Results 1  10
of
11
The primes contain arbitrarily long polynomial progressions
 Acta Math
"... Abstract. We establish the existence of infinitely many polynomial progressions in the primes; more precisely, given any integervalued polynomials P1,..., Pk ∈ Z[m] in one unknown m with P1(0) =... = Pk(0) = 0 and any ε> 0, we show that there are infinitely many integers x, m with 1 ≤ m ≤ x ε ..."
Abstract

Cited by 32 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract. We establish the existence of infinitely many polynomial progressions in the primes; more precisely, given any integervalued polynomials P1,..., Pk ∈ Z[m] in one unknown m with P1(0) =... = Pk(0) = 0 and any ε> 0, we show that there are infinitely many integers x, m with 1 ≤ m ≤ x ε such that x+P1(m),..., x+Pk(m) are simultaneously prime. The arguments are based on those in [18], which treated the linear case Pi = (i − 1)m and ε = 1; the main new features are a localization of the shift parameters (and the attendant Gowers norm objects) to both coarse and fine scales, the use of PET induction to linearize the polynomial averaging, and some elementary estimates for the number of points over finite fields in certain algebraic varieties. Contents
Linear equations in primes
 Annals of Mathematics
"... Abstract. Consider a system Ψ of nonconstant affinelinear forms ψ1,..., ψt: Z d → Z, no two of which are linearly dependent. Let N be a large integer, and let K ⊆ [−N, N] d be convex. A generalisation of a famous and difficult open conjecture of Hardy and Littlewood predicts an asymptotic, as N → ..."
Abstract

Cited by 31 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. Consider a system Ψ of nonconstant affinelinear forms ψ1,..., ψt: Z d → Z, no two of which are linearly dependent. Let N be a large integer, and let K ⊆ [−N, N] d be convex. A generalisation of a famous and difficult open conjecture of Hardy and Littlewood predicts an asymptotic, as N → ∞, for the number of integer points n ∈ Z d ∩ K for which the integers ψ1(n),..., ψt(n) are simultaneously prime. This implies many other wellknown conjectures, such as the twin prime conjecture and the (weak) Goldbach conjecture. It also allows one to count the number of solutions in a convex range to any simultaneous linear system of equations, in which all unknowns are required to be prime. In this paper we (conditionally) verify this asymptotic under the assumption that no two of the affinelinear forms ψ1,..., ψt are affinely related; this excludes the important “binary ” cases such as the twin prime or Goldbach conjectures, but does allow one to count “nondegenerate ” configurations such as arithmetic progressions. Our result assumes two families of conjectures, which we term the inverse Gowersnorm conjecture (GI(s)) and the Möbius and nilsequences conjecture (MN(s)), where s ∈ {1, 2,...} is
The dichotomy between structure and randomness, arithmetic progressions, and the primes
"... Abstract. A famous theorem of Szemerédi asserts that all subsets of the integers with positive upper density will contain arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions. There are many different proofs of this deep theorem, but they are all based on a fundamental dichotomy between structure and randomness ..."
Abstract

Cited by 25 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. A famous theorem of Szemerédi asserts that all subsets of the integers with positive upper density will contain arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions. There are many different proofs of this deep theorem, but they are all based on a fundamental dichotomy between structure and randomness, which in turn leads (roughly speaking) to a decomposition of any object into a structured (lowcomplexity) component and a random (discorrelated) component. Important examples of these types of decompositions include the Furstenberg structure theorem and the Szemerédi regularity lemma. One recent application of this dichotomy is the result of Green and Tao establishing that the prime numbers contain arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions (despite having density zero in the integers). The power of this dichotomy is evidenced by the fact that the GreenTao theorem requires surprisingly little technology from analytic number theory, relying instead almost exclusively on manifestations of this dichotomy such as Szemerédi’s theorem. In this paper we survey various manifestations of this dichotomy in combinatorics, harmonic analysis, ergodic theory, and number theory. As we hope to emphasize here, the underlying themes in these arguments are remarkably similar even though the contexts are radically different. 1.
Yıldırım, Small gaps between primes or almost primes
"... Abstract. Let pn denote the nth prime. Goldston, Pintz, and Yıldırım recently proved that (pn+1 − pn) lim inf =0. n→ ∞ log pn We give an alternative proof of this result. We also prove some corresponding results for numbers with two prime factors. Let qn denote the nth number that is a product of ex ..."
Abstract

