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- Bioinformatics , 2004
"... Motivation: Alternative splicing (AS) serves as a mechanism to create diversity of functional proteins. Increasing evidence indicates that a large portion of genes have AS forms. Hence AS variants should be considered while analyzing gene structures. Results: A new cross-species gene identification ..."
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Motivation: Alternative splicing (AS) serves as a mechanism to create diversity of functional proteins. Increasing evidence indicates that a large portion of genes have AS forms. Hence AS variants should be considered while analyzing gene structures. Results: A new cross-species gene identification and AS analysis system, PSEP, has been developed. The system is based on EST-to-genome and genome-to-genome comparisons and is implemented in two steps: sequence alignment and a series of post-alignment processes, including progressive signal extracting and patching. For gene identification, these post-alignment processes serve as noise filters and enable PSEP to eliminate approximately 88 % of potential overprediction. The overall accuracy of PSEP is better or comparable to that of other well-known cross-species gene prediction programs, including the ROSETTA program, TWINSCAN, SGP-1/-2, and SLAM, when tested on three benchmark data sets (the ELN gene region, the HoxA cluster, and the ROSETTA set). In addition, 76.2 % and 76.0 % of multiple-exon genes in the ROSETTA data set and human chromosome 20, respectively, are found to have AS forms. Approximately 23 % of the 210 elementary alternatives identified in the ROSETTA data set are not conserved between the human and mouse genomes, and all of the 210 transcripts are not found in the RefSeq annotation. With its dual functions in cross-species conserved sequence analysis and AS analysis, PSEP is highly suitable for studying the evolution of AS patterns and for finding unidentified gene expression features. Availability: The programs of PESP as well as the visualization tool required to build the proposed annotation scheme is available at