
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Cited by 62 (5 self)
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We show that, if a certain Sobolev inequality holds, then a scaleinvariant elliptic Harnack inequality suces to imply its a priori stronger parabolic counterpart. Neither the relative Sobolev inequality nor the elliptic Harnack inequality alone suces to imply the parabolic Harnack inequality in question; both are necessary conditions. As an application, we show the equivalence between parabolic Harnack inequality for on M , (i.e., for @ t + ) and elliptic Harnack inequality for @ 2 t + on R M . 1
Gaussian Upper Bounds For The Heat Kernel On Arbitrary Manifolds
, 1997
"... In this paper, we develop a universal way of obtaining Gaussian upper bounds of the heat kernel on Riemannian manifolds. By the word "Gaussian" we mean those estimates which contain a Gaussian exponential factor similar to one which enters the explicit formula for the heat kernel of the co ..."
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Cited by 60 (4 self)
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In this paper, we develop a universal way of obtaining Gaussian upper bounds of the heat kernel on Riemannian manifolds. By the word "Gaussian" we mean those estimates which contain a Gaussian exponential factor similar to one which enters the explicit formula for the heat kernel of the conventional Laplace operator in R...