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Branched quantum wave guides with Dirichlet boundary conditions: the decoupling case
 Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General
"... Abstract. We consider a family of open sets Mε which shrinks with respect to an appropriate parameter ε to a graph. Under the additional assumption that the vertex neighbourhoods are small we show that the appropriately shifted Dirichlet spectrum of Mε converges to the spectrum of the (differential) ..."
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Cited by 27 (7 self)
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Abstract. We consider a family of open sets Mε which shrinks with respect to an appropriate parameter ε to a graph. Under the additional assumption that the vertex neighbourhoods are small we show that the appropriately shifted Dirichlet spectrum of Mε converges to the spectrum of the (differential) Laplacian on the graph with Dirichlet boundary conditions at the vertices, i.e., a graph operator without coupling between different edges. The smallness is expressed by a lower bound on the first eigenvalue of a mixed eigenvalue problem on the vertex neighbourhood. The lower bound is given by the first transversal mode of the edge neighbourhood. We also allow curved edges and show that all bounded eigenvalues converge to the spectrum of a Laplacian acting on the edge with an additional potential coming from the curvature. 1.
Spectral convergence of noncompact quasionedimensional spaces
 Ann. H. Poincaré
"... Abstract. We consider a family of noncompact manifolds Xε (“graphlike manifolds”) approaching a metric graph X0 and establish convergence results of the related natural operators, namely the (Neumann) Laplacian ∆ Xε and the generalised Neumann (Kirchhoff) Laplacian ∆ X0 on the metric graph. In par ..."
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Cited by 8 (0 self)
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Abstract. We consider a family of noncompact manifolds Xε (“graphlike manifolds”) approaching a metric graph X0 and establish convergence results of the related natural operators, namely the (Neumann) Laplacian ∆ Xε and the generalised Neumann (Kirchhoff) Laplacian ∆ X0 on the metric graph. In particular, we show the norm convergence of the resolvents, spectral projections and eigenfunctions. As a consequence, the essential and the discrete spectrum converge as well. Neither the manifolds nor the metric graph need to be compact, we only need some natural uniformity assumptions. We provide examples of manifolds having spectral gaps in the essential spectrum, discrete eigenvalues in the gaps or even manifolds approaching a fractal spectrum. The convergence results will be given in a completely abstract setting dealing with operators acting in different spaces, applicable also in other geometric situations. 1.
Location of the nodal set for thin curved tubes
, 2006
"... The Dirichlet Laplacian in curved tubes of arbitrary constant crosssection rotating together with the Tang frame along a bounded curve in Euclidean spaces of arbitrary dimension is investigated in the limit when the volume of the crosssection diminishes. We show that spectral properties of the Lap ..."
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Cited by 5 (0 self)
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The Dirichlet Laplacian in curved tubes of arbitrary constant crosssection rotating together with the Tang frame along a bounded curve in Euclidean spaces of arbitrary dimension is investigated in the limit when the volume of the crosssection diminishes. We show that spectral properties of the Laplacian are in this limit approximated well by those of the sum of the Dirichlet Laplacian in the crosssection and a onedimensional Schrödinger operator whose potential is expressed solely in terms of the first curvature of the reference curve. In particular, we establish the convergence of eigenvalues, the uniform convergence of eigenfunctions and locate the nodal set of the Dirichlet Laplacian in the tube near nodal points of the onedimensional Schrödinger operator. As a consequence, we prove the “nodalline conjecture ” for a class of nonconvex and possibly multiply connected domains. The results are based on a perturbation theory developed for Schrödingertype operators in a straight tube of diminishing crosssection. This also enables us to obtain similar results in the case where the crosssection is allowed to vary along the reference curve, provided we impose certain restrictions on the deviation from the constant crosssection case.