Results 1  10
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241
On some exponential functionals of Brownian motion
 Adv. Appl. Prob
, 1992
"... Abstract: This is the second part of our survey on exponential functionals of Brownian motion. We focus on the applications of the results about the distributions of the exponential functionals, which have been discussed in the first part. Pricing formula for call options for the Asian options, expl ..."
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Cited by 98 (9 self)
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Abstract: This is the second part of our survey on exponential functionals of Brownian motion. We focus on the applications of the results about the distributions of the exponential functionals, which have been discussed in the first part. Pricing formula for call options for the Asian options, explicit expressions for the heat kernels on hyperbolic spaces, diffusion processes in random environments and extensions of Lévy’s and Pitman’s theorems are discussed.
Diffusion Wavelets
, 2004
"... We present a multiresolution construction for efficiently computing, compressing and applying large powers of operators that have high powers with low numerical rank. This allows the fast computation of functions of the operator, notably the associated Green’s function, in compressed form, and their ..."
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Cited by 72 (12 self)
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We present a multiresolution construction for efficiently computing, compressing and applying large powers of operators that have high powers with low numerical rank. This allows the fast computation of functions of the operator, notably the associated Green’s function, in compressed form, and their fast application. Classes of operators satisfying these conditions include diffusionlike operators, in any dimension, on manifolds, graphs, and in nonhomogeneous media. In this case our construction can be viewed as a farreaching generalization of Fast Multipole Methods, achieved through a different point of view, and of the nonstandard wavelet representation of CalderónZygmund and pseudodifferential operators, achieved through a different multiresolution analysis adapted to the operator. We show how the dyadic powers of an operator can be used to induce a multiresolution analysis, as in classical LittlewoodPaley and wavelet theory, and we show how to construct, with fast and stable algorithms, scaling function and wavelet bases associated to this multiresolution analysis, and the corresponding downsampling operators, and use them to compress the corresponding powers of the operator. This allows to extend multiscale signal processing to general spaces (such as manifolds and graphs) in a very natural way, with corresponding fast algorithms.
qGaussian processes: Noncommutative and classical aspects
 Commun. Math. Phys
, 1997
"... Abstract. We examine, for −1 < q < 1, qGaussian processes, i.e. families of operators (noncommutative random variables) Xt = at + a ∗ t – where the at fulfill the qcommutation relations asa ∗ t − qa ∗ t as = c(s, t) · 1 for some covariance function c(·, ·) – equipped with the vacuum expectation ..."
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Cited by 64 (2 self)
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Abstract. We examine, for −1 < q < 1, qGaussian processes, i.e. families of operators (noncommutative random variables) Xt = at + a ∗ t – where the at fulfill the qcommutation relations asa ∗ t − qa ∗ t as = c(s, t) · 1 for some covariance function c(·, ·) – equipped with the vacuum expectation state. We show that there is a qanalogue of the Gaussian functor of second quantization behind these processes and that this structure can be used to translate questions on qGaussian processes into corresponding (and much simpler) questions in the underlying Hilbert space. In particular, we use this idea to show that a large class of qGaussian processes possess a noncommutative kind of Markov property, which ensures that there exist classical versions of these noncommutative processes. This answers an old question of Frisch and Bourret [FB].
Exponential Stability for Nonlinear Filtering
, 1996
"... We study the a.s. exponential stability of the optimal filter w.r.t. its initial conditions. A bound is provided on the exponential rate (equivalently, on the memory length of the filter) for a general setting both in discrete and in continuous time, in terms of Birkhoff's contraction coefficient. C ..."
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Cited by 53 (2 self)
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We study the a.s. exponential stability of the optimal filter w.r.t. its initial conditions. A bound is provided on the exponential rate (equivalently, on the memory length of the filter) for a general setting both in discrete and in continuous time, in terms of Birkhoff's contraction coefficient. Criteria for exponential stability and explicit bounds on the rate are given in the specific cases of a diffusion process on a compact manifold, and discrete time Markov chains on both continuous and discretecountable state spaces. R'esum'e Nous 'etudions la stabilit'e du filtre optimal par raport `a ses conditions initiales. Le taux de d'ecroissance exponentielle est calcul'e dans un cadre g'en'eral, pour temps discret et temps continu, en terme du coefficient de contraction de Birkhoff. Des crit`eres de stabilit'e exponentielle et des bornes explicites sur le taux sont calcul'ees pour les cas particuliers d'une diffusion sur une vari'ete compacte, ainsi que pour des chaines de Markov sur ...
