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Dependent Intersection: A New Way of Defining Records in Type Theory
"... Record types are an important tool for programming and are essential in objectoriented calculi. Dependent record types are proven to be very useful for program specification and verification. Unfortunately, all known embedding of the dependent record type in the type theory had some imperfections. I ..."
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Cited by 19 (2 self)
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Record types are an important tool for programming and are essential in objectoriented calculi. Dependent record types are proven to be very useful for program specification and verification. Unfortunately, all known embedding of the dependent record type in the type theory had some imperfections. In this paper we present a new type constructor, dependent intersection, i.e., the intersection of two types, where the second type may depend on elements of the first one (do not confuse it with the intersection of a family of types). This new type constructor allows us to define dependent records in a very simple way.
The structure of nuprl’s type theory
, 1997
"... on the World Wide Web (\the Web") (www.cs.cornell.edu/Info/NuPrl/nuprl.html) ..."
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Cited by 9 (3 self)
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on the World Wide Web (\the Web") (www.cs.cornell.edu/Info/NuPrl/nuprl.html)
Quotient Types: A Modular Approach
 ITUT Recommendation H.324
, 2002
"... In this paper we introduce a new approach to axiomatizing quotient types in type theory. We suggest replacing the existing monolithic rule set by a modular set of rules for a specially chosen set of primitive operations. This modular formalization of quotient types turns out to be much easier to use ..."
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Cited by 6 (3 self)
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In this paper we introduce a new approach to axiomatizing quotient types in type theory. We suggest replacing the existing monolithic rule set by a modular set of rules for a specially chosen set of primitive operations. This modular formalization of quotient types turns out to be much easier to use and free of many limitations of the traditional monolithic formalization. To illustrate the advantages of the new approach, we show how the type of collections (that is known to be very hard to formalize using traditional quotient types) can be naturally formalized using the new primitives. We also show how modularity allows us to reuse one of the new primitives to simplify and enhance the rules for the set types.
Type Theoretical Foundations for Data Structures, Classes, and Objects
, 2004
"... In this thesis we explore the question of how to represent programming data structures in a constructive type theory. The basic data structures in programing languages are records and objects. Most known papers treat such data structure as primitive. That is, they add new primitive type constructors ..."
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Cited by 5 (0 self)
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In this thesis we explore the question of how to represent programming data structures in a constructive type theory. The basic data structures in programing languages are records and objects. Most known papers treat such data structure as primitive. That is, they add new primitive type constructors and supporting axioms for records and objects. This approach is not satisfactory. First of all it complicates a type theory a lot. Second, the validity of the new axioms is not easily established. As we will see the naive choice of axioms can lead to contradiction even in the simplest cases. We will show that records and objects can be defined in a powerful enough type theory. We will also show how to use these type constructors to define abstract data structure. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Alexei Kopylov was born in Moscow State University on April 2, 1974. His parents were students in the Department of Mathematics and Mechanics there. First year of his life Alexei lived in a student dormitory in the main building of the Moscow State University. Then his parents moved to Chernogolovka, a cozy scientific town near Moscow. Alexei returned to Moscow State University as a student in 1991. Five years later he graduated from the Department of Mathematics and Mechanics and entered the graduate school of the same Department.
Programming Language Semantics in Foundational Type Theory
 In Proc. the IFIP TC2/WG2.2,2.3 International Conference on Programming Concepts and Methods (PROCOMET’98
, 1996
"... There are compelling benefits to using foundational type theory as a framework for programming language semantics. I give a semantics of an expressive programming calculus in the foundational type theory of Nuprl. Previous typetheoretic semantics have used less expressive type theories, or have sacr ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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There are compelling benefits to using foundational type theory as a framework for programming language semantics. I give a semantics of an expressive programming calculus in the foundational type theory of Nuprl. Previous typetheoretic semantics have used less expressive type theories, or have sacrificed important programming constructs such as recursion and modules. The primary mechanisms of this semantics are partial types, for typing recursion, set types, for encoding power and singleton kinds, which are used for subtyping and module programming, and very dependent function types, for encoding signatures. Keywords Semantics, program verification, type theory, functional programming 1 INTRODUCTION Type theory has become a popular framework for formal reasoning in computer science and has formed the basis for a number of automated deduction systems, including Automath, Nuprl, HOL and Coq, among others. In addition to formalizing mathematics, these systems are widely used for the a...
