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Elementary constructive operational set theory. To appear in: Festschrift for Wolfram Pohlers, Ontos Verlag
"... Abstract. We introduce an operational set theory in the style of [5] and [17]. The theory we develop here is a theory of constructive sets and operations. One motivation behind constructive operational set theory is to merge a constructive notion of set ([1], [2]) with some aspects which are typical ..."
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Abstract. We introduce an operational set theory in the style of [5] and [17]. The theory we develop here is a theory of constructive sets and operations. One motivation behind constructive operational set theory is to merge a constructive notion of set ([1], [2]) with some aspects which are typical of explicit mathematics [14]. In particular, one has nonextensional operations (or rules) alongside extensional constructive sets. Operations are in general partial and a limited form of self–application is permitted. The system we introduce here is a fully explicit, finitely axiomatised system of constructive sets and operations, which is shown to be as strong as HA. 1.
EM + Ext − + ACint is equivalent to ACext
, 2004
"... It is well known that the extensional axiom of choice (ACext) implies the law of excluded middle (EM). We here prove that the converse holds as well if we have the intensional (‘typetheoretical’) axiom of choice ACint, which is provable in MartinLöf’s type theory, and a weak extensionality princip ..."
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It is well known that the extensional axiom of choice (ACext) implies the law of excluded middle (EM). We here prove that the converse holds as well if we have the intensional (‘typetheoretical’) axiom of choice ACint, which is provable in MartinLöf’s type theory, and a weak extensionality principle (Ext−), which is provable in MartinLöf’s extensional type theory. In particular, EM ⇔ ACext holds in extensional type theory. The following is the principle ACint of intensional choice: if A, B are sets and R a relation such that (∀x: A)(∃y: B)R(x, y) is true, then there is a function f: A → B such that (∀x: A)R(x, f(x)) is true. It is provable in MartinLöf’s type theory [8, p. 50]. It follows from ACint that surjective functions have right inverses: If =B is an equivalence relation on B and f: A → B, we say that f is surjective if (∀y: B)(∃x: A)(y =B f(x)) is true. With R(y, x) def = (y =B f(x)), surjectivity
Locality, Weak or Strong Anticipation and Quantum Computing. I. Nonlocality in Quantum Theory
"... Abstract The universal Turing machine is an anticipatory theory of computability by any digital or quantum machine. However the ChurchTuring hypothesis only gives weak anticipation. The construction of the quantum computer (unlike classical computing) requires theory with strong anticipation. Categ ..."
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Abstract The universal Turing machine is an anticipatory theory of computability by any digital or quantum machine. However the ChurchTuring hypothesis only gives weak anticipation. The construction of the quantum computer (unlike classical computing) requires theory with strong anticipation. Category theory provides the necessary coordinatefree mathematical language which is both constructive and nonlocal to subsume the various interpretations of quantum theory in one pullback/pushout Dolittle diagram. This diagram can be used to test and classify physical devices and proposed algorithms for weak or strong anticipation. Quantum Information Science is more than a merger of ChurchTuring and quantum theories. It has constructively to bridge the nonlocal chasm between the weak anticipation of mathematics and the strong anticipation of physics.
MATHEMATICAL LOGIC QUARTERLY
, 2007
"... The axiomofchoice and the law of excluded middle in weak set theories ..."
and Theories Version 1.1, Reprinted by Theory and Applications of Categories
"... The first author gratefully acknowledges the support he has received from the NSERC of Canada for the last thirty seven years. Received by the editors 20050301. Transmitted by F. W. Lawvere, W. Tholen and R.J. Wood. Reprint published on 20050615. ..."
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The first author gratefully acknowledges the support he has received from the NSERC of Canada for the last thirty seven years. Received by the editors 20050301. Transmitted by F. W. Lawvere, W. Tholen and R.J. Wood. Reprint published on 20050615.
Did Brouwer Really Believe That?
