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22
The Tile Model
 PROOF, LANGUAGE AND INTERACTION: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF ROBIN MILNER
, 1996
"... In this paper we introduce a model for a wide class of computational systems, whose behaviour can be described by certain rewriting rules. We gathered our inspiration both from the world of term rewriting, in particular from the rewriting logic framework [Mes92], and of concurrency theory: among the ..."
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Cited by 74 (27 self)
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In this paper we introduce a model for a wide class of computational systems, whose behaviour can be described by certain rewriting rules. We gathered our inspiration both from the world of term rewriting, in particular from the rewriting logic framework [Mes92], and of concurrency theory: among the others, the structured operational semantics [Plo81], the context systems [LX90] and the structured transition systems [CM92] approaches. Our model recollects many properties of these sources: first, it provides a compositional way to describe both the states and the sequences of transitions performed by a given system, stressing their distributed nature. Second, a suitable notion of typed proof allows to take into account also those formalisms relying on the notions of synchronization and sideeffects to determine the actual behaviour of a system. Finally, an equivalence relation over sequences of transitions is defined, equipping the system under analysis with a concurrent semantics, ...
History Dependent Automata
, 2001
"... In this paper we present historydependent automata (HDautomata in brief). They are an extension of ordinary automata that overcomes their limitations in dealing with historydependent formalisms. In a historydependent formalism the actions that a system can perform carry information generated i ..."
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Cited by 50 (11 self)
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In this paper we present historydependent automata (HDautomata in brief). They are an extension of ordinary automata that overcomes their limitations in dealing with historydependent formalisms. In a historydependent formalism the actions that a system can perform carry information generated in the past history of the system. The most interesting example is calculus: channel names can be created by some actions and they can then be referenced by successive actions. Other examples are CCS with localities and the historypreserving semantics of Petri nets. Ordinary
A Comprehensive Study of the Complexity of Multiparty Interaction
 Journal of the ACM
, 1996
"... A multiparty interaction is a set of I/O actions executed jointly by a number of processes, each of which must be ready to execute its own action for any of the actions in the set to occur. An attempt to participate in an interaction delays a process until all other participants are available. Altho ..."
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Cited by 31 (8 self)
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A multiparty interaction is a set of I/O actions executed jointly by a number of processes, each of which must be ready to execute its own action for any of the actions in the set to occur. An attempt to participate in an interaction delays a process until all other participants are available. Although a relatively new concept, the multiparty interaction has found its way into a number of distributed programming languages and algebraic models of concurrency. In this paper, we present a taxonomy of languages for multiparty interaction that covers all proposals of which we are aware. Based on this taxonomy, we then present a comprehensive analysis of the computational complexity of the multiparty interaction scheduling problem, the problem of scheduling multiparty interactions in a given execution environment. 1 Introduction A multiparty interaction is a set of I/O actions executed jointly by a number of processes, each of which must be ready to execute its own action for any of the act...
Turing Machines, Transition Systems, and Interaction
 Information and Computation
, 2004
"... We present Persistent Turing Machines (PTMs), a new way of interpreting Turingmachine computation, one that is both interactive and persistent. A PTM repeatedly receives an input token from the environment, computes for a while, and then outputs the result. Moreover, it can \remember" its p ..."
