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58
DavenportSchinzel Sequences and Their Geometric Applications
, 1998
"... An (n; s) DavenportSchinzel sequence, for positive integers n and s, is a sequence composed of n distinct symbols with the properties that no two adjacent elements are equal, and that it does not contain, as a (possibly noncontiguous) subsequence, any alternation a \Delta \Delta \Delta b \Delta \ ..."
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Cited by 425 (121 self)
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An (n; s) DavenportSchinzel sequence, for positive integers n and s, is a sequence composed of n distinct symbols with the properties that no two adjacent elements are equal, and that it does not contain, as a (possibly noncontiguous) subsequence, any alternation a \Delta \Delta \Delta b \Delta \Delta \Delta a \Delta \Delta \Delta b \Delta \Delta \Delta of length s + 2 between two distinct symbols a and b. The close relationship between DavenportSchinzel sequences and the combinatorial structure of lower envelopes of collections of functions make the sequences very attractive because a variety of geometric problems can be formulated in terms of lower envelopes. A nearlinear bound on the maximum length of DavenportSchinzel sequences enable us to derive sharp bounds on the combinatorial structure underlying various geometric problems, which in turn yields efficient algorithms for these problems.
Fitting Smooth Surfaces to Dense Polygon Meshes
 Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 96
, 1996
"... Recent progress in acquiring shape from range data permits the acquisition of seamless millionpolygon meshes from physical models. In this paper, we present an algorithm and system for converting dense irregular polygon meshes of arbitrary topology into tensor product Bspline surface patches with ..."
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Cited by 208 (5 self)
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Recent progress in acquiring shape from range data permits the acquisition of seamless millionpolygon meshes from physical models. In this paper, we present an algorithm and system for converting dense irregular polygon meshes of arbitrary topology into tensor product Bspline surface patches with accompanying displacement maps. This choice of representation yields a coarse but efficient model suitable for animation and a fine but more expensive model suitable for rendering. The first step in our process consists of interactively painting patch boundaries over a rendering of the mesh. In many applications, interactive placement of patch boundaries is considered part of the creative process and is not amenable to automation. The next step is gridded resampling of eachboundedsection of the mesh. Our resampling algorithm lays a grid of springs acrossthe polygonmesh, then iterates between relaxing this grid and subdividing it. This grid provides a parameterization for the mesh section, w...
Geometric Shortest Paths and Network Optimization
 Handbook of Computational Geometry
, 1998
"... Introduction A natural and wellstudied problem in algorithmic graph theory and network optimization is that of computing a "shortest path" between two nodes, s and t, in a graph whose edges have "weights" associated with them, and we consider the "length" of a path to be the sum of the weights of t ..."
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Cited by 147 (12 self)
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Introduction A natural and wellstudied problem in algorithmic graph theory and network optimization is that of computing a "shortest path" between two nodes, s and t, in a graph whose edges have "weights" associated with them, and we consider the "length" of a path to be the sum of the weights of the edges that comprise it. Efficient algorithms are well known for this problem, as briefly summarized below. The shortest path problem takes on a new dimension when considered in a geometric domain. In contrast to graphs, where the encoding of edges is explicit, a geometric instance of a shortest path problem is usually specified by giving geometric objects that implicitly encode the graph and its edge weights. Our goal in devising efficient geometric algorithms is generally to avoid explicit construction of the entire underlying graph, since the full induced graph may be very large (even exponential in the input size, or infinite). Computing an optimal
Greedy optimal homotopy and homology generators
 Proc. 16th Ann. ACMSIAM Symp. Discrete Algorithms
, 2005
"... Abstract We describe simple greedy algorithms to construct the shortest set of loops that generates either the fundamental group (with a given basepoint) or the first homology group (over any fixed coefficient field) of any oriented 2manifold. In particular, we show that the shortest set of loops t ..."
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Cited by 88 (12 self)
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Abstract We describe simple greedy algorithms to construct the shortest set of loops that generates either the fundamental group (with a given basepoint) or the first homology group (over any fixed coefficient field) of any oriented 2manifold. In particular, we show that the shortest set of loops that generate the fundamental group of any oriented combinatorial 2manifold, with any given basepoint, can be constructed in O(n log n) time using a straightforward application of Dijkstra's shortest path algorithm. This solves an open problem of Colin de Verdi`ere and Lazarus.
Folding and Unfolding in Computational Geometry
"... Three open problems on folding/unfolding are discussed: (1) Can every convex polyhedron be cut along edges and unfolded at to a single nonoverlapping piece? (2) Given gluing instructions for a polygon, construct the unique 3D convex polyhedron to which itfolds. (3) Can every planar polygonal chain ..."
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Cited by 54 (4 self)
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Three open problems on folding/unfolding are discussed: (1) Can every convex polyhedron be cut along edges and unfolded at to a single nonoverlapping piece? (2) Given gluing instructions for a polygon, construct the unique 3D convex polyhedron to which itfolds. (3) Can every planar polygonal chain be straightened?
Approximating Weighted Shortest Paths on Polyhedral Surfaces
 In 6th Annual Video Review of Computational Geometry, Proc. 13th ACM Symp. Computational Geometry
, 1996
"... Consider a simple polyhedron P, possibly nonconvex, composed of n triangular regions (faces), each assigned a positive weight indicating the cost of travel in that region. We present and experimentally study several algorithms to compute an approximate weighted geodesic shortest path, ß 0 (s; t) ..."
