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76
ADHESIVE AND QUASIADHESIVE CATEGORIES
 THEORETICAL INFORMATICS AND APPLICATIONS
, 1999
"... We introduce adhesive categories, which are categories with structure ensuring that pushouts along monomorphisms are wellbehaved, as well as quasiadhesive categories which restrict attention to regular monomorphisms. Many examples of graphical structures used in computer science are shown to be ex ..."
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Cited by 56 (3 self)
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We introduce adhesive categories, which are categories with structure ensuring that pushouts along monomorphisms are wellbehaved, as well as quasiadhesive categories which restrict attention to regular monomorphisms. Many examples of graphical structures used in computer science are shown to be examples of adhesive and quasiadhesive categories. Doublepushout graph rewriting generalizes well to rewriting on arbitrary adhesive and quasiadhesive categories.
Reactive Systems over Cospans
, 2005
"... The theory of reactive systems, introduced by Leifer and Milner and previously extended by the authors, allows the derivation of wellbehaved labelled transition systems (LTS) for semantic models with an underlying reduction semantics. The derivation procedure requires the presence of certain colimi ..."
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Cited by 47 (2 self)
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The theory of reactive systems, introduced by Leifer and Milner and previously extended by the authors, allows the derivation of wellbehaved labelled transition systems (LTS) for semantic models with an underlying reduction semantics. The derivation procedure requires the presence of certain colimits (or, more usually and generally, bicolimits) which need to be constructed separately within each model. In this paper, we o#er a general construction of such bicolimits in a class of bicategories of cospans. The construction sheds light on as well as extends Ehrig and Konig's rewriting via borrowed contexts and opens the way to a unified treatment of several applications.
Axioms For Bigraphical Structure
 UNDER CONSIDERATION FOR PUBLICATION IN MATH. STRUCT. IN COMP. SCIENCE
, 2005
"... This paper axiomatises the structure of bigraphs, and proves that the resulting theory is complete. Bigraphs are graphs with double structure, representing locality and connectivity. They have been shown to represent dynamic theories for the #calculus, mobile ambients and Petri nets, in a way th ..."
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Cited by 41 (8 self)
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This paper axiomatises the structure of bigraphs, and proves that the resulting theory is complete. Bigraphs are graphs with double structure, representing locality and connectivity. They have been shown to represent dynamic theories for the #calculus, mobile ambients and Petri nets, in a way that is faithful to each of those models of discrete behaviour. While the main purpose of bigraphs is to understand mobile systems, a prerequisite for this understanding is a wellbehaved theory of the structure of states in such systems. The algebra of bigraph structure is surprisingly simple, as the paper demonstrates; this is because bigraphs treat locality and connectivity orthogonally
Saturated semantics for reactive systems
 LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2006
"... The semantics of process calculi has traditionally been specified by labelled transition systems (LTS), but with the development of name calculi it turned out that reaction rules (i.e., unlabelled transition rules) are often more natural. This leads to the question of how behavioural equivalences (b ..."
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Cited by 36 (18 self)
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The semantics of process calculi has traditionally been specified by labelled transition systems (LTS), but with the development of name calculi it turned out that reaction rules (i.e., unlabelled transition rules) are often more natural. This leads to the question of how behavioural equivalences (bisimilarity, trace equivalence, etc.) defined for LTS can be transferred to unlabelled transition systems. Recently, in order to answer this question, several proposals have been made with the aim of automatically deriving an LTS from reaction rules in such a way that the resulting equivalences are congruences. Furthermore these equivalences should agree with the intended semantics, whenever one exists. In this paper we propose saturated semantics, based on a weaker notion of observation and orthogonal to all the previous proposals, and we demonstrate the appropriateness of our semantics by means of two examples: logic programming and a subset of the open πcalculus. Indeed, we prove that our equivalences are congruences and that they coincide with logical equivalence and open bisimilarity respectively, while equivalences studied in previous works are strictly finer.
Weak Adhesive HighLevel Replacement Categories and Systems: A Unifying . . .
, 2006
"... Adhesive highlevel replacement (HLR) systems have been recently introduced as a new categorical framework for graph tranformation in the double pushout (DPO) approach. They combine the wellknown concept of HLR systems with the concept of adhesive categories introduced by Lack and Sobociński. Wh ..."
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Cited by 34 (11 self)
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Adhesive highlevel replacement (HLR) systems have been recently introduced as a new categorical framework for graph tranformation in the double pushout (DPO) approach. They combine the wellknown concept of HLR systems with the concept of adhesive categories introduced by Lack and Sobociński. While graphs, typed graphs, attributed graphs and several other variants of graphs together with corresponding morphisms are adhesive HLR categories, such that the categorical framework of adhesive HLR systems can be applied, this has been claimed also for Petri nets. In this paper we show that this claim is wrong for place/transition nets and algebraic highlevel nets, although several results of the theory for adhesive HLR systems are known to be true for the corresponding Petri net transformation systems. In fact, we are able to define a weaker version of adhesive HLR categories, called weak adhesive HLR categories, which is still sufficient to show all the results known for adhesive HLR systems. This concept includes not only all kinds of graphs mentioned above, but also place/transition nets, algebraic highlevel nets and several other kinds of Petri nets. For this reason weak adhesive HLR systems can be seen as a unifying framework for graph and Petri net transformations.
