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99
A Syntactic Approach to Type Soundness
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We present a new approach to proving type soundness for Hindley/Milnerstyle polymorphic type systems. The keys to our approach are (1) an adaptation of subject reduction theorems from combinatory logic to programming languages, and (2) the use of rewriting techniques for the specification of the la ..."
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Cited by 634 (25 self)
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We present a new approach to proving type soundness for Hindley/Milnerstyle polymorphic type systems. The keys to our approach are (1) an adaptation of subject reduction theorems from combinatory logic to programming languages, and (2) the use of rewriting techniques for the specification of the language semantics. The approach easily extends from polymorphic functional languages to imperative languages that provide references, exceptions, continuations, and similar features. We illustrate the technique with a type soundness theorem for the core of Standard ML, which includes the first type soundness proof for polymorphic exceptions and continuations.
Soft Typing
, 1991
"... This paper presents a soft type systems that retains the expressiveness of dynamic typing, but offers the early error detection and improved optimization capabilities of static typing. The key idea underlying soft typing is that a type checker need not reject programs containing "illtyped" ..."
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Cited by 215 (2 self)
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This paper presents a soft type systems that retains the expressiveness of dynamic typing, but offers the early error detection and improved optimization capabilities of static typing. The key idea underlying soft typing is that a type checker need not reject programs containing "illtyped" phrases. Instead, the type checker can insert explicit runtime checks, transforming "illtyped" programs into typecorrect ones.
Standard ML of New Jersey
 Third Int'l Symp. on Prog. Lang. Implementation and Logic Programming
, 1991
"... The Standard ML of New Jersey compiler has been under development for five years now. We have developed a robust and complete environment for Standard ML that supports the implementation of large software systems and generates efficient code. The compiler has also served as a laboratory for developi ..."
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Cited by 214 (14 self)
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The Standard ML of New Jersey compiler has been under development for five years now. We have developed a robust and complete environment for Standard ML that supports the implementation of large software systems and generates efficient code. The compiler has also served as a laboratory for developing novel implementation techniques for a sophisticated type and module system, continuation based code generation, efficient pattern matching, and concurrent programming features.
The Type and Effect Discipline
 Information and Computation
, 1992
"... The type and effect discipline is a new framework for reconstructing the principal type and the minimal effect of expressions in implicitly typed polymorphic functional languages that support imperative constructs. The type and effect discipline outperforms other polymorphic type systems. Just as ty ..."
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Cited by 175 (3 self)
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The type and effect discipline is a new framework for reconstructing the principal type and the minimal effect of expressions in implicitly typed polymorphic functional languages that support imperative constructs. The type and effect discipline outperforms other polymorphic type systems. Just as types abstract collections of concrete values, effects denote imperative operations on regions. Regions abstract sets of possibly aliased memory locations. Effects are used to control type generalization in the presence of imperative constructs while regions delimit observable sideeffects. The observable effects of an expression range over the regions that are free in its type environment and its type; effects related to local data structures can be discarded during type reconstruction. The type of an expression can be generalized with respect to the variables that are not free in the type environment or in the observable effect. 1 Introduction Type inference [12] is the process that automa...
Dynamic Typing in a Statically Typed Language
"... Statically typed programming languages allow earlier error checking, better enforcement of disciplined programming styles, and generation of more e cient object code than languages where all type consistency checks are performed at run time. However, even in statically typed languages, there is ofte ..."
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Cited by 174 (4 self)
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Statically typed programming languages allow earlier error checking, better enforcement of disciplined programming styles, and generation of more e cient object code than languages where all type consistency checks are performed at run time. However, even in statically typed languages, there is often the need to deal with data whose type cannot be determined at compile time. To handle such situations safely, we propose to add a type Dynamic whose values are pairs of a value v andatype tag T where v has the type denoted by T. Instances of Dynamic are built with an explicit tagging construct and inspected with a type safe typecase construct. This paper explores the syntax, operational semantics, and denotational semantics of a simple language including the type Dynamic. Wegive examples of how dynamically typed values can be used in programming. Then we discuss an operational semantics for our language and obtain a soundness theorem. We present two formulations of the denotational semantics of this language and relate them to the operational semantics. Finally,we consider the implications of polymorphism and some implementation issues.