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Cited by 47 (5 self)
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Consider a simple polyhedron P, possibly nonconvex, composed of n triangular regions (faces), each assigned a positive weight indicating the cost of travel in that region. We present and experimentally study several algorithms to compute an approximate weighted geodesic shortest path, ß 0 (s; t), between two points s and t on the surface of P. Our algorithms are simple, practical, less prone to numerical problems, adaptable to a wide spectrum of weight functions, and use only elementary data structures. An additional feature of our algorithms is that execution time and space utilization can be traded off for accuracy; likewise, a sequence of approximate shortest paths for a given pair of points can be computed with increasing accuracy (and execution time) if desired. Dynamic changes to the polyhedron (removal, insertions of vertices or faces) are easily handled. The key step in these algorithms is the construction of a graph by introducing Steiner points on the edges of the given p...
Metamorphosis of Arbitrary Triangular Meshes
 ABSTRACT TO APPEAR IN IEEE COMPUTER GRAPHICS AND APPLICATIONS
"... Recently, animations with deforming objects have been frequently used in various computer graphics applications. Metamorphosis (or morphing) of threedimensional objects is one of the techniques which realizes shape transformation between two or more existing objects. In this paper, we present an ef ..."
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Cited by 41 (3 self)
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Recently, animations with deforming objects have been frequently used in various computer graphics applications. Metamorphosis (or morphing) of threedimensional objects is one of the techniques which realizes shape transformation between two or more existing objects. In this paper, we present an efficient framework for metamorphosis between two topologically equivalent, arbitrary meshes with the control of surface correspondences by the user. The basic idea of our method is to partition meshes according to the reference shapes specified by the user, whereby vertextovertex correspondences between the two meshes can be specified. Each of the partitioned meshes is embedded into a polygonal region on the plane with harmonic mapping. Those embedded meshes have the same graph structure as their original meshes. By overlapping those two embedded meshes, we can establish correspondence between them. Based on this correspondence, metamorphosis is achieved by interpolating the corresponding vertices from one mesh 1 to the other. We demonstrate that the minimum control of surface correspondences by the user generates sophisticated results of the interpolation between two meshes.
A spectral approach to shapebased retrieval of articulated 3D models
 CAD
, 2007
"... We present an approach to robust shape retrieval from databases containing articulated 3D models. Each shape is represented by the eigenvectors of an appropriately defined affinity matrix, forming a spectral embedding which achieves normalization against rigidbody transformations, uniform scaling, ..."
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Cited by 37 (1 self)
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We present an approach to robust shape retrieval from databases containing articulated 3D models. Each shape is represented by the eigenvectors of an appropriately defined affinity matrix, forming a spectral embedding which achieves normalization against rigidbody transformations, uniform scaling, and shape articulation (bending). Retrieval is performed in the spectral domain using global shape descriptors. On the McGill database of articulated 3D shapes, the spectral approach leads to absolute improvement in retrieval performance for both the spherical harmonic and the light field shape descriptors. The best retrieval results are obtained using a simple and novel eigenvaluebased descriptor we propose.
Approximating Shortest Paths on a Convex Polytope in Three Dimensions
 J. Assoc. Comput. Mach
, 1997
"... Given a convex polytope P with n faces in IR 3 , points s; t 2 @P , and a parameter 0 ! " 1, we present an algorithm that constructs a path on @P from s to t whose length is at most (1+ ")d P (s; t), where dP (s; t) is the length of the shortest path between s and t on @P . The algorithm runs ..."
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Cited by 34 (11 self)
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Given a convex polytope P with n faces in IR 3 , points s; t 2 @P , and a parameter 0 ! " 1, we present an algorithm that constructs a path on @P from s to t whose length is at most (1+ ")d P (s; t), where dP (s; t) is the length of the shortest path between s and t on @P . The algorithm runs in O(n log 1=" + 1=" 3 ) time, and is relatively simple to implement. The running time is O(n+1=" 3 ) if we only want the approximate shortest path distance and not the path itself. We also present an extension of the algorithm that computes approximate shortest path distances from a given source point on @P to all vertices of P . Work by the first and the fourth authors has been supported by National Science Foundation Grant CCR9301259, by an Army Research Office MURI grant DAAH049610013, by a Sloan fellowship, by an NYI award, and by matching funds from Xerox Corporation. Work by the first three authors has been supported by a grant from the U.S.Israeli Binational Science ...
Geodesic Remeshing Using Front Propagation
, 2006
"... In this paper, we propose a complete framework for 3D geometry modeling and processing that uses only fast geodesic computations. The basic building block for these techniques is a novel greedy algorithm to perform a uniform or adaptive remeshing of a triangulated surface. Our other contributions in ..."
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Cited by 33 (8 self)
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In this paper, we propose a complete framework for 3D geometry modeling and processing that uses only fast geodesic computations. The basic building block for these techniques is a novel greedy algorithm to perform a uniform or adaptive remeshing of a triangulated surface. Our other contributions include a parameterization scheme based on barycentric coordinates, an intrinsic algorithm for computing geodesic centroidal tessellations, and a fast and robust method to flatten a genus0 surface patch. On large meshes (more than 500,000 vertices), our techniques speed up computation by over one order of magnitude in comparison to classical remeshing and parameterization methods. Our methods are easy to implement and do not need multilevel solvers to handle complex models that may contain poorly shaped triangles.