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Generalized stationary points and an interiorpoint method for mathematical programs with equilibrium constraints
 Industrial Engineering & Management Sciences, Northwestern University
, 2005
"... Abstract. Generalized stationary points of the mathematical program with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) are studied to better describe the limit points produced by interior point methods for MPEC. A primaldual interiorpoint method is then proposed, which solves a sequence of relaxed barrier proble ..."
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Abstract. Generalized stationary points of the mathematical program with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) are studied to better describe the limit points produced by interior point methods for MPEC. A primaldual interiorpoint method is then proposed, which solves a sequence of relaxed barrier problems derived from MPEC. Global convergence results are deduced without assuming strict complementarity or the linear independence constraint qualification for MPEC (MPECLICQ). Under certain general assumptions, the algorithm can always find some point with strong or weak stationarity. In particular, it is shown that every limit point of the generated sequence is a strong stationary point of MPEC if the penalty parameter of the merit function is bounded. Otherwise, a certain point with weak stationarity can be obtained. Preliminary numerical results are reported, which include a case analyzed by Leyffer for which the penalty interiorpoint algorithm failed to find a stationary point. Key words: Global convergence, interiorpoint methods, mathematical programming with equilibrium constraints, stationary point
A robust SQP method for mathematical programs with linear complementarity constraints
 Computational Optimization and Applications
, 2003
"... Abstract. The relationship between the mathematical program with linear complementarity constraints (MPCC) and its inequality relaxation is studied. A new sequential quadratic programming (SQP) method is presented for solving the MPCC based on this relationship. A certain SQP technique is introduced ..."
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Abstract. The relationship between the mathematical program with linear complementarity constraints (MPCC) and its inequality relaxation is studied. A new sequential quadratic programming (SQP) method is presented for solving the MPCC based on this relationship. A certain SQP technique is introduced to deal with the possible infeasibility of quadratic programming subproblems. Global convergence results are derived without assuming the linear independence constraint qualification for MPEC and nondegeneracy of the complementarity constraints. Preliminary numerical results are reported. Key words: mathematical programs with equilibrium constraints, sequential quadratic programming, complementarity, constraint qualification, degeneracy
On the Global Solution of Linear Programs with Linear Complementarity Constraints
, 2007
"... This paper presents a parameterfree integerprogramming based algorithm for the global resolution of a linear program with linear complementarity constraints (LPEC). The cornerstone of the algorithm is a minimax integer program formulation that characterizes and provides certificates for the three ..."
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This paper presents a parameterfree integerprogramming based algorithm for the global resolution of a linear program with linear complementarity constraints (LPEC). The cornerstone of the algorithm is a minimax integer program formulation that characterizes and provides certificates for the three outcomes—infeasibility, unboundedness, or solvability—of an LPEC. An extreme point/ray generation scheme in the spirit of Benders decomposition is developed, from which valid inequalities in the form of satisfiability constraints are obtained. The feasibility problem of these inequalities and the carefully guided linear programming relaxations of the LPEC are the workhorse of the algorithm, which also employs a specialized procedure for the sparsification of the satifiability cuts. We establish the finite termination of the algorithm and report computational results using the algorithm for solving randomly generated LPECs of reasonable sizes. The results establish that the algorithm can handle infeasible, unbounded, and solvable LPECs effectively.
Leaderfollower equilibria for electric power and NOx allowances markets
 Computational Management Science
, 2004
"... This paper investigates the ability of the largest producer in an electricity market to manipulate both the electricity and emission allowances markets to its advantage. A Stackelberg game to analyze this situation is constructed in which the largest firm plays the role of the leader, while the medi ..."
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This paper investigates the ability of the largest producer in an electricity market to manipulate both the electricity and emission allowances markets to its advantage. A Stackelberg game to analyze this situation is constructed in which the largest firm plays the role of the leader, while the mediumsized firms are treated as Cournot followers with pricetaking fringes that behave competitively in both markets. Since there is no explicit representation of the bestreply function for each follower, this Stackelberg game is formulated as a largescale mathematical program with equilibrium constraints. The bestreply functions are implicitly represented by a set of nonlinear complementarity conditions. Analysis of the computed solution for the Pennsylvania New Jersey Maryland electricity market shows that the leader can gain substantial profits by withholding allowances and driving up NOx allowance costs for rival producers. The allowances price is higher than the corresponding price in the NashCournot case, although the electricity prices are essentially the same. 1
A note on multiobjective optimization and complementarity constraints
 PREPRINT ANL/MCSP12900905, MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE DIVISION, ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY
, 2005
"... We propose a new approach to convex nonlinear multiobjective optimization that captures the geometry of the Pareto set by generating a discrete set of Pareto points optimally. We show that the problem of finding an optimal representation of the Pareto surface can be formulated as a mathematical prog ..."
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We propose a new approach to convex nonlinear multiobjective optimization that captures the geometry of the Pareto set by generating a discrete set of Pareto points optimally. We show that the problem of finding an optimal representation of the Pareto surface can be formulated as a mathematical program with complementarity constraints. The complementarity constraints arise from modeling the set of Pareto points, and the objective maximizes some quality measure of this discrete set. We present encouraging numerical experience on a range of test problem collected from the literature.
Numerical Issues and Influences in the Design of Algebraic Modeling Languages for Optimization
"... The idea of a modeling language is to describe mathematical problems symbolically in a way that is familiar to people but that allows for processing by computer systems. In particular the concept of an algebraic modeling language, based on objective and constraint expressions in terms of decision va ..."
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The idea of a modeling language is to describe mathematical problems symbolically in a way that is familiar to people but that allows for processing by computer systems. In particular the concept of an algebraic modeling language, based on objective and constraint expressions in terms of decision variables, has proved to be valuable for a broad range of optimization and related problems. One modeling language can work with numerous solvers, each of which implements one or more optimization algorithms. The separation of model specification from solver execution is thus a key tenet of modeling language design. Nevertheless, several issues in numerical analysis that are critical to solvers are also important in implementations of modeling languages. Socalled presolve procedures, which tighten bounds with the aim of eliminating some variables and constraints, are numerical algorithms that require carefully chosen tolerances and can benefit from directed roundings. Correctly rounded binarydecimal conversion is valuable in portably conveying problem instances and in debugging. Further rounding options offer tradeoffs between accuracy, convenience, and readability in displaying
An Averaging Method for Nash Games with Shared Decision Variables ∗
, 2004
"... This short communication concerns a class of Nash games in which the participants share some of the decision variables. An averaging method is developed in order to transform these games into standard Nash games. This technique is successfully applied to solve an example multileader, singlefollower ..."
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This short communication concerns a class of Nash games in which the participants share some of the decision variables. An averaging method is developed in order to transform these games into standard Nash games. This technique is successfully applied to solve an example multileader, singlefollower game described by Pang and Fukushima. 1