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Cited by 29 (4 self)
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We present Persistent Turing Machines (PTMs), a new way of interpreting Turingmachine computation, one that is both interactive and persistent. A PTM repeatedly receives an input token from the environment, computes for a while, and then outputs the result. Moreover, it can \remember" its previous state (worktape contents) upon commencing a new computation. We show that the class of PTMs is isomorphic to a very general class of eective transition systems, thereby allowing one to view PTMs as transition systems \in disguise." The persistent stream language (PSL) of a PTM is a coinductively dened set of interaction streams : innite sequences of pairs of the form (w i ; w o ), recording, for each interaction with the environment, the input token received by the PTM and the corresponding output token. We dene an innite hierarchy of successively ner equivalences for PTMs over nite interactionstream prexes and show that the limit of this hierarchy does not coincide with PSLequivalence. The presence of this \gap" can be attributed to the fact that the transition systems corresponding to PTM computations naturally exhibit unbounded nondeterminism. We also consider amnesic PTMs, where each new computation begins with a blank work tape, and a corresponding notion of equivalence based on amnesic stream languages (ASLs). We show that the class of ASLs is strictly contained in the class of PSLs. Amnesic stream languages are representative of the classical view of Turingmachine computation. One may consequently conclude that, in a streambased setting, the extension of the Turingmachine model with persistence is a nontrivial one, and provides a formal foundation for reasoning about programming concepts such as objects with static elds. We additional...
A Process Algebraic Semantics for Statecharts via State Refinement
 In PROCOMET '94. North Holland/Elsevier
, 1994
"... this paper we put forth a process algebraic semantics for statecharts agreeing with [19]. In particular, we provide a translation of statecharts into a process algebra with state refinement , a new operator introduced by the authors in [22]. The semantics of a statechart is then given by the labeled ..."
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Cited by 20 (3 self)
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this paper we put forth a process algebraic semantics for statecharts agreeing with [19]. In particular, we provide a translation of statecharts into a process algebra with state refinement , a new operator introduced by the authors in [22]. The semantics of a statechart is then given by the labeled transition system (LTS) of its translation, as defined by the process algebra's structural operational semantics (SOS). The benefits to be reaped by giving statecharts a process algebraic semantics include the following:
An Interactive Semantics of Logic Programming
 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
, 2001
"... We apply to logic programming some recently emerging ideas from the field of reductionbased communicating systems, with the aim of giving evidence of the hidden interactions and the coordination mechanisms that rule the operational machinery of such a programming paradigm. The semantic framework we ..."
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Cited by 13 (6 self)
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We apply to logic programming some recently emerging ideas from the field of reductionbased communicating systems, with the aim of giving evidence of the hidden interactions and the coordination mechanisms that rule the operational machinery of such a programming paradigm. The semantic framework we have chosen for presenting our results is tile logic, which has the advantage of allowing a uniform treatment of goals and observations and of applying abstract categorical tools for proving the results. As main contributions, we mention the finitary presentation of abstract unification, and a concurrent and coordinated abstract semantics consistent with the most common semantics of logic programming. Moreover, the compositionality of the tile semantics is guaranteed by standard results, as it reduces to check that the tile systems associated to logic programs enjoy the tile decomposition property. An extension of the approach for handling constraint systems is also discussed.
Split and ST bisimulation semantics
 Information and Computation
"... In this paper the notion of action atomicity is relaxed by permitting actions to be observed in the middle of their evolution. Non atomic semantic equivalences, based on the notion of bisimulation, are studied over stable event structures. Splitn bisimulation equivalence (denoted n ¸) considers ea ..."
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Cited by 13 (3 self)
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In this paper the notion of action atomicity is relaxed by permitting actions to be observed in the middle of their evolution. Non atomic semantic equivalences, based on the notion of bisimulation, are studied over stable event structures. Splitn bisimulation equivalence (denoted n ¸) considers each event as composed of n phases. ST bisimulation equivalence (denoted ST ¸ ) is a slight refinement of 2 ¸ where each ending phase is unambiguously associated to a beginning phase. We prove that, by increasing n, we get finer and finer equivalences (i.e. n+1 ¸ ` n ¸) and, moreover, that n+1 ¸ coincides with ST ¸ over those event structures whose autoconcurrency is at most n. The main consequence of these results is that, for image finite event structures, ST ¸ is the intersection of all the n ¸. 1 Introduction Most of the behavioural equivalences for concurrent systems are usually based on the assumption that the execution of an action is an atomic activity which cannot b...
