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Ordered Linear Logic and Applications
, 2001
"... This work is dedicated to my parents. Acknowledgments Firstly, and foremost, I would like to thank my principal advisor, Frank Pfenning, for his patience with me, and for teaching me most of what I know about logic and type theory. I would also like to acknowledge some useful discussions with Kevin ..."
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Cited by 36 (0 self)
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This work is dedicated to my parents. Acknowledgments Firstly, and foremost, I would like to thank my principal advisor, Frank Pfenning, for his patience with me, and for teaching me most of what I know about logic and type theory. I would also like to acknowledge some useful discussions with Kevin Watkins which led me to simplify some of this work. Finally, I would like to thank my other advisor, John Reynolds, for all his kindness and support over the last five years. Abstract This thesis introduces a new logical system, ordered linear logic, which combines reasoning with unrestricted, linear, and ordered hypotheses. The logic conservatively extends (intuitionistic) linear logic, which contains both unrestricted and linear hypotheses, with a notion of ordered hypotheses. Ordered hypotheses must be used exactly once, subject to the order in which they were assumed (i.e., their order cannot be changed during the course of a derivation). This ordering constraint allows for logical representations of simple data structures such as stacks and queues. We construct ordered linear logic in the style of MartinL"of from the basic notion of a hypothetical judgement. We then show normalization for the system by constructing a sequent calculus presentation and proving cutelimination of the sequent system.
Inductive Graphs and Functional Graph Algorithms
, 2001
"... We propose a new style of writing graph algorithms in functional languages which is based on an alternative view of graphs as inductively defined data types. We show how this graph model can be implemented efficiently, and then we demonstrate how graph algorithms can be succinctly given by recursive ..."
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We propose a new style of writing graph algorithms in functional languages which is based on an alternative view of graphs as inductively defined data types. We show how this graph model can be implemented efficiently, and then we demonstrate how graph algorithms can be succinctly given by recursive function definitions based on the inductive graph view. We also regard this as a contribution to the teaching of algorithms and data structures in functional languages since we can use the functionalstyle graph algorithms instead of the imperative algorithms that are dominant today. Keywords: Graphs in Functional Languages, Recursive Graph Algorithms, Teaching Graph Algorithms in Functional Languages
GHood  Graphical Visualisation and Animation of Haskell Object Observations
, 2001
"... ... The visualisation of program behaviour via animations of data structure observations has uses for program comprehension and exposition, in development, debugging and education. We find that the graphical structure facilitates orientation even when textual labels are no longer readable due to sca ..."
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Cited by 8 (0 self)
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... The visualisation of program behaviour via animations of data structure observations has uses for program comprehension and exposition, in development, debugging and education. We find that the graphical structure facilitates orientation even when textual labels are no longer readable due to scaling, suggesting advantages over a purely textual visualisation. A novel application area is opened by the use of GHood as an applet on web pages discussions of Haskell program behaviour, e.g., in educational online material or in explanations of functional algorithms, can now easily be augmented with graphical animations of the issues being discussed.
A Simple Implementation Technique for Priority Search Queues
 Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Functional Programming
, 2001
"... This paper presents a new implementation technique for priority search queues. This abstract data type is an amazing blend of finite maps and priority queues. Our implementation supports logarithmic access to a binding with a given key and constant access to a binding with the minimum value. Priorit ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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This paper presents a new implementation technique for priority search queues. This abstract data type is an amazing blend of finite maps and priority queues. Our implementation supports logarithmic access to a binding with a given key and constant access to a binding with the minimum value. Priority search queues can be used, for instance, to give a simple, purely functional implementation of Dijkstra's singlesource shortestpaths algorithm.
Backtracking iterators
 in "ACM SIGPLAN Workshop on ML
, 2006
"... Iterating over the elements of an abstract collection is usually done in ML using a foldlike higherorder function provided by the data structure. This article discusses a different paradigm of iteration based on purely functional, immutable cursors. Contrary to foldlike iterators, the iteration ca ..."
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Iterating over the elements of an abstract collection is usually done in ML using a foldlike higherorder function provided by the data structure. This article discusses a different paradigm of iteration based on purely functional, immutable cursors. Contrary to foldlike iterators, the iteration can be cleanly interrupted at any step. Contrary to imperative cursors (such as those found in C++ and Java libraries) it is possible to backtrack the iterator to a previous step. Several ways to iterate over binary trees are examined and close links with Gérard Huet’s Zipper are established. Incidentally, we show the wellknown twolists implementation of functional queues arising from a Zipperbased breadthfirst traversal. Categories and Subject Descriptors D.1.1 [Programming Techniques]:
Pretty Printing with Lazy Dequeues
, 2001
"... There are several Haskell libraries for converting tree structured data into indented text, but they all make use of some backtracking. Over twenty years ago Oppen published a more e#cient imperative implementation of a pretty printer without backtracking. We show that the same e#ciency is also obta ..."
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There are several Haskell libraries for converting tree structured data into indented text, but they all make use of some backtracking. Over twenty years ago Oppen published a more e#cient imperative implementation of a pretty printer without backtracking. We show that the same e#ciency is also obtainable without destructive updates by developing a similar but purely functional Haskell implementation with the same complexity bounds. At its heart lie two lazy double ended queues. 1 Pretty Printing Pretty printing is the task of converting tree structured data into text, such that the indentation of lines reflects the tree structure. Furthermore, to minimise the number of lines of the text, substructures are put on a single line as far as possible within a given linewidth limit. Here is the result of pretty printing an expression within a width of 35 characters: if True then if True then True else True else if False then False else False John Hughes [2], Simon Peyton Jones [3], Phil Wadler [7], and Pablo Azero and Doaitse Swierstra [1] have all developed pretty printing libraries for Haskell. A pretty printing library implements the functionality common to a large class of pretty printers. The layout of a subtree does not only depend on its form but also on its context, the remaining tree. A pretty printing library provides functions for compositionally defining a transformation of a tree data structure to an abstract document. Finally, such a library has one function to transform a document into the desired text. For example, Wadler's library [7] provides the following functions: 183 Chitil text :: String > Doc line :: Doc (<>) :: Doc > Doc > Doc nest :: Int > Doc > Doc group :: Doc > Doc pretty :: Int > Doc > String The function text converts a string to...
Strictification of Circular Programs ∗
"... Circular functional programs (necessarily evaluated lazily) have been used as algorithmic tools, as attribute grammar implementations, and as target for program transformation techniques. Classically, Richard Bird [1984] showed how to transform certain multitraversal programs (which could be evaluat ..."
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Circular functional programs (necessarily evaluated lazily) have been used as algorithmic tools, as attribute grammar implementations, and as target for program transformation techniques. Classically, Richard Bird [1984] showed how to transform certain multitraversal programs (which could be evaluated strictly or lazily) into onetraversal ones using circular bindings. Can we go the other way, even for programs that are not in the image of his technique? That is the question we pursue in this paper. We develop an approach that on the one hand lets us deal with typical examples corresponding to attribute grammars, but on the other hand also helps to derive new algorithms for problems not previously in reach.