Transition systems, link graphs and Petri nets
, 2004
"... A framework is defined within which reactive systems can be studied formally. The framework is based upon scategories, a new variety of categories, within which reactive systems can be set up in such a way that labelled transition systems can be uniformly extracted. These lead in turn to behavi ..."
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Cited by 29 (5 self)
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A framework is defined within which reactive systems can be studied formally. The framework is based upon scategories, a new variety of categories, within which reactive systems can be set up in such a way that labelled transition systems can be uniformly extracted. These lead in turn to behavioural preorders and equivalences, such as the failures preorder (treated elsewhere) and bisimilarity, which are guaranteed to be congruential. The theory rests upon the notion of relative pushout previously introduced by the authors. The framework
Matching of Bigraphs
 PREPRINT OF GTVC 2006
, 2006
"... We analyze the matching problem for bigraphs. In particular, we present a sound and complete inductive characterization of matching of binding bigraphs. Our results pave the way for a provably correct matching algorithm, as needed for an implementation of bigraphical reactive systems. ..."
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Cited by 23 (12 self)
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We analyze the matching problem for bigraphs. In particular, we present a sound and complete inductive characterization of matching of binding bigraphs. Our results pave the way for a provably correct matching algorithm, as needed for an implementation of bigraphical reactive systems.
Reactive Systems, Barbed Semantics, and the Mobile Ambients
"... Reactive systems, proposed by Leifer and Milner, represent a metaframework aimed at deriving behavioral congruences for those specification formalisms whose operational semantics is provided by rewriting rules. Despite its applicability, reactive systems suffered so far from two main drawbacks. Fir ..."
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Cited by 22 (6 self)
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Reactive systems, proposed by Leifer and Milner, represent a metaframework aimed at deriving behavioral congruences for those specification formalisms whose operational semantics is provided by rewriting rules. Despite its applicability, reactive systems suffered so far from two main drawbacks. First of all, no technique was found for recovering a set of inference rules, e.g. in the socalled SOS style, for describing the distilled observational semantics. Most importantly, the efforts focussed on strong bisimilarity, tackling neither weak nor barbed semantics. Our paper addresses both issues, instantiating them on a calculus whose semantics is still in a flux: Cardelli and Gordon’s mobile ambients. While the solution to the first issue is tailored over our case study, we provide a general framework for recasting (weak) barbed equivalence in the reactive systems formalism. Moreover, we prove that our proposal captures the behavioural semantics for mobile ambients proposed by Rathke and Sobociński and by Merro and Zappa Nardelli.
Process Bisimulation via a Graphical Encoding
 IN: ICGT ‘06. VOLUME 4178 OF LNCS
, 2006
"... The paper presents a case study on the synthesis of labelled transition systems (ltss) for process calculi, choosing as testbed Milner’s Calculus of Communicating System (ccs). The proposal is based on a graphical encoding: each ccs process is mapped into a graph equipped with suitable interfaces, s ..."
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Cited by 21 (13 self)
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The paper presents a case study on the synthesis of labelled transition systems (ltss) for process calculi, choosing as testbed Milner’s Calculus of Communicating System (ccs). The proposal is based on a graphical encoding: each ccs process is mapped into a graph equipped with suitable interfaces, such that the denotation is fully abstract with respect to the usual structural congruence. Graphs with interfaces are amenable to the synthesis mechanism based on borrowed contexts (bcs), proposed by Ehrig and König (which are an instance of relative pushouts, originally introduced by Milner and Leifer). The bc mechanism allows the effective construction of an lts that has graphs with interfaces as both states and labels, and such that the associated bisimilarity is automatically a congruence. Our paper focuses on the analysis of the lts distilled by exploiting the encoding of ccs processes: besides offering some technical contributions towards the simplification of the bc mechanism, the key result of our work is the proof that the bisimilarity on processes obtained via bcs coincides with the standard strong bisimilarity for ccs.
Adhesive HighLevel Replacement Systems: A New Categorical Framework for Graph Transformation
, 2006
"... Adhesive highlevel replacement (HLR) systems are introduced as a new categorical framework for graph transformation in the double pushout (DPO) approach, which combines the wellknown concept of HLR systems with the new concept of adhesive categories introduced by Lack and Sobociński. In this pa ..."
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Cited by 20 (12 self)
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Adhesive highlevel replacement (HLR) systems are introduced as a new categorical framework for graph transformation in the double pushout (DPO) approach, which combines the wellknown concept of HLR systems with the new concept of adhesive categories introduced by Lack and Sobociński. In this paper we show that most of the HLR properties, which had been introduced to generalize some basic results from the category of graphs to highlevel structures, are valid already in adhesive HLR categories. This leads to a smooth categorical theory of HLR systems which can be applied to a large variety of graphs and other visual models. As a main new result in a categorical framework we show the Critical Pair Lemma for the local confluence of transformations. Moreover we present a new version of embeddings and extensions for transformations in our framework of adhesive HLR systems.