Open Ended Systems, Dynamic Bisimulation and Tile Logic
, 2000
"... The sos formats ensuring that bisimilarity is a congruence often fail in the presence of structural axioms on the algebra of states. Dynamic bisimulation, introduced to characterize the coarsest congruence for ccs which is also a (weak) bisimulation, reconciles the bisimilarity as congruence pro ..."
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Cited by 8 (4 self)
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The sos formats ensuring that bisimilarity is a congruence often fail in the presence of structural axioms on the algebra of states. Dynamic bisimulation, introduced to characterize the coarsest congruence for ccs which is also a (weak) bisimulation, reconciles the bisimilarity as congruence property with such axioms and with the specication of open ended systems, where states can be recongured at runtime, at the cost of an innitary operation at the metalevel. We show that the compositional framework oered by tile logic is suitable to deal with structural axioms and open ended systems specications, allowing for a nitary presentation of context closure. Keywords: Bisimulation, sos formats, dynamic bisimulation, tile logic. Introduction The semantics of dynamic systems can be conveniently expressed via labelled transition systems (lts) whose states are terms over a certain algebra and whose labels describe some abstract behavioral information. Provided such informatio...
Compositional Semantics and Behavioral Equivalences for P Systems
, 2008
"... The aim of the paper is to give a compositional semantics in the style of the Structural Operational Semantics (SOS) and to study behavioral equivalence notions for P Systems. Firstly, we consider P Systems with maximal parallelism and without priorities. We define a process algebra, called P Algebr ..."
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Cited by 7 (7 self)
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The aim of the paper is to give a compositional semantics in the style of the Structural Operational Semantics (SOS) and to study behavioral equivalence notions for P Systems. Firstly, we consider P Systems with maximal parallelism and without priorities. We define a process algebra, called P Algebra, whose terms model membranes, we equip the algebra with a Labeled Transition System (LTS) obtained through SOS transition rules, and we study how some equivalence notions defined over the LTS model apply in our case. Then, we consider P Systems with priorities and extend the introduced framework to deal with them. We prove that our compositional semantics reflects correctly maximal parallelism and priorities.
Contributions to the Theory of Syntax with Bindings and to Process Algebra
, 2010
"... We develop a theory of syntax with bindings, focusing on: methodological issues concerning the convenient representation of syntax; techniques for recursive definitions and inductive reasoning. Our approach consists of a combination of FOAS (FirstOrder Abstract Syntax) and HOAS (HigherOrder Abst ..."
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Cited by 5 (4 self)
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We develop a theory of syntax with bindings, focusing on: methodological issues concerning the convenient representation of syntax; techniques for recursive definitions and inductive reasoning. Our approach consists of a combination of FOAS (FirstOrder Abstract Syntax) and HOAS (HigherOrder Abstract Syntax) and tries to take advantage of the best of both worlds. The connection between FOAS and HOAS follows some general patterns and is presented as a (formally certified) statement of adequacy. We also develop a general technique for proving bisimilarity in process algebra Our technique, presented as a formal proof system, is applicable to a wide range of process algebras. The proof system is incremental, in that it allows building incrementally an a priori unknown bisimulation, and patternbased, in that it works on equalities of process patterns (i.e., universally quantified equations of process terms containing process variables), thus taking advantage of equational reasoning in a “circular ” manner, inside coinductive proof loops. All the work presented here has been formalized in the Isabelle theorem prover. The formalization is performed in a general setting: arbitrary manysorted syntax with bindings and arbitrary SOSspecified process algebra in de Simone format. The usefulness of our techniques is illustrated by several formalized case studies: a development of callbyname and callbyvalue λcalculus with constants, including ChurchRosser theorems, connection with de Bruijn representation, connection with other Isabelle formalizations, HOAS representation, and contituationpassingstyle (CPS) transformation; a proof in HOAS of strong normalization for the polymorphic secondorder λcalculus (a.k.a. System F). We also indicate the outline and some details of the formal development. ii to Leili R. Marleene iii