Cited by 8 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. Let pn denote the nth prime. Goldston, Pintz, and Yıldırım recently proved that (pn+1 − pn) lim inf =0. n→ ∞ log pn We give an alternative proof of this result. We also prove some corresponding results for numbers with two prime factors. Let qn denote the nth number that is a product of exactly two distinct primes. We prove that lim inf n→ ∞ (qn+1 − qn) ≤ 26. If an appropriate generalization of the ElliottHalberstam Conjecture is true, then the above bound can be improved to 6. 1.
YILDIRIM, Small gaps between primes exist
 Proc. Japan Acad. Ser. A Math. Sci. 82 (2006), 61–65. MR 2007a:11135 Zbl 05123005
"... Abstract. In the recent preprint [3], Goldston, Pintz, and Yıldırım established, among other things, (0) liminf n→∞ pn+1 − pn log pn with pn the nth prime. In the present article, which is essentially selfcontained, we shall develop a simplified account of the method used in [3]. While [3] also inc ..."
Abstract

Cited by 8 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract. In the recent preprint [3], Goldston, Pintz, and Yıldırım established, among other things, (0) liminf n→∞ pn+1 − pn log pn with pn the nth prime. In the present article, which is essentially selfcontained, we shall develop a simplified account of the method used in [3]. While [3] also includes quantitative versions of (0), we are concerned here solely with proving the qualitative (0), which still exhibits all the essentials of the method. We also show here that an improvement of the Bombieri–Vinogradov prime number theorem would give rise infinitely often to bounded differences between consecutive primes. We include a short expository last section. Detailed discussions of quantitative results and a historical review will appear in the publication version of [3] and its continuations. = 0, 1. Basic Lemma In this section we shall prove an asymptotic formula relevant to Selberg’s sieve, which is to be modified
What is good mathematics
, 2007
"... Abstract. Some personal thoughts and opinions on what “good quality mathematics” is, and whether one should try to define this term rigorously. As a case study, the story of Szemerédi’s theorem is presented. 1. The many aspects of mathematical quality We all agree that mathematicians should strive t ..."
Abstract

Cited by 7 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. Some personal thoughts and opinions on what “good quality mathematics” is, and whether one should try to define this term rigorously. As a case study, the story of Szemerédi’s theorem is presented. 1. The many aspects of mathematical quality We all agree that mathematicians should strive to produce good mathematics. But how does one define “good mathematics”, and should one even dare to try at all? Let us first consider the former question. Almost immediately one realises that there are many different types of mathematics which could be designated “good”. For instance, “good mathematics ” could refer (in no particular order) to (i) Good mathematical problemsolving (e.g. a major breakthrough on an important mathematical problem); (ii) Good mathematical technique (e.g. a masterful use of existing methods, or the development of new tools); (iii) Good mathematical theory (e.g. a conceptual framework or choice of notation which systematically unifies and generalises an existing body of results);
Prime numbers and Lfunctions
"... Abstract. The classical memoir by Riemann on the zeta function was motivated by questions about the distribution of prime numbers. But there are important problems concerning prime numbers which cannot be addressed along these lines, for example the representation of primes by polynomials. In this t ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. The classical memoir by Riemann on the zeta function was motivated by questions about the distribution of prime numbers. But there are important problems concerning prime numbers which cannot be addressed along these lines, for example the representation of primes by polynomials. In this talk I will show a panorama of techniques, which modern analytic number theorists use in the study of prime numbers. Among these are sieve methods. I will explain how the primes are captured by adopting new axioms for sieve theory. I shall also discuss recent progress in traditional questions about primes, such as small gaps, and fundamental ones such as equidistribution in arithmetic progressions. However, my primary objective is to indicate the current directions in Prime Number Theory.
PRIMES IN TUPLES III: On the difference pn+ν − pn
"... As an approximation to the twin prime problem, Hardy and Littlewood initiated the investigation of (1.1) ∆ν: = lim inf n→∞ ..."
Abstract
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
As an approximation to the twin prime problem, Hardy and Littlewood initiated the investigation of (1.1) ∆ν: = lim inf n→∞
The
"... dichotomy between structure and randomness, arithmetic progressions, and the primes ..."
Abstract
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
dichotomy between structure and randomness, arithmetic progressions, and the primes
The work of Terence Tao
"... Mathematics at the highest level has several flavors. On seeing it, one might say: ..."
Abstract
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Mathematics at the highest level has several flavors. On seeing it, one might say: