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Games and Full Completeness for Multiplicative Linear Logic
 JOURNAL OF SYMBOLIC LOGIC
, 1994
"... We present a game semantics for Linear Logic, in which formulas denote games and proofs denote winning strategies. We show that our semantics yields a categorical model of Linear Logic and prove full completeness for Multiplicative Linear Logic with the MIX rule: every winning strategy is the den ..."
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Cited by 209 (26 self)
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We present a game semantics for Linear Logic, in which formulas denote games and proofs denote winning strategies. We show that our semantics yields a categorical model of Linear Logic and prove full completeness for Multiplicative Linear Logic with the MIX rule: every winning strategy is the denotation of a unique cutfree proof net. A key role is played by the notion of historyfree strategy; strong connections are made between historyfree strategies and the Geometry of Interaction. Our semantics incorporates a natural notion of polarity, leading to a refined treatment of the additives. We make comparisons with related work by Joyal, Blass et al.
An introduction to substructural logics
, 2000
"... Abstract: This is a history of relevant and substructural logics, written for the Handbook of the History and Philosophy of Logic, edited by Dov Gabbay and John Woods. 1 1 ..."
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Cited by 138 (16 self)
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Abstract: This is a history of relevant and substructural logics, written for the Handbook of the History and Philosophy of Logic, edited by Dov Gabbay and John Woods. 1 1
Decision Problems for Propositional Linear Logic
, 1990
"... Linear logic, introduced by Girard, is a refinement of classical logic with a natural, intrinsic accounting of resources. We show that unlike most other propositional (quantifierfree) logics, full propositional linear logic is undecidable. Further, we prove that without the modal storage operator, ..."
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Cited by 90 (17 self)
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Linear logic, introduced by Girard, is a refinement of classical logic with a natural, intrinsic accounting of resources. We show that unlike most other propositional (quantifierfree) logics, full propositional linear logic is undecidable. Further, we prove that without the modal storage operator, which indicates unboundedness of resources, the decision problem becomes pspacecomplete. We also establish membership in np for the multiplicative fragment, npcompleteness for the multiplicative fragment extended with unrestricted weakening, and undecidability for certain fragments of noncommutative propositional linear logic. 1 Introduction Linear logic, introduced by Girard [14, 18, 17], is a refinement of classical logic which may be derived from a Gentzenstyle sequent calculus axiomatization of classical logic in three steps. The resulting sequent system Lincoln@CS.Stanford.EDU Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, and the Computer Science Labo...
A Brief Guide to Linear Logic
, 1993
"... An overview of linear logic is given, including an extensive bibliography and a simple example of the close relationship between linear logic and computation. ..."
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Cited by 53 (8 self)
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An overview of linear logic is given, including an extensive bibliography and a simple example of the close relationship between linear logic and computation.
Proofnets and the Hilbert space
 Advances in Linear Logic
, 1995
"... Girard's execution formula (given in [Gir88a]) is a decomposition of usual fireduction (or cutelimination) in reversible, local and asynchronous elementary moves. It can easily be presented, when applied to a term or a net, as the sum of maximal paths on the term/net that are not cancelled by th ..."
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Cited by 50 (3 self)
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Girard's execution formula (given in [Gir88a]) is a decomposition of usual fireduction (or cutelimination) in reversible, local and asynchronous elementary moves. It can easily be presented, when applied to a term or a net, as the sum of maximal paths on the term/net that are not cancelled by the algebra L (as was done in [Dan90, Reg92]). It is then natural to ask for a characterization of those paths, that would be only of geometric nature. We prove here that they are exactly those paths that have residuals in any reduct of the term/net. Remarkably, the proof puts to use for the first time the interpretation of terms/nets as operators on the Hilbert space. 1 Presentation Calculus is simple but not completely convincing as a real machinelanguage. Real machine instructions have a fixed runtime; a fireduction step does not. Some implementations do map fireductions into sequences of real elementary steps (as in environment machines for example) but they use a global time t...
Applications of Linear Logic to Computation: An Overview
, 1993
"... This paper is an overview of existing applications of Linear Logic (LL) to issues of computation. After a substantial introduction to LL, it discusses the implications of LL to functional programming, logic programming, concurrent and objectoriented programming and some other applications of LL, li ..."
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Cited by 41 (3 self)
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This paper is an overview of existing applications of Linear Logic (LL) to issues of computation. After a substantial introduction to LL, it discusses the implications of LL to functional programming, logic programming, concurrent and objectoriented programming and some other applications of LL, like semantics of negation in LP, nonmonotonic issues in AI planning, etc. Although the overview covers pretty much the stateoftheart in this area, by necessity many of the works are only mentioned and referenced, but not discussed in any considerable detail. The paper does not presuppose any previous exposition to LL, and is addressed more to computer scientists (probably with a theoretical inclination) than to logicians. The paper contains over 140 references, of which some 80 are about applications of LL. 1 Linear Logic Linear Logic (LL) was introduced in 1987 by Girard [62]. From the very beginning it was recognized as relevant to issues of computation (especially concurrency and stat...
