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A PROOFTHEORETIC APPROACH TO MATHEMATICAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT
, 2007
"... Mathematics is an area of research that is forever growing. Definitions, theorems, axioms, and proofs are integral part of every area of mathematics. The relationships between these elements bring to light the elegant abstractions that bind even the most intricate aspects of math and science. As the ..."
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Mathematics is an area of research that is forever growing. Definitions, theorems, axioms, and proofs are integral part of every area of mathematics. The relationships between these elements bring to light the elegant abstractions that bind even the most intricate aspects of math and science. As the body of mathematics becomes larger and its relationships become richer, the organization of mathematical knowledge becomes more important and more difficult. This emerging area of research is referred to as mathematical knowledge management (MKM). The primary issues facing MKM were summarized by Buchberger, one of the organizers of the first Mathematical Knowledge Management Workshop [20]. • How do we retrieve mathematical knowledge from existing and future sources? • How do we build future mathematical knowledge bases? • How do we make the mathematical knowledge bases available to mathematicians? These questions have become particularly relevant with the growing power of and interest in automated theorem proving, using computer programs to prove
A ProofTheoretic Approach to Hierarchical Math Library Organization
, 2005
"... The relationship between theorems and lemmas in mathematical reasoning is often vague. No system exists that formalizes the structure of theorems in a mathematical library. Nevertheless, the decisions we make in creating lemmas provide an inherent hierarchical structure to the statements we prove. I ..."
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The relationship between theorems and lemmas in mathematical reasoning is often vague. No system exists that formalizes the structure of theorems in a mathematical library. Nevertheless, the decisions we make in creating lemmas provide an inherent hierarchical structure to the statements we prove. In this paper, we develop a formal system that organizes theorems based on scope. Lemmas are simply theorems with a local scope. We develop a representation of proofs that captures scope and present a set of proof rules to create and reorganize the scopes of theorems and lemmas. The representation and rules allow systems for formalized mathematics to more accurately reflect the natural structure of mathematical knowledge.
Abstract Innovations in Computational Type Theory using
"... For twenty years the Nuprl (“new pearl”) system has been used to develop software systems and formal theories of computational mathematics. It has also been used to explore and implement computational type theory (CTT) – a formal theory of computation closely related to MartinLöf’s intuitionistic ..."
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For twenty years the Nuprl (“new pearl”) system has been used to develop software systems and formal theories of computational mathematics. It has also been used to explore and implement computational type theory (CTT) – a formal theory of computation closely related to MartinLöf’s intuitionistic type theory (ITT) and to the calculus of inductive constructions (CIC) implemented in the Coq prover. This article focuses on the theory and practice underpinning our use of Nuprl for much of the last decade. We discuss innovative elements of type theory, including new type constructors such as unions and dependent intersections, our theory of classes, and our theory of event structures. We also discuss the innovative architecture of Nuprl as a distributed system and as a transactional database of formal mathematics using the notion of abstract object identifiers. The database has led to an independent project called the Formal Digital Library, FDL, now used as a repository for Nuprl results as well as selected results from HOL, MetaPRL, and PVS. We discuss Howe’s set theoretic semantics that is used to relate such disparate theories and systems as those represented by these provers. 1