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509
Complexity of Answering Queries Using Materialized Views
 In PODS
, 1998
"... We study the complexity of the problem of answering queries using materialized views. This problem has attracted a lot of attention recently because of its relevance in data integration. Previous work considered only conjunctive view definitions. We examine the consequences of allowing more expressi ..."
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Cited by 287 (5 self)
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We study the complexity of the problem of answering queries using materialized views. This problem has attracted a lot of attention recently because of its relevance in data integration. Previous work considered only conjunctive view definitions. We examine the consequences of allowing more expressive view definition languages. The languageswe consider for view definitions and user queries are: conjunctive queries with inequality, positive queries, datalog, and firstorder logic. We show that the complexity of the problem depends on whether views are assumed to store all the tuples that satisfy the view definition, or only a subset of it. Finally, we apply the results to the view consistency and view selfmaintainability problems which arise in data warehousing. 1 Introduction The notion of materialized view is essential in databases [34] and is attracting more and more attention with the popularity of data warehouses [28]. The problem of answering queries using materialized views [24...
Complexity and Expressive Power of Logic Programming
, 1997
"... This paper surveys various complexity results on different forms of logic programming. The main focus is on decidable forms of logic programming, in particular, propositional logic programming and datalog, but we also mention general logic programming with function symbols. Next to classical results ..."
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Cited by 287 (57 self)
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This paper surveys various complexity results on different forms of logic programming. The main focus is on decidable forms of logic programming, in particular, propositional logic programming and datalog, but we also mention general logic programming with function symbols. Next to classical results on plain logic programming (pure Horn clause programs), more recent results on various important extensions of logic programming are surveyed. These include logic programming with different forms of negation, disjunctive logic programming, logic programming with equality, and constraint logic programming. The complexity of the unification problem is also addressed.
Linear time solvable optimization problems on graphs of bounded cliquewidth
, 2000
"... Hierarchical decompositions of graphs are interesting for algorithmic purposes. There are several types of hierarchical decompositions. Tree decompositions are the best known ones. On graphs of treewidth at most k, i.e., that have tree decompositions of width at most k, where k is fixed, every dec ..."
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Cited by 112 (22 self)
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Hierarchical decompositions of graphs are interesting for algorithmic purposes. There are several types of hierarchical decompositions. Tree decompositions are the best known ones. On graphs of treewidth at most k, i.e., that have tree decompositions of width at most k, where k is fixed, every decision or optimization problem expressible in monadic secondorder logic has a linear algorithm. We prove that this is also the case for graphs of cliquewidth at most k, where this complexity measure is associated with hierarchical decompositions of another type, and where logical formulas are no longer allowed to use edge set quantifications. We develop applications to several classes of graphs that include cographs and are, like cographs, defined by forbidding subgraphs with “too many” induced paths with four vertices.
Automatic Structures
 IN PROC. