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99
The Integration of Functions into Logic Programming: From Theory to Practice
 Journal of Logic Programming
, 1994
"... Abstract. Functional logic programming languages combine the most important declarative programming paradigms, and attempts to combine these paradigms have a long history. The declarative multiparadigm language Curry is influenced by recent advances in the foundations and implementation of function ..."
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Cited by 336 (54 self)
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Abstract. Functional logic programming languages combine the most important declarative programming paradigms, and attempts to combine these paradigms have a long history. The declarative multiparadigm language Curry is influenced by recent advances in the foundations and implementation of functional logic languages. The development of Curry is an international initiative intended to provide a common platform for the research, teaching, and application of integrated functional logic languages. This paper surveys the foundations of functional logic programming that are relevant for Curry, the main features of Curry, and extensions and applications of Curry and functional logic programming. 1
A unified computation model for functional and logic programming
 IN PROC. OF THE 24TH ACM SYMPOSIUM ON PRINCIPLES OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES (PARIS
, 1997
"... We propose a new computation model which combines the operational principles of functional languages (reduction), logic languages (nondeterministic search for solutions), and integrated functional logic languages (residuation and narrowing). This computation model combines efficient evaluation prin ..."
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Cited by 144 (71 self)
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We propose a new computation model which combines the operational principles of functional languages (reduction), logic languages (nondeterministic search for solutions), and integrated functional logic languages (residuation and narrowing). This computation model combines efficient evaluation principles of functional languages with the problemsolving capabilities of logic programming. Since the model allows the delay of function calls which are not sufficiently instantiated, it also supports a concurrent style of programming. We provide soundness and completeness results and show that known evaluation principles of functional logic languages are particular instances of this model. Thus, our model is a suitable basis for future declarative programming languages.
Higherorder narrowing with definitional trees
 Neural Computation
, 1996
"... Functional logic languages with a sound and complete operational semantics are mainly based on narrowing. Due to the huge search space of simple narrowing, steadily improved narrowing strategies have been developed in the past. Needed narrowing is currently the best narrowing strategy for firstord ..."
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Cited by 78 (23 self)
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Functional logic languages with a sound and complete operational semantics are mainly based on narrowing. Due to the huge search space of simple narrowing, steadily improved narrowing strategies have been developed in the past. Needed narrowing is currently the best narrowing strategy for firstorder functional logic programs due to its optimality properties w.r.t. the length of derivations and the number of computed solutions. In this paper, we extend the needed narrowing strategy to higherorder functions and λterms as data structures. By the use of definitional trees, our strategy computes only incomparable solutions. Thus, it is the first calculus for higherorder functional logic programming which provides for such an optimality result. Since we allow higherorder logical variables denoting λterms, applications go beyond current functional and logic programming languages.
Constructorbased Conditional Narrowing
 In Proc. of the 3rd International ACM SIGPLAN Conference on Principles and Practice of Declarative Programming (PPDP 2001
, 2001
"... We define a transformation from a leftlinear constructorbased conditional rewrite system into an overlapping inductively sequential rewrite system. This transformation is sound and complete for the computations in the source system. Since there exists a sound and complete narrowing strategy for t ..."
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Cited by 53 (23 self)
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We define a transformation from a leftlinear constructorbased conditional rewrite system into an overlapping inductively sequential rewrite system. This transformation is sound and complete for the computations in the source system. Since there exists a sound and complete narrowing strategy for the target system, the combination of these results offers the first procedure for provably sound and complete narrowing computations for the whole class of the leftlinear constructorbased conditional rewrite systems. We address the differences between demand driven and lazy strategies and between narrowing strategies and narrowing calculi. In this context, we analyze the efficiency and practicality of using our transformation for the implementation of functional logic programming languages. The results of this paper complement, extend, and occasionally rectify, previously published results in this area. Categories and Subject Descriptors D.1.1 [Programming Techniques]: Applicative (Functional) Programming; D.1.6 [Programming Techniques]: Logic Programming; D.3.3 [Programming Languages]: Language Constructs and FeaturesControl structures; D.3.4 [Programming Languages ]: ProcessorsOptimization; F.4.2 [Mathematical Logic and Formal Languages]: Grammars and Other Rewriting Systems; I.1.1 [Algebraic Manipulation]: Expressions and Their Representation Simplification of expressions; I.2.2 [Automatic Programming ]: Program transformation General Terms Algorithms, Languages, Performance, Theory Keywords Functional Logic Programming Languages, Rewrite Systems, Narrowing Strategies, CallByNeed This work has been supported in part by the National Science Foundation grant INT9981317. 1.
Curry: A Truly Functional Logic Language
, 1995
"... Functional and logic programming are the most important declarative programming paradigms, and interest in combining them has grown over the last decade. However, integrated functional logic languages are currently not widely used. This is due to the fact that the operational principles are not w ..."