Sobolev inequalities in disguise
 Indiana Univ. Math. J
, 1995
"... We present a simple and direct proof of the equivalence of various functional inequalities such as Sobolev or Nash inequalities. This proof applies in the context of Riemannian or subelliptic geometry, as well as on graphs and to certain nonlocal Sobolev norms. It only uses elementary cutoff argu ..."
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Cited by 38 (4 self)
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We present a simple and direct proof of the equivalence of various functional inequalities such as Sobolev or Nash inequalities. This proof applies in the context of Riemannian or subelliptic geometry, as well as on graphs and to certain nonlocal Sobolev norms. It only uses elementary cutoff arguments. This method has interesting consequences concerning Trudinger type inequalities. 1. Introduction. On R n, the classical Sobolev inequality [27] indicates that, for every smooth enough function f with compact support,
Localization of Classical Waves I: Acoustic Waves.
 Commun. Math. Phys
, 1996
"... We consider classical acoustic waves in a medium described by a position dependent mass density %(x). We assume that %(x) is a random perturbation of a periodic function % 0 (x) and that the periodic acoustic operator A 0 = \Gammar \Delta 1 %0 (x) r has a gap in the spectrum. We prove the existe ..."
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Cited by 37 (0 self)
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We consider classical acoustic waves in a medium described by a position dependent mass density %(x). We assume that %(x) is a random perturbation of a periodic function % 0 (x) and that the periodic acoustic operator A 0 = \Gammar \Delta 1 %0 (x) r has a gap in the spectrum. We prove the existence of localized waves, i.e., finite energy solutions of the acoustic equations with the property that almost all of the wave's energy remains in a fixed bounded region of space at all times, with probability one. Localization of acoustic waves is a consequence of Anderson localization for the selfadjoint operators A = \Gammar \Delta 1 %(x) r on L 2 (R d ). We prove that, in the random medium described by %(x), the random operator A exhibits Anderson localization inside the gap in the spectrum of A 0 . This is shown even in situations when the gap is totally filled by the spectrum of the random operator; we can prescribe random environments that ensure localization in almost the wh...
Heat kernel estimates for Dirichlet fractional Laplacian
 J. European Math. Soc
"... In this paper, we consider the fractional Laplacian −(−∆) α/2 on an open subset in R d with zero exterior condition. We establish sharp twosided estimates for the heat kernel of such Dirichlet fractional Laplacian in C 1,1 open sets. This heat kernel is also the transition density of a rotationally ..."
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Cited by 36 (19 self)
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In this paper, we consider the fractional Laplacian −(−∆) α/2 on an open subset in R d with zero exterior condition. We establish sharp twosided estimates for the heat kernel of such Dirichlet fractional Laplacian in C 1,1 open sets. This heat kernel is also the transition density of a rotationally symmetric stable process killed upon leaving a C 1,1 open set. Our results are the first sharp twosided estimates for the Dirichlet heat kernel of a nonlocal operator on open sets.
Interpolated inequalities between exponential and Gaussian, Orlicz hypercontractivity and isoperimetry
, 2004
"... ..."
SubGaussian estimates of heat kernels on infinite graphs
 Duke Math. J
, 2000
"... We prove that a two sided subGaussian estimate of the heat kernel on an infinite weighted graph takes place if and only if the volume growth of the graph is uniformly polynomial and the Green kernel admits a uniform polynomial decay. ..."
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Cited by 32 (10 self)
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We prove that a two sided subGaussian estimate of the heat kernel on an infinite weighted graph takes place if and only if the volume growth of the graph is uniformly polynomial and the Green kernel admits a uniform polynomial decay.
On the relation between elliptic and parabolic Harnack inequalities
, 2001
"... We show that, if a certain Sobolev inequality holds, then a scaleinvariant elliptic Harnack inequality suces to imply its a priori stronger parabolic counterpart. Neither the relative Sobolev inequality nor the elliptic Harnack inequality alone suces to imply the parabolic Harnack inequality in que ..."
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Cited by 27 (3 self)
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We show that, if a certain Sobolev inequality holds, then a scaleinvariant elliptic Harnack inequality suces to imply its a priori stronger parabolic counterpart. Neither the relative Sobolev inequality nor the elliptic Harnack inequality alone suces to imply the parabolic Harnack inequality in question; both are necessary conditions. As an application, we show the equivalence between parabolic Harnack inequality for on M , (i.e., for @ t + ) and elliptic Harnack inequality for @ 2 t + on R M . 1