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Ensuring Global Termination of Partial Deduction while Allowing Flexible Polyvariance
, 1995
"... The control of polyvariance is a key issue in partial deduction of logic programs. Certainly, only finitely many specialised versions of any procedure should be generated, while, on the other hand, overly severe limitations should not be imposed. In this paper, wellfounded orderings serve as a star ..."
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Cited by 60 (14 self)
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The control of polyvariance is a key issue in partial deduction of logic programs. Certainly, only finitely many specialised versions of any procedure should be generated, while, on the other hand, overly severe limitations should not be imposed. In this paper, wellfounded orderings serve as a starting point for tackling this socalled "global termination" problem. Polyvariance is determined by the set of distinct "partially deduced" atoms generated during partial deduction. Avoiding adhoc techniques, we formulate a quite general framework where this set is represented as a tree structure. Associating weights with nodes, we define a wellfounded order among such structures, thus obtaining a foundation for certified global termination of partial deduction. We include an algorithm template, concrete instances of which can be used in actual implementations, prove termination and correctness, and report on the results of some experiments. Finally, we conjecture that the proposed framewor...
Logic program specialisation through partial deduction: Control issues
 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
, 2002
"... Program specialisation aims at improving the overall performance of programs by performing source to source transformations. A common approach within functional and logic programming, known respectively as partial evaluation and partial deduction, is to exploit partial knowledge about the input. It ..."
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Cited by 53 (12 self)
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Program specialisation aims at improving the overall performance of programs by performing source to source transformations. A common approach within functional and logic programming, known respectively as partial evaluation and partial deduction, is to exploit partial knowledge about the input. It is achieved through a wellautomated application of parts of the BurstallDarlington unfold/fold transformation framework. The main challenge in developing systems is to design automatic control that ensures correctness, efficiency, and termination. This survey and tutorial presents the main developments in controlling partial deduction over the past 10 years and analyses their respective merits and shortcomings. It ends with an assessment of current achievements and sketches some remaining research challenges.
Creating Specialised Integrity Checks Through Partial Evaluation Of MetaInterpreters
, 1994
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Towards Creating Specialised Integrity Checks Through Partial Evaluation
, 1995
"... In [23] we presented a partial evaluation scheme for a "real life" subset of Prolog, containing firstorder builtin's, simple sideeffects and the operational predicate ifthenelse. In this paper we apply this scheme to specialise integrity checking in deductive databases. We present an interprete ..."
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Cited by 17 (15 self)
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In [23] we presented a partial evaluation scheme for a "real life" subset of Prolog, containing firstorder builtin's, simple sideeffects and the operational predicate ifthenelse. In this paper we apply this scheme to specialise integrity checking in deductive databases. We present an interpreter which can be used to check the integrity constraints in hierarchical deductive databases. This interpreter incorporates the knowledge that the integrity constraints were not violated prior to a given update sad uses a technique to lift the ground representation to t,e nonground one for resolution. By partially evaluating this motsinterpreter for certain transaction patterns we are able to obtain very efficient specialised update procedures, executing substantially faster than the original motsinterpreter. The partial eval uation scheme presented in [23] seems to be capable of tomatically generating highly specialised update procedures for deductive databases.
Analysis and Transformation of Proof Procedures
, 1994
"... Automated theorem proving has made great progress during the last few decades. Proofs of more and more difficult theorems are being found faster and faster. However, the exponential increase in the size of the search space remains for many theorem proving problems. Logic program analysis and transfo ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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Automated theorem proving has made great progress during the last few decades. Proofs of more and more difficult theorems are being found faster and faster. However, the exponential increase in the size of the search space remains for many theorem proving problems. Logic program analysis and transformation techniques have also made progress during the last few years and automated theorem proving can benefit from these techniques if they can be made applicable to general theorem proving problems. In this thesis we investigate the applicability of logic program analysis and transformation techniques to automated theorem proving. Our aim is to speed up theorem provers by avoiding useless search. This is done by detecting and deleting parts of the theorem prover and theory under consideration that are not needed for proving a given formula. The analysis and transformation techniques developed for logic programs can be applied in automated theorem proving via a programming technique called ...
Enhancing Partial Deduction via Unfold/Fold Rules
 Proc. LoPSTr '96
, 1996
"... We show that sometimes partial deduction produces poor program specializations because of its limited ability in (i) dealing with conjunctions of recursively defined predicates, (ii) combining partial evaluations of alternative computations, and (iii) taking into account unification failures. We pro ..."
