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An Experimental Comparison of MinCut/MaxFlow Algorithms for Energy Minimization in Vision
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 2001
"... After [10, 15, 12, 2, 4] minimum cut/maximum flow algorithms on graphs emerged as an increasingly useful tool for exact or approximate energy minimization in lowlevel vision. The combinatorial optimization literature provides many mincut/maxflow algorithms with different polynomial time compl ..."
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Cited by 794 (48 self)
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After [10, 15, 12, 2, 4] minimum cut/maximum flow algorithms on graphs emerged as an increasingly useful tool for exact or approximate energy minimization in lowlevel vision. The combinatorial optimization literature provides many mincut/maxflow algorithms with different polynomial time complexity. Their practical efficiency, however, has to date been studied mainly outside the scope of computer vision. The goal of this paper
Finding the k Shortest Paths
, 1997
"... We give algorithms for finding the k shortest paths (not required to be simple) connecting a pair of vertices in a digraph. Our algorithms output an implicit representation of these paths in a digraph with n vertices and m edges, in time O(m + n log n + k). We can also find the k shortest pat ..."
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Cited by 290 (1 self)
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We give algorithms for finding the k shortest paths (not required to be simple) connecting a pair of vertices in a digraph. Our algorithms output an implicit representation of these paths in a digraph with n vertices and m edges, in time O(m + n log n + k). We can also find the k shortest paths from a given source s to each vertex in the graph, in total time O(m + n log n +kn). We describe applications to dynamic programming problems including the knapsack problem, sequence alignment, maximum inscribed polygons, and genealogical relationship discovery. 1 Introduction We consider a longstudied generalization of the shortest path problem, in which not one but several short paths must be produced. The k shortest paths problem is to list the k paths connecting a given sourcedestination pair in the digraph with minimum total length. Our techniques also apply to the problem of listing all paths shorter than some given threshhold length. In the version of these problems studi...
Geometric Shortest Paths and Network Optimization
 Handbook of Computational Geometry
, 1998
"... Introduction A natural and wellstudied problem in algorithmic graph theory and network optimization is that of computing a "shortest path" between two nodes, s and t, in a graph whose edges have "weights" associated with them, and we consider the "length" of a path to be the sum of the weights of t ..."
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Cited by 147 (12 self)
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Introduction A natural and wellstudied problem in algorithmic graph theory and network optimization is that of computing a "shortest path" between two nodes, s and t, in a graph whose edges have "weights" associated with them, and we consider the "length" of a path to be the sum of the weights of the edges that comprise it. Efficient algorithms are well known for this problem, as briefly summarized below. The shortest path problem takes on a new dimension when considered in a geometric domain. In contrast to graphs, where the encoding of edges is explicit, a geometric instance of a shortest path problem is usually specified by giving geometric objects that implicitly encode the graph and its edge weights. Our goal in devising efficient geometric algorithms is generally to avoid explicit construction of the entire underlying graph, since the full induced graph may be very large (even exponential in the input size, or infinite). Computing an optimal
Minimum energy mobile wireless networks revisited
 In IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC
, 2001
"... Energy conservation is a critical issue in designing wireless ad hoc networks, as the nodes are powered by batteries only. Given a set of wireless network nodes, the directed weighted transmission graph Gt has an edge uv if and only if node v is in the transmission range of node u and the weight of ..."
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Cited by 118 (8 self)
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Energy conservation is a critical issue in designing wireless ad hoc networks, as the nodes are powered by batteries only. Given a set of wireless network nodes, the directed weighted transmission graph Gt has an edge uv if and only if node v is in the transmission range of node u and the weight of uv is typically defined as II,,vll + c for a constant 2 <_ t ~ < 5 and c> O. The minimum power topology Gm is the smallest subgraph of Gt that contains the shortest paths between all pairs of nodes, i.e., the union of all shortest paths. In this paper, we described a distributed positionbased networking protocol to construct an enclosure graph G~, which is an approximation of Gin. The time complexity of each node u is O(min(dG ~ (u)dG ~ (u), dG ~ (u) log dG ~ (u))), where dc(u) is the degree of node u in a graph G. The space required at each node to compute the minimum power topology is O(dG ~ (u)). This improves the previous result that computes Gm in O(dG, (u) a) time using O(dGt(U) 2) spaces. We also show that the average degree dG,(u) is usually a constant, which is at most 6. Our result is first developed for stationary network and then extended to mobile networks. I.
