Results 1  10
of
15
String Pattern Matching For A Deluge Survival Kit
, 2000
"... String Pattern Matching concerns itself with algorithmic and combinatorial issues related to matching and searching on linearly arranged sequences of symbols, arguably the simplest possible discrete structures. As unprecedented volumes of sequence data are amassed, disseminated and shared at an incr ..."
Abstract

Cited by 5 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
String Pattern Matching concerns itself with algorithmic and combinatorial issues related to matching and searching on linearly arranged sequences of symbols, arguably the simplest possible discrete structures. As unprecedented volumes of sequence data are amassed, disseminated and shared at an increasing pace, effective access to, and manipulation of such data depend crucially on the efficiency with which strings are structured, compressed, transmitted, stored, searched and retrieved. This paper samples from this perspective, and with the authors' own bias, a rich arsenal of ideas and techniques developed in more than three decades of history.
On the relation between quantum mechanical probabilities and event frequencies
 Annals of Physics 313 (2004) 368 quantph/0403207
"... event frequencies ..."
What is a Random Sequence
 The Mathematical Association of America, Monthly
, 2002
"... there laws of randomness? These old and deep philosophical questions still stir controversy today. Some scholars have suggested that our difficulty in dealing with notions of randomness could be gauged by the comparatively late development of probability theory, which had a ..."
Abstract

Cited by 4 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
there laws of randomness? These old and deep philosophical questions still stir controversy today. Some scholars have suggested that our difficulty in dealing with notions of randomness could be gauged by the comparatively late development of probability theory, which had a
A Calculator for Confidence Intervals
 Comput. Phys. Commun. 149
, 2002
"... A calculator program has been written to give confidence intervals on branching ratios for rare decay modes (or similar quantities) calculated from the number of events observed, the acceptance factor, the background estimate and the associated errors. Results from different experiments (or differen ..."
Abstract

Cited by 4 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
A calculator program has been written to give confidence intervals on branching ratios for rare decay modes (or similar quantities) calculated from the number of events observed, the acceptance factor, the background estimate and the associated errors. Results from different experiments (or different channels from the same experiment) can be combined. The calculator is available in
Probabilities are singlecase, or nothing
 Optics and Spectroscopy
, 2005
"... Physicists have, hitherto, mostly adopted a frequentist conception of probability, according to which probability statements apply only to ensembles. It is argued that we should, instead, adopt an epistemic, or Bayesian conception, in which probabilities are conceived as logical constructs rather th ..."
Abstract

Cited by 3 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Physicists have, hitherto, mostly adopted a frequentist conception of probability, according to which probability statements apply only to ensembles. It is argued that we should, instead, adopt an epistemic, or Bayesian conception, in which probabilities are conceived as logical constructs rather than physical realities, and in which probability statements do apply directly to individual events. The question is closely related to the disagreement between the orthodox school of statistical thought and the Bayesian school. It has important technical implications (it makes a difference, what statistical methodology one adopts). It may also have important implications for the interpretation of the quantum state. 1 1.
CONCERNING DICE AND DIVINITY
, 2006
"... Einstein initially objected to the probabilistic aspect of quantum mechanics— the idea that God is playing at dice. Later he changed his ground, and focussed instead on the point that the Copenhagen Interpretation leads to what Einstein saw as the abandonment of physical realism. We argue here that ..."
Abstract

Cited by 2 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Einstein initially objected to the probabilistic aspect of quantum mechanics— the idea that God is playing at dice. Later he changed his ground, and focussed instead on the point that the Copenhagen Interpretation leads to what Einstein saw as the abandonment of physical realism. We argue here that Einstein’s initial intuition was perfectly sound, and that it is precisely the fact that quantum mechanics is a fundamentally probabilistic theory which is at the root of all the controversies regarding its interpretation. Probability is an intrinsically logical concept. This means that the quantum state has an essentially logical significance. It is extremely difficult to reconcile that fact with Einstein’s belief, that it is the task of physics to give us a vision of the world apprehended sub specie aeternitatis. Quantum mechanics thus presents us with a simple choice: either to follow Einstein in looking for a theory which is not probabilistic at the fundamental level, or else to accept that physics does not in fact put us in the position of God looking down on things from above. There is a widespread fear that the latter alternative must inevitably lead to a greatly impoverished,
Role And Meaning Of Subjective Probability Some Comments On Common Misconceptions
, 2000
"... . Criticisms of so called `subjective probability' come on the one hand from those who maintain that probability in physics has only a frequentistic interpretation, and, on the other, from those who tend to `objectivise' Bayesian theory, arguing, e.g., that subjective probabilities are indeed based ..."
Abstract

Cited by 2 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
. Criticisms of so called `subjective probability' come on the one hand from those who maintain that probability in physics has only a frequentistic interpretation, and, on the other, from those who tend to `objectivise' Bayesian theory, arguing, e.g., that subjective probabilities are indeed based `only on private introspection '. Some of the common misconceptions on subjective probability will be commented upon in support of the thesis that coherence is the most crucial, universal and `objective' way to assess our confidence on events of any kind. Key words: Subjective Bayesian Theory, Measurement Uncertainty 1. Introduction The role of scientists is, generally speaking, to understand Nature, in order to forecast as yet unobserved (`future') events, independently of whether or not these events can be influenced. In laboratory experiments and all technological applications, observations depend on our intentional manipulation of the external world. However, other scientific activiti...
Facts, Values and Quanta
 Foundations of Physics
, 2005
"... Quantum mechanics is a fundamentally probabilistic theory (at least so far as the empirical predictions are concerned). It follows that, if one wants to properly understand quantum mechanics, it is essential to clearly understand the meaning of probability statements. The interpretation of probabili ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Quantum mechanics is a fundamentally probabilistic theory (at least so far as the empirical predictions are concerned). It follows that, if one wants to properly understand quantum mechanics, it is essential to clearly understand the meaning of probability statements. The interpretation of probability has excited nearly as much philosophical controversy as the interpretation of quantum mechanics. 20 th century physicists have mostly adopted a frequentist conception. In this paper it is argued that we ought, instead, to adopt a logical or Bayesian conception. The paper includes a comparison of the orthodox and Bayesian theories of statistical inference. It concludes with a few remarks concerning the implications for the concept of physical reality. 1 1.
unknown title
, 2009
"... padic probability prediction of correlations between particles in the twoslit and neutron interferometry experiments ..."
Abstract
 Add to MetaCart
padic probability prediction of correlations between particles in the twoslit and neutron interferometry experiments
unknown title
, 2009
"... A hidden variables model for interference phenomena based on padic random dynamical systems ..."
Abstract
 Add to MetaCart
A hidden variables model for interference phenomena based on padic random dynamical systems