, 2007
"... This article is a commentary on remarks made in a recent book [12] that perpetuate several myths about Brouwer and intuitionism. The footnote on page 279 of [12] is an unfortunate, historically and factually inaccurate, blemish on an otherwise remarkable book. In that footnote, in which Ok discusses ..."
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This article is a commentary on remarks made in a recent book [12] that perpetuate several myths about Brouwer and intuitionism. The footnote on page 279 of [12] is an unfortunate, historically and factually inaccurate, blemish on an otherwise remarkable book. In that footnote, in which Ok discusses Brouwer (who, incidentally, was normally known not as “Jan ” but as “Bertus”, a shortening of his second name, Egbertus), 1 he says:...later in his career, he [Brouwer] became the most forceful proponent of the socalled intuitionist philosophy of mathematics, which not only forbids the use of the Axiom of Choice but also rejects the axiom that a proposition is either true or false (thereby disallowing the method of proof by contradiction). The consequences of taking this position are dire. For instance, an intuitionist would not accept the existence of an irrational number! In fact, in his later years, Brouwer did not view the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem as a theorem. These sentences contain a number of outdated but still common misconceptions
Zermelo's WellOrdering Theorem in Type Theory
"... Abstract. Taking a `set ' to be a type together with an equivalence relation and adding an extensional choice axiom to the logical framework (a restricted version of constructive type theory) it is shown that any `set' can be wellordered. Zermelo's rst proof from 1904 is followed, with a simpli cat ..."
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Abstract. Taking a `set ' to be a type together with an equivalence relation and adding an extensional choice axiom to the logical framework (a restricted version of constructive type theory) it is shown that any `set' can be wellordered. Zermelo's rst proof from 1904 is followed, with a simpli cation to avoid using comparability of wellorderings. The proof has been formalised in the system AgdaLight. 1
WORLD THEORY
"... Abstract. In this paper a general mathematical model of the World will be constructed. I will show that a number of important theories in Physics are particularizations of the World Theory presented here. In particular, the worlds described by the Classical Mechanics, the Theory of Relativity and th ..."
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Abstract. In this paper a general mathematical model of the World will be constructed. I will show that a number of important theories in Physics are particularizations of the World Theory presented here. In particular, the worlds described by the Classical Mechanics, the Theory of Relativity and the Quantum Mechanics are examples of worlds according to this definition, but also some theories attempting to unify gravity and QM, like String Theory. This mathematical model is not a Unified Theory of Physics, it will not try to be a union of all the results. By contrary, it tries to keep only what is common and general to most of these theories. Special attention will be payed to the space, time, matter, and the physical laws. What do we know about the laws governing the Universe? What are the most general assumptions one can make about the Physical World? Each theory in Physics and each philosophical system came with its own vision trying to describe or explain the World, at least partially. In the following, I will try to keep the essential, and to establish a mathematical context, for all these visions. The purpose of this distillation is to provide a mathematical common background to both physical and metaphysical
TYPES, SETS AND CATEGORIES
"... This essay is an attempt to sketch the evolution of type theory from its beginnings early in the last century to the present day. Central to the development of the type concept has been its close relationship with set theory to begin with and later its even more intimate relationship with category t ..."
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This essay is an attempt to sketch the evolution of type theory from its beginnings early in the last century to the present day. Central to the development of the type concept has been its close relationship with set theory to begin with and later its even more intimate relationship with category theory. Since it is effectively impossible to describe these relationships (especially in regard to the latter) with any pretensions to completeness within the space of a comparatively short article, I have elected to offer detailed technical presentations of just a few important instances. 1 THE ORIGINS OF TYPE THEORY The roots of type theory lie in set theory, to be precise, in Bertrand Russell’s efforts to resolve the paradoxes besetting set theory at the end of the 19 th century. In analyzing these paradoxes Russell had come to find the set, or class, concept itself philosophically perplexing, and the theory of types can be seen as the outcome of his struggle to resolve these perplexities. But at first he seems to have regarded type theory as little more than a faute de mieux.