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151
Synthesizing Realistic Facial Expressions from Photographs
"... We present new techniques for creating photorealistic textured 3D facial models from photographs of a human subject, and for creating smooth transitions between different facial expressions by morphing between these different models. Starting from several uncalibrated views of a human subject, we em ..."
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Cited by 238 (11 self)
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We present new techniques for creating photorealistic textured 3D facial models from photographs of a human subject, and for creating smooth transitions between different facial expressions by morphing between these different models. Starting from several uncalibrated views of a human subject, we employ a userassisted technique to recover the camera poses corresponding to the views as well as the 3D coordinates of a sparse set of chosen locations on the subject's face. A scattered data interpolation technique is then used to deform a generic face mesh to fit the particular geometry of the subject's face. Having recovered the camera poses and the facial geometry, we extract from the input images one or more texture maps for the model. This process is repeated for several facial expressions of a particular subject. To generate transitions between these facial expressions we use 3D shape morphing between the corresponding face models, while at the same time blending the corresponding tex...
Measuring praise and criticism: Inference of semantic orientation from association
 ACM Transactions on Information Systems
, 2003
"... The evaluative character of a word is called its semantic orientation. Positive semantic orientation indicates praise (e.g., “honest”, “intrepid”) and negative semantic orientation indicates criticism (e.g., “disturbing”, “superfluous”). Semantic orientation varies in both direction (positive or neg ..."
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Cited by 185 (5 self)
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The evaluative character of a word is called its semantic orientation. Positive semantic orientation indicates praise (e.g., “honest”, “intrepid”) and negative semantic orientation indicates criticism (e.g., “disturbing”, “superfluous”). Semantic orientation varies in both direction (positive or negative) and degree (mild to strong). An automated system for measuring semantic orientation would have application in text classification, text filtering, tracking opinions in online discussions, analysis of survey responses, and automated chat systems (chatbots). This article introduces a method for inferring the semantic orientation of a word from its statistical association with a set of positive and negative paradigm words. Two instances of this approach are evaluated, based on two different statistical measures of word association: pointwise mutual information (PMI) and latent semantic analysis (LSA). The method is experimentally tested with 3,596 words (including adjectives, adverbs, nouns, and verbs) that have been manually labeled positive (1,614 words) and negative (1,982 words). The method attains an accuracy of 82.8 % on the full test set, but the accuracy rises above 95 % when the algorithm is allowed to abstain from classifying mild words.
Interactive construction of 3d models from panoramic mosaics
 IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
, 1998
"... This paper presents an interactive modeling system that constructs 3D models from a collection of panoramic image mosaics. A panoramic mosaic consists of a set of images taken around the same viewpoint, and a transformation matrix associated with each input image. Our system first recovers the camer ..."
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Cited by 81 (3 self)
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This paper presents an interactive modeling system that constructs 3D models from a collection of panoramic image mosaics. A panoramic mosaic consists of a set of images taken around the same viewpoint, and a transformation matrix associated with each input image. Our system first recovers the camera pose for each mosaic from known line directions and points, and then constructs the 3D model using all available geometrical constraints. We partition constraints into soft and hard linear constraints so that the modeling process can be formulated as a linearlyconstrained leastsquares problem, which can be solved efficiently using QR factorization. The results of extracting wire frame and texturemapped 3D models from single and multiple panoramas are presented. 1
Image alignment and stitching: A tutorial
 MSRTR200492, Microsoft Research, 2004
, 2005
"... This tutorial reviews image alignment and image stitching algorithms. Image alignment algorithms can discover the correspondence relationships among images with varying degrees of overlap. They are ideally suited for applications such as video stabilization, summarization, and the creation of panora ..."
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Cited by 67 (1 self)
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This tutorial reviews image alignment and image stitching algorithms. Image alignment algorithms can discover the correspondence relationships among images with varying degrees of overlap. They are ideally suited for applications such as video stabilization, summarization, and the creation of panoramic mosaics. Image stitching algorithms take the alignment estimates produced by such registration algorithms and blend the images in a seamless manner, taking care to deal with potential problems such as blurring or ghosting caused by parallax and scene movement as well as varying image exposures. This tutorial reviews the basic motion models underlying alignment and stitching algorithms, describes effective direct (pixelbased) and featurebased alignment algorithms, and describes blending algorithms used to produce seamless mosaics. It ends with a discussion of open research problems in the area. 1
Geometrically Constrained Structure from Motion: Points on Planes
 IN EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON 3D STRUCTURE FROM MULTIPLE IMAGES OF LARGESCALE ENVIRONMENTS (SMILE
, 1998
"... Structure from motion algorithms typically do not use external geometric constraints, e.g., the coplanarity of certain points or known orientations associated with such planes, until a final postprocessing stage. In this paper, we show how such geometric constraints can be incorporated early on ..."
