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72
DavenportSchinzel Sequences and Their Geometric Applications
, 1998
"... An (n; s) DavenportSchinzel sequence, for positive integers n and s, is a sequence composed of n distinct symbols with the properties that no two adjacent elements are equal, and that it does not contain, as a (possibly noncontiguous) subsequence, any alternation a \Delta \Delta \Delta b \Delta \ ..."
Abstract

Cited by 420 (116 self)
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An (n; s) DavenportSchinzel sequence, for positive integers n and s, is a sequence composed of n distinct symbols with the properties that no two adjacent elements are equal, and that it does not contain, as a (possibly noncontiguous) subsequence, any alternation a \Delta \Delta \Delta b \Delta \Delta \Delta a \Delta \Delta \Delta b \Delta \Delta \Delta of length s + 2 between two distinct symbols a and b. The close relationship between DavenportSchinzel sequences and the combinatorial structure of lower envelopes of collections of functions make the sequences very attractive because a variety of geometric problems can be formulated in terms of lower envelopes. A nearlinear bound on the maximum length of DavenportSchinzel sequences enable us to derive sharp bounds on the combinatorial structure underlying various geometric problems, which in turn yields efficient algorithms for these problems.
Discrete Geometric Shapes: Matching, Interpolation, and Approximation: A Survey
 Handbook of Computational Geometry
, 1996
"... In this survey we consider geometric techniques which have been used to measure the similarity or distance between shapes, as well as to approximate shapes, or interpolate between shapes. Shape is a modality which plays a key role in many disciplines, ranging from computer vision to molecular biolog ..."
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Cited by 129 (9 self)
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In this survey we consider geometric techniques which have been used to measure the similarity or distance between shapes, as well as to approximate shapes, or interpolate between shapes. Shape is a modality which plays a key role in many disciplines, ranging from computer vision to molecular biology. We focus on algorithmic techniques based on computational geometry that have been developed for shape matching, simplification, and morphing. 1 Introduction The matching and analysis of geometric patterns and shapes is of importance in various application areas, in particular in computer vision and pattern recognition, but also in other disciplines concerned with the form of objects such as cartography, molecular biology, and computer animation. The general situation is that we are given two objects A, B and want to know how much they resemble each other. Usually one of the objects may undergo certain transformations like translations, rotations or scalings in order to be matched with th...
Efficient algorithms for geometric optimization
 ACM Comput. Surv
, 1998
"... We review the recent progress in the design of efficient algorithms for various problems in geometric optimization. We present several techniques used to attack these problems, such as parametric searching, geometric alternatives to parametric searching, pruneandsearch techniques for linear progra ..."
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Cited by 100 (12 self)
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We review the recent progress in the design of efficient algorithms for various problems in geometric optimization. We present several techniques used to attack these problems, such as parametric searching, geometric alternatives to parametric searching, pruneandsearch techniques for linear programming and related problems, and LPtype problems and their efficient solution. We then describe a variety of applications of these and other techniques to numerous problems in geometric optimization, including facility location, proximity problems, statistical estimators and metrology, placement and intersection of polygons and polyhedra, and ray shooting and other querytype problems.
Content based retrieval of VRML objects  an iterative and interactive approach
, 2001
"... We examine the problem of searching a database of threedimensional objects (given in VRML) for objects similar to a given object. We introduce an algorithm which is both iterative and interactive. Rather than base the search solely on geometric feature similarity, we propose letting the user influe ..."
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Cited by 99 (6 self)
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We examine the problem of searching a database of threedimensional objects (given in VRML) for objects similar to a given object. We introduce an algorithm which is both iterative and interactive. Rather than base the search solely on geometric feature similarity, we propose letting the user influence future search results by marking some of the results of the current search as `relevant' or `irrelevant', thus indicating personal preferences. A novel approach, based on SVM, is used for the adaptation of the distance measure consistently with these markings, which brings the `relevant' objects closer and pushes the `irrelevant' objects farther. We show that in practice very few iterations are needed for the system to converge well on what the user "had in mind".
Shape Matching: Similarity Measures and Algorithms
, 2001
"... Shape matching is an important ingredient in shape retrieval, recognition and classification, alignment and registration, and approximation and simplification. This paper treats various aspects that are needed to solve shape matching problems: choosing the precise problem, selecting the properties o ..."
