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On the Emergence of Reasons in Inductive Logic
 Journal of the IGPL
, 2001
"... We apply methods of abduction derived from propositional probabilistic reasoning to predicate probabilistic reasoning, in particular inductive logic, by treating nite predicate knowledge bases as potentially in nite propositional knowledge bases. It is shown that for a range of predicate knowledg ..."
Abstract

Cited by 2 (2 self)
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We apply methods of abduction derived from propositional probabilistic reasoning to predicate probabilistic reasoning, in particular inductive logic, by treating nite predicate knowledge bases as potentially in nite propositional knowledge bases. It is shown that for a range of predicate knowledge bases (such as those typically associated with inductive reasoning) and several key propositional inference processes (in particular the Maximum Entropy Inference Process) this procedure is well de ned, and furthermore yields an explanation for the validity of the induction in terms of `reasons'. Keywords: Inductive Logic, Probabilistic Reasoning, Abduction, Maximum Entropy, Uncertain Reasoning. 1 Motivation Consider the following situation. I am sitting by a bend in a road and I start to wonder how likely it is that the next car which passes will skid on this bend. I have some knowledge which seems relevant, for example I know that if there is ice on the road then there is a good chance of a skid, and similarly if the bend is unsigned, the camber adverse, etc.. I possibly also have some knowledge of how likely it is that there is ice on the road, how likely it is that the bend is unsigned (possibly conditioned on the iciness of the road) etc.. Notice that this is generic knowledge which applies equally to any potential passing car.