Polymorphic Type, Region and Effect Inference
, 1991
"... We present a new static system that reconstructs the types, regions and effects of expressions in an implicitly typed functional language that supports imperative operations on reference values. Just as types structurally abstract collections of concrete values, regions represent sets of possibly a ..."
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Cited by 134 (6 self)
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We present a new static system that reconstructs the types, regions and effects of expressions in an implicitly typed functional language that supports imperative operations on reference values. Just as types structurally abstract collections of concrete values, regions represent sets of possibly aliased reference values and effects represent approximations of the imperative behavior on regions. We introduce a static semantics for inferring types, regions and effects and prove that it is consistent with respect to the dynamic semantics of the language. We present a reconstruction algorithm that computes the types and effects of expressions and assigns regions to reference values. We prove the correctness of the reconstruction algorithm with respect to the static semantics. Finally, we discuss potential applications of our system to automatic stack allocation and parallel code generation.
The Marriage of Effects and Monads
, 1998
"... this paper is to marry effects to monads, writing T for a computation that yields a value in and may have effects delimited by oe. Now we have that ( is ..."
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Cited by 120 (7 self)
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this paper is to marry effects to monads, writing T for a computation that yields a value in and may have effects delimited by oe. Now we have that ( is
Algebraic Reconstruction of Types and Effects
, 1991
"... We present the first algorithm for reconstructing the types and effects of expressions in the presence of first class procedures in a polymorphic typed language. Effects are static descriptions of the dynamic behavior of expressions. Just as a type describes what an expression computes, an effect de ..."
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Cited by 114 (6 self)
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We present the first algorithm for reconstructing the types and effects of expressions in the presence of first class procedures in a polymorphic typed language. Effects are static descriptions of the dynamic behavior of expressions. Just as a type describes what an expression computes, an effect describes how an expression computes. Types are more complicated to reconstruct in the presence of effects because the algebra of effects induces complex constraints on both effects and types. In this paper we show how to perform reconstruction in the presence of such constraints with a new algorithm called algebraic reconstruction, prove that it is sound and complete, and discuss its practical import. This research was supported by DARPA under ONR Contract N0001489J1988. 1
The Polymorphic Picalculus: Theory and Implementation
, 1995
"... We investigate whether the πcalculus is able to serve as a good foundation for the design and implementation of a stronglytyped concurrent programming language. The first half of the dissertation examines whether the πcalculus supports a simple type system which is flexible enough to provide a su ..."
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Cited by 112 (0 self)
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We investigate whether the πcalculus is able to serve as a good foundation for the design and implementation of a stronglytyped concurrent programming language. The first half of the dissertation examines whether the πcalculus supports a simple type system which is flexible enough to provide a suitable foundation for the type system of a concurrent programming language. The second half of the dissertation considers how to implement the πcalculus efficiently, starting with an abstract machine for πcalculus and finally presenting a compilation of πcalculus to C. We start the dissertation by presenting a simple, structural type system for πcalculus, and then, after proving the soundness of our type system, show how to infer principal types for πterms. This simple type system can be extended to include useful typetheoretic constructions such as recursive types and higherorder polymorphism. Higherorder polymorphism is important, since it gives us the ability to implement abstract datatypes in a typesafe manner, thereby providing a greater degree of modularity for πcalculus programs. The functional computational paradigm plays an important part in many programming languages. It is wellknown that the πcalculus can encode functional computation. We go further and show that the type structure of λterms is preserved by such encodings, in the sense that we can relate the type of a λterm to the type of its encoding in the πcalculus. This means that a πcalculus programming language can genuinely support typed functional programming as a special case. An efficient implementation of πcalculus is necessary if we wish to consider πcalculus as an operational foundation for concurrent programming. We first give a simple abstract machine for πcalculus and prove it correct. We then show how this abstract machine inspires a simple, but efficient, compilation of πcalculus to C (which now forms the basis of the Pict programming language implementation).