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Cited by 99 (1 self)
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Shape matching is an important ingredient in shape retrieval, recognition and classification, alignment and registration, and approximation and simplification. This paper treats various aspects that are needed to solve shape matching problems: choosing the precise problem, selecting the properties of the similarity measure that are needed for the problem, choosing the specific similarity measure, and constructing the algorithm to compute the similarity. The focus is on methods that lie close to the field of computational geometry.
Applications of parametric searching in geometric optimization
 J. Algorithms
, 1994
"... z Sivan Toledo x ..."
Bounding the VapnikChervonenkis dimension of concept classes parameterized by real numbers
 Machine Learning
, 1995
"... Abstract. The VapnikChervonenkis (VC) dimension is an important combinatorial tool in the analysis of learning problems in the PAC framework. For polynomial learnability, we seek upper bounds on the VC dimension that are polynomial in the syntactic complexity of concepts. Such upper bounds are au ..."
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Cited by 83 (1 self)
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Abstract. The VapnikChervonenkis (VC) dimension is an important combinatorial tool in the analysis of learning problems in the PAC framework. For polynomial learnability, we seek upper bounds on the VC dimension that are polynomial in the syntactic complexity of concepts. Such upper bounds are automatic for discrete concept classes, but hitherto little has been known about what general conditions guarantee polynomial bounds on VC dimension for classes in which concepts and examples are represented by tuples of real numbers. In this paper, we show that for two general kinds of concept class the VC dimension is polynomially bounded in the number of real numbers used to define a problem instance. One is classes where the criterion for membership of an instance in a concept can be expressed as a formula (in the firstorder theory of the reals) with fixed quantification depth and exponentiallybounded length, whose atomic predicates are polynomial inequalities of exponentiallybounded degree. The other is classes where containment of an instance in a concept is testable in polynomial time, assuming we may compute standard arithmetic operations on reals exactly in constant time. Our results show that in the continuous case, as in the discrete, the real barrier to efficient learning in the Occam sense is complexitytheoretic and not informationtheoretic. We present examples to show how these results apply to concept classes defined by geometrical figures and neural nets, and derive polynomial bounds on the VC dimension for these classes. Keywords: Concept learning, information theory, VapnikChervonenkis dimension, Milnor’s theorem 1.
Hellytype theorems and generalized linear programming
 DISCRETE COMPUT. GEOM
, 1994
"... This thesis establishes a connection between the Helly theorems, a collection of results from combinatorial geometry, and the class of problems which we call Generalized Linear Programming, or GLP, which can be solved by combinatorial linear programming algorithms like the simplex method. We use the ..."
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Cited by 60 (0 self)
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This thesis establishes a connection between the Helly theorems, a collection of results from combinatorial geometry, and the class of problems which we call Generalized Linear Programming, or GLP, which can be solved by combinatorial linear programming algorithms like the simplex method. We use these results to explore the class GLP and show new applications to geometric optimization, and also to prove Helly theorems. In general, a GLP is a set...
Classical Floorplanning Harmful?
"... Classical floorplanning formulations may lead researchers to solve the wrong problems. This paper points out several examples, including (i) the preoccupation with packingdriven, as opposed to connectivitydriven, problem formulations and benchmarking standards; (ii) the preoccupation with rectangu ..."
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Cited by 41 (2 self)
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Classical floorplanning formulations may lead researchers to solve the wrong problems. This paper points out several examples, including (i) the preoccupation with packingdriven, as opposed to connectivitydriven, problem formulations and benchmarking standards; (ii) the preoccupation with rectangular (and L or T shaped) block shapes; and (iii) the lack of attention to algorithm scalability, fixeddie layout requirements, and the overall RTLdown methodology context. The right problem formulations must match the purpose and context of prevailing RTLdown design methodologies, and must be neither overconstrained nor underconstrained. The right solution ingredients are those which are scalable while delivering good solution quality according to relevant metrics. We also describe new problem formulations and solution ingredients, notably a perfect rectilinear floorplanning formulation that seeks zerowhitespace, perfectly packed rectilinear floorplans in a fixeddie regime. The paper closes with a list of questions for future research.