Fair Games and Full Completeness for Multiplicative Linear Logic without the MIXRule
, 1993
"... We introduce a new category of finite, fair games, and winning strategies, and use it to provide a semantics for the multiplicative fragment of Linear Logic (mll) in which formulae are interpreted as games, and proofs as winning strategies. This interpretation provides a categorical model of mll wh ..."
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Cited by 40 (4 self)
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We introduce a new category of finite, fair games, and winning strategies, and use it to provide a semantics for the multiplicative fragment of Linear Logic (mll) in which formulae are interpreted as games, and proofs as winning strategies. This interpretation provides a categorical model of mll which satisfies the property that every (historyfree, uniformly) winning strategy is the denotation of a unique cutfree proof net. Abramsky and Jagadeesan first proved a result of this kind and they refer to this property as full completeness. Our result differs from theirs in one important aspect: the mixrule, which is not part of Girard's Linear Logic, is invalidated in our model. We achieve this sharper characterization by considering fair games. A finite, fair game is specified by the following data: ffl moves which Player can play, ffl moves which Opponent can play, and ffl a collection of finite sequences of maximal (or terminal) positions of the game which are deemed to be fair. N...
Proofs nets for unitfree multiplicativeadditive linear logic
 18th IEEE Intl. Symp. Logic in Computer Science (LICSâ€™03
, 2003
"... A cornerstone of the theory of proof nets for unitfree multiplicative linear logic (MLL) is the abstract representation of cutfree proofs modulo inessential commutations of rules. The only known extension to additives, based on monomial weights, fails to preserve this key feature: a host of cutfr ..."
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Cited by 38 (4 self)
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A cornerstone of the theory of proof nets for unitfree multiplicative linear logic (MLL) is the abstract representation of cutfree proofs modulo inessential commutations of rules. The only known extension to additives, based on monomial weights, fails to preserve this key feature: a host of cutfree monomial proof nets can correspond to the same cutfree proof. Thus the problem of finding a satisfactory notion of proof net for unitfree multiplicativeadditive linear logic (MALL) has remained open since the inception of linear logic in 1986. We present a new definition of MALL proof net which remains faithful to the cornerstone of the MLL theory. 1
Pomset Logic: A NonCommutative Extension of Classical Linear Logic
, 1997
"... We extend the multiplicative fragment of linear logic with a noncommutative connective (called before), which, roughly speaking, corresponds to sequential composition. This lead us to a calculus where the conclusion of a proof is a Partially Ordered MultiSET of formulae. We firstly examine coherenc ..."
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Cited by 36 (8 self)
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We extend the multiplicative fragment of linear logic with a noncommutative connective (called before), which, roughly speaking, corresponds to sequential composition. This lead us to a calculus where the conclusion of a proof is a Partially Ordered MultiSET of formulae. We firstly examine coherence semantics, where we introduce the before connective, and ordered products of formulae. Secondly we extend the syntax of multiplicative proof nets to these new operations. We then prove strong normalisation, and confluence. Coming back to the denotational semantics that we started with, we establish in an unusual way the soundness of this calculus with respect to the semantics. The converse, i.e. a kind of completeness result, is simply stated: we refer to a report for its lengthy proof. We conclude by mentioning more results, including a sequent calculus which is interpreted by both the semantics and the proof net syntax, although we are not sure that it takes all proof nets into account...
Noncommutative logic I : the multiplicative fragment
, 1998
"... INTRODUCTION Unrestricted exchange rules of Girard's linear logic [8] force the commutativity of the multiplicative connectives\Omega (times, conjunction) and & (par, disjunction) , and henceforth the commutativity of all logic. This a priori commutativity is not always desirable  it is quite pro ..."
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Cited by 33 (6 self)
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INTRODUCTION Unrestricted exchange rules of Girard's linear logic [8] force the commutativity of the multiplicative connectives\Omega (times, conjunction) and & (par, disjunction) , and henceforth the commutativity of all logic. This a priori commutativity is not always desirable  it is quite problematic in applications like linguistics or computer science , and actually the desire of a noncommutative logic goes back to the very beginning of LL [9]. Previous works on noncommutativity deal essentially with noncommutative fragments of LL, obtained by removing the exchange rule at all. At that point, a simple remark on the status of exchange in the sequent calculus is necessary to be clear: there are two presentations of exchange in commutative LL, either sequents are finite sets of occurrences of formulas and exchange is obviously implicit, or sequents are fini