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Cited by 53 (5 self)
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Functional and logic programming are the most important declarative programming paradigms, and interest in combining them has grown over the last decade. However, integrated functional logic languages are currently not widely used. This is due to the fact that the operational principles are not well understood and many different evaluation strategies have been proposed which resulted in many different functional logic languages. To overcome this situation, we propose the functional logic language Curry which can deal as a standard language in this area. It includes important ideas of existing functional logic languages and recent developments, and combines the most important features of functional and logic languages. Thus, Curry can be the basis to combine the currently separated research efforts of the functional and logic programming communities and to boost declarative programming in general. Moreover, since functions provide for more efficient evaluation strategies and ...
Parallel Evaluation Strategies for Functional Logic Languages
 In Proc. of the Fourteenth International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP’97
, 1997
"... We introduce novel, sound, complete, and locally optimal evaluation strategies for functional logic programming languages. Our strategies combine, in a nontrivial way, two landmark techniques in this area: the computation of unifiers performed by needed narrowing in inductively sequential rewrite s ..."
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Cited by 48 (27 self)
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We introduce novel, sound, complete, and locally optimal evaluation strategies for functional logic programming languages. Our strategies combine, in a nontrivial way, two landmark techniques in this area: the computation of unifiers performed by needed narrowing in inductively sequential rewrite systems and the simultaneous reduction of a necessary set of redexes performed by rewriting in weakly orthogonal, constructorbased rewrite systems. First, we define a sequential strategy similar in scope to other narrowing strategies used in modern lazy functional logic languages. Then, based on the sequential strategy, we define a parallel narrowing strategy that has several noteworthy characteristics: it is the first complete narrowing strategy which evaluates ground expressions in a fully deterministic, optimal way; it computes shortest derivations and minimal sets of solutions on inductively sequential rewrite systems; and when combined with term simplification, it subsumes and improves all r...
ContextSensitive Rewriting Strategies
, 1997
"... Contextsensitive rewriting is a simple restriction of rewriting which is formalized by imposing fixed restrictions on replacements. Such a restriction is given on a purely syntactic basis: it is (explicitly or automatically) specified on the arguments of symbols of the signature and inductively ..."
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Cited by 43 (30 self)
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Contextsensitive rewriting is a simple restriction of rewriting which is formalized by imposing fixed restrictions on replacements. Such a restriction is given on a purely syntactic basis: it is (explicitly or automatically) specified on the arguments of symbols of the signature and inductively extended to arbitrary positions of terms built from those symbols. Termination is not only preserved but usually improved and several methods have been developed to formally prove it. In this paper, we investigate the definition, properties, and use of contextsensitive rewriting strategies, i.e., particular, fixed sequences of contextsensitive rewriting steps. We study how to define them in order to obtain efficient computations and to ensure that contextsensitive computations terminate whenever possible. We give conditions enabling the use of these strategies for rootnormalization, normalization, and infinitary normalization. We show that this theory is suitable for formalizing ...
Multiparadigm Declarative Languages
 In Proceedings of the International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP 2007
, 2007
"... Abstract. Declarative programming languages advocate a programming style expressing the properties of problems and their solutions rather than how to compute individual solutions. Depending on the underlying formalism to express such properties, one can distinguish different classes of declarative l ..."
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Cited by 37 (17 self)
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Abstract. Declarative programming languages advocate a programming style expressing the properties of problems and their solutions rather than how to compute individual solutions. Depending on the underlying formalism to express such properties, one can distinguish different classes of declarative languages, like functional, logic, or constraint programming languages. This paper surveys approaches to combine these different classes into a single programming language. 1
The NarrowingDriven Approach to Functional Logic Program Specialization
 New Generation Computing
, 2002
"... Partial evaluation is a semanticsbased program optimization technique which has been investigated within di#erent programming paradigms and applied to a wide variety of languages. Recently, a partial evaluation framework for functional logic programs has been proposed. ..."
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Cited by 34 (20 self)
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Partial evaluation is a semanticsbased program optimization technique which has been investigated within di#erent programming paradigms and applied to a wide variety of languages. Recently, a partial evaluation framework for functional logic programs has been proposed.
Overlapping Rules and Logic Variables in Functional Logic Programs
 In Twenty Second International Conference on Logic Programming
, 2006
"... Abstract. Functional logic languages extend purely functional languages with two features: operations defined by overlapping rules and logic variables in both defining rules and expressions to evaluate. In this paper, we show that only one of these features is sufficient in a core language. On the o ..."
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Cited by 34 (16 self)
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Abstract. Functional logic languages extend purely functional languages with two features: operations defined by overlapping rules and logic variables in both defining rules and expressions to evaluate. In this paper, we show that only one of these features is sufficient in a core language. On the one hand, overlapping rules can be eliminated by introducing logic variables in rules. On the other hand, logic variables can be eliminated by introducing operations defined by overlapping rules. The proposed transformations between different classes of programs not only give a better understanding of the features of functional logic programs but also may simplify implementations of functional logic languages. 1