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Cited by 7 (4 self)
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We show that sometimes partial deduction produces poor program specializations because of its limited ability in (i) dealing with conjunctions of recursively defined predicates, (ii) combining partial evaluations of alternative computations, and (iii) taking into account unification failures. We propose to extend the standard partial deduction technique by using versions of the definition rule and the folding rule which allow us to specialize predicates defined by disjunctions of conjunctions of goals. We also consider a case split rule to take into account unification failures. Moreover, in order to perform program specialization via partial deduction in an automatic way, we propose a transformation strategy which takes as parameters suitable substrategies for directing the application of every transformation rule. Finally, we show through two examples that our partial deduction technique is superior to standard partial deduction. The first example refers to the automatic derivation...
Partial Deduction System
 In Proc. of the ILPS'97 Workshop on Tools and Environments for (Constraint) Logic Programming, U.P
, 1997
"... We present the fully automatic partial deduction system ecce, which can be used to specialise and optimise logic programs. We describe the underlying principles of ecce and illustrate some of the potential application areas. Interesting possibilites of crossfertilisation with other fields such as r ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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We present the fully automatic partial deduction system ecce, which can be used to specialise and optimise logic programs. We describe the underlying principles of ecce and illustrate some of the potential application areas. Interesting possibilites of crossfertilisation with other fields such as reachability analysis of concurrent systems and inductive theorem proving are highlighted and substantiated. 1 Introduction Program specialisation, also called partial evaluation or partial deduction, is an automatic technique for program optimisation. The central idea is to specialise a given source program for a particular application domain. Program specialisation encompasses traditional compiler optimisation techniques, such as constant folding and inlining, but uses more aggressive transformations, yielding both the possibility of obtaining (much) greater speedups and more difficulty in controlling the transformation process. In addition to achieving important speedups, program special...
Rules and Strategies for Contextual Specialization of Constraint Logic Programs
 Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science 30(2
, 2000
"... We address the problem of specializing a constraint logic program w.r.t. a constrained atom which specifies the context of use of the program. We follow an approach based on transformation rules and strategies. We introduce a novel transformation rule, called contextual constraint replacement, to be ..."
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Cited by 4 (2 self)
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We address the problem of specializing a constraint logic program w.r.t. a constrained atom which specifies the context of use of the program. We follow an approach based on transformation rules and strategies. We introduce a novel transformation rule, called contextual constraint replacement, to be combined with variants of the traditional unfolding and folding rules. We present a general Partial Evaluation Strategy for automating the application of these rules, and two additional strategies: the Context Propagation Strategy which is instrumental for the application of our contextual constraint replacement rule, and the Invariant Promotion Strategy for taking advantage of invariance properties of the computation. We show through some examples the power of our method and we compare it with existing methods for partial deduction of constraint logic programs based on extensions of Lloyd and Shepherdson's approach.
Developing Correct and Efficient Logic Programs by Transformation
 Knowledge Engineering Review
, 1996
"... this paper, from formal specifications one may obtain executable, efficient programs by using techniques for transforming logic programs. This is, indeed, one of the reasons that makes logic programming very attractive for program construction. During this final step from specifications to programs, ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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this paper, from formal specifications one may obtain executable, efficient programs by using techniques for transforming logic programs. This is, indeed, one of the reasons that makes logic programming very attractive for program construction. During this final step from specifications to programs, in order to improve efficiency one may want to use program transformation for avoiding multiple visits of data structures, or replacing complex forms of recursion by tail recursion, or reducing nondeterminism of procedures. This paper is structured as follows. In Section 2 we present the rulebased approach to program transformation and its use for the derivation and synthesis of logic programs from specifications. In Section 3 we consider the schemabased transformation technique for the development of efficient programs. In Section 4 we consider the partial evaluation technique and its use for the specialization of logic programs when the input data are partially known at compile time. In the final section we discuss some of the achievements and challanges of program transformation as a tool for logicbased software engineering. For simplicity reasons in this paper we will only consider definite logic programs, although most of the techniques we will describe can be applied also in the case of general logic programs. We refer to [35, 41] for all notions concerning logic programming and logic program transformation which are not explicitly presented here.