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Cited by 53 (4 self)
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Structure from motion algorithms typically do not use external geometric constraints, e.g., the coplanarity of certain points or known orientations associated with such planes, until a final postprocessing stage. In this paper, we show how such geometric constraints can be incorporated early on in the reconstruction process, thereby improving the quality of the estimates. The approaches we study include hallucinating extra point matches in planar regions, computing fundamental matrices directly from homographies, and applying coplanarity and other geometric constraints as part of the final bundle adjustment stage. Our experimental results indicate that the quality of the reconstruction can be significantly improved by the judicious use of geometric constraints.
Panoramic Image Mosaics
, 1997
"... This paper presents some techniques for constructing panoramic image mosaics from sequences of images. Our mosaic representation associates a transformation matrix with each input image, rather than explicitly projecting all of the images onto a common surface (e.g., a cylinder). In particular, to c ..."
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Cited by 51 (6 self)
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This paper presents some techniques for constructing panoramic image mosaics from sequences of images. Our mosaic representation associates a transformation matrix with each input image, rather than explicitly projecting all of the images onto a common surface (e.g., a cylinder). In particular, to construct a full view panorama, we introduce a rotational mosaic representation that associates a rotation matrix (and optionally a focal length) with each input image. A patchbased alignment algorithm is developed to quickly align two images given motion models. Techniques for estimating and refining camera focal lengths are also presented. In order to reduce accumulated registration errors, we apply global alignment (block adjustment) to the whole sequence of images, which results in an optimally registered image mosaic. To compensate for small amounts of motion parallax introduced by translations of the camera and other unmodeled distortions, we develop a local alignment (deghosting) tec...
Riemannian geometry of Grassmann manifolds with a view on algorithmic computation
 Acta Appl. Math
"... Abstract. We give simple formulas for the canonical metric, gradient, Lie ..."
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Cited by 50 (11 self)
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Abstract. We give simple formulas for the canonical metric, gradient, Lie
Multivariate Polynomials, Duality, and Structured Matrices
 J. of Complexity
, 1999
"... We first review the basic properties of the well known classes of Toeplitz, Hankel, Vandermonde, and other related structured matrices and reexamine their correlation to operations with univariate polynomials. Then we define some natural extensions of such classes of matrices based on their correlat ..."
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Cited by 48 (29 self)
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We first review the basic properties of the well known classes of Toeplitz, Hankel, Vandermonde, and other related structured matrices and reexamine their correlation to operations with univariate polynomials. Then we define some natural extensions of such classes of matrices based on their correlation to multivariate polynomials. We describe the correlation in terms of the associated operators of multiplication in the polynomial ring and its dual space, which allows us to generalize these structures to the multivariate case. Multivariate Toeplitz, Hankel, and Vandermonde matrices, Bezoutians, algebraic residues and relations between them are studied. Finally, we show some applications of this study to rootfinding problems for a system of multivariate polynomial equations, where the dual space, algebraic residues, Bezoutians and other structured matrices play an important role. The developed techniques enable us to obtain a better insight into the major problems of multivariate polynomial computations and to improve substantially the known techniques of the study of these problems. In particular, we simplify and/or generalize the known reduction of the multivariate polynomial systems to matrix eigenproblem, the derivation of the Bézout and Bernshtein bounds on the number of the roots, and the construction of multiplication tables. From the algorithmic and computational complexity point, we yield acceleration by one order of magnitude of the known methods for some fundamental problems of solving multivariate polynomial systems of equations.
Measuring semantic similarity by latent relational analysis
 In Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI05
, 2005
"... (LRA), a method for measuring semantic similarity. LRA measures similarity in the semantic relations between two pairs of words. When two pairs have a high degree of relational similarity, they are analogous. For example, the pair cat:meow is analogous to the pair dog:bark. There is evidence from co ..."
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Cited by 45 (4 self)
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(LRA), a method for measuring semantic similarity. LRA measures similarity in the semantic relations between two pairs of words. When two pairs have a high degree of relational similarity, they are analogous. For example, the pair cat:meow is analogous to the pair dog:bark. There is evidence from cognitive science that relational similarity is fundamental to many cognitive and linguistic tasks (e.g., analogical reasoning). In the Vector Space Model (VSM) approach to measuring relational similarity, the similarity between two pairs is calculated by the cosine of the angle between the vectors that represent the two pairs. The elements in the vectors are based on the frequencies of manually constructed patterns in a large corpus. LRA extends