"Clarifying the Nature of the Infinite": the development of metamathematics and proof theory
, 2001
"... We discuss the development of metamathematics in the Hilbert school, and Hilbert's prooftheoretic program in particular. We place this program in a broader historical and philosophical context, especially with respect to nineteenth century developments in mathematics and logic. Finally, we show how ..."
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Cited by 5 (2 self)
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We discuss the development of metamathematics in the Hilbert school, and Hilbert's prooftheoretic program in particular. We place this program in a broader historical and philosophical context, especially with respect to nineteenth century developments in mathematics and logic. Finally, we show how these considerations help frame our understanding of metamathematics and proof theory today.
Naïve computational type theory
 Proof and SystemReliability, Proceedings of International Summer School Marktoberdorf, July 24 to August 5, 2001, volume 62 of NATO Science Series III
, 2002
"... The basic concepts of type theory are fundamental to computer science, logic and mathematics. Indeed, the language of type theory connects these regions of science. It plays a role in computing and information science akin to that of set theory in pure mathematics. There are many excellent accounts ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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The basic concepts of type theory are fundamental to computer science, logic and mathematics. Indeed, the language of type theory connects these regions of science. It plays a role in computing and information science akin to that of set theory in pure mathematics. There are many excellent accounts of the basic ideas of type theory, especially at the interface of computer science and logic — specifically, in the literature of programming languages, semantics, formal methods and automated reasoning. Most of these are very technical, dense with formulas, inference rules, and computation rules. Here we follow the example of the mathematician Paul Halmos, who in 1960 wrote a 104page book called Naïve Set Theory intended to make the subject accessible to practicing mathematicians. His book served many generations well. This article follows the spirit of Halmos ’ book and introduces type theory without recourse to precise axioms and inference rules, and with a minimum of formalism. I start by paraphrasing the preface to Halmos ’ book. The sections of this article follow his chapters closely. Every computer scientist agrees that every computer scientist must know some type theory; the disagreement begins in trying to decide how much is some. This article contains my partial answer to that question. The purpose of the article is to tell the beginning student of advanced computer science the basic type theoretic facts of life, and to do so with a minimum of philosophical discourse and logical formalism. The point throughout is that of a prospective computer scientist eager to study programming languages, or database systems, or computational complexity theory, or distributed systems or information discovery. In type theory, “naïve ” and “formal ” are contrasting words. The present treatment might best be described as informal type theory from a naïve point of view. The concepts are very general and very abstract; therefore they may
An abstract semantics for atoms in nuprl
, 2006
"... With the standard inference rule set for Nuprl, the type Atom cannot be proved either to be finite or infinite, despite the fact that any character string (over a certain finite alphabet) can be used to form a canonical expression for a member of the type. For each k ∈ N one can prove in the logic a ..."
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With the standard inference rule set for Nuprl, the type Atom cannot be proved either to be finite or infinite, despite the fact that any character string (over a certain finite alphabet) can be used to form a canonical expression for a member of the type. For each k ∈ N one can prove in the logic a formula to the effect that there are at least k
Logical Aspects of Digital Mathematics Libraries
, 2001
"... this article are based on the formalization of particular fragments of computational mathematics, but the results are general. In this paper we focus on capabilities of digital mathematics libraries that are enabled by formalism. Specifically we report results on these topics ..."
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this article are based on the formalization of particular fragments of computational mathematics, but the results are general. In this paper we focus on capabilities of digital mathematics libraries that are enabled by formalism. Specifically we report results on these topics
Naïve Type Theory
, 2002
"... This article follows the spirit of Halmos' book and introduces type theory without recourse to precise axioms and inference rules, and with a minimum of formalism. I start by paraphrasing the preface to Halmos' book. The sections of this article follow his chapters closely. Every computer scientist ..."
Abstract
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This article follows the spirit of Halmos' book and introduces type theory without recourse to precise axioms and inference rules, and with a minimum of formalism. I start by paraphrasing the preface to Halmos' book. The sections of this article follow his chapters closely. Every computer scientist agrees that every computer scientist must know some type theory; the disagreement begins in trying to decide how much is some. This article contains my partial answer to that question. The purpose of the article is to tell the beginning student of advanced computer science the basic type theoretic facts of life, and to do so with a minimum of philosophical discourse and logical formalism. The point throughout is that of a prospective computer scientist eager to study programming languages, or database systems, or computational complexity theory, or distributed systems or information discovery