Greedy optimal homotopy and homology generators
 Proc. 16th Ann. ACMSIAM Symp. Discrete Algorithms
, 2005
"... Abstract We describe simple greedy algorithms to construct the shortest set of loops that generates either the fundamental group (with a given basepoint) or the first homology group (over any fixed coefficient field) of any oriented 2manifold. In particular, we show that the shortest set of loops t ..."
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Cited by 88 (12 self)
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Abstract We describe simple greedy algorithms to construct the shortest set of loops that generates either the fundamental group (with a given basepoint) or the first homology group (over any fixed coefficient field) of any oriented 2manifold. In particular, we show that the shortest set of loops that generate the fundamental group of any oriented combinatorial 2manifold, with any given basepoint, can be constructed in O(n log n) time using a straightforward application of Dijkstra's shortest path algorithm. This solves an open problem of Colin de Verdi`ere and Lazarus.
A New Approach to Dynamic All Pairs Shortest Paths
, 2002
"... We study novel combinatorial properties of graphs that allow us to devise a completely new approach to dynamic all pairs shortest paths problems. Our approach yields a fully dynamic algorithm for general directed graphs with nonnegative realvalued edge weights that supports any sequence of operatio ..."
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Cited by 73 (9 self)
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We study novel combinatorial properties of graphs that allow us to devise a completely new approach to dynamic all pairs shortest paths problems. Our approach yields a fully dynamic algorithm for general directed graphs with nonnegative realvalued edge weights that supports any sequence of operations in e O(n amortized time per update and unit worstcase time per distance query, where n is the number of vertices. We can also report shortest paths in optimal worstcase time. These bounds improve substantially over previous results and solve a longstanding open problem. Our algorithm is deterministic and uses simple data structures.
Globally optimal regions and boundaries as minimum ratio weight cycles
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 2001
"... Abstract. We describe a new form of energy functional for the modelling and identification of regions in images. The energy is defined on the space of boundaries in the image domain, and can incorporate very general combinations of modelling information both from the boundary (intensity gradients,.. ..."
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Cited by 72 (2 self)
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Abstract. We describe a new form of energy functional for the modelling and identification of regions in images. The energy is defined on the space of boundaries in the image domain, and can incorporate very general combinations of modelling information both from the boundary (intensity gradients,...), and from the interior of the region (texture, homogeneity,. We describe two polynomialtime digraph algorithms for finding the global minima of this energy. One of the algorithms is completely general, minimizing the functional for any choice of modelling information. It runs in a few seconds on a 256 × 256 image. The other algorithm applies to a subclass of functionals, but has the advantage of being extremely parallelizable. Neither algorithm requires initialization. 1.
Proximity search in databases
 In VLDB
, 1998
"... An information retrieval (IR) engine can rank documents based on textual proximityofkeywords within each document. In this paper we apply this notion to search across an entire database for objects that are \near " other relevant objects. Proximity search enables simple \focusing " queries ..."
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Cited by 60 (1 self)
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An information retrieval (IR) engine can rank documents based on textual proximityofkeywords within each document. In this paper we apply this notion to search across an entire database for objects that are \near " other relevant objects. Proximity search enables simple \focusing " queries based on general relationships among objects, helpful for interactive query sessions. We view the database as a graph, with data in vertices (objects) and relationships indicated by edges. Proximity is dened based on shortest paths between objects. We have implemented a prototype search engine that uses this model to enable keyword searches over databases, and we have found it very e ective for quickly nding relevant information. Computing the distance between objects in a graph stored on disk can be very expensive. Hence, we show how to build compact indexes that allow us to quickly nd the distance between objects at search time. Experiments show that our algorithms are ecient and scale well. 1
Exact and Approximate Distances in Graphs  a survey
 In ESA
, 2001
"... We survey recent and not so recent results related to the computation of exact and approximate distances, and corresponding shortest, or almost shortest, paths in graphs. We consider many different settings and models and try to identify some remaining open problems. ..."
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Cited by 57 (0 self)
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We survey recent and not so recent results related to the computation of exact and approximate distances, and corresponding shortest, or almost shortest, paths in graphs. We consider many different settings and models and try to identify some remaining open problems.
Planar Graphs, Negative Weight Edges, Shortest Paths, and Near Linear Time
 In Proc. 42nd IEEE Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
, 2001
"... for finding shortest paths in a planar graph with real weights. ..."
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Cited by 54 (0 self)
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for finding shortest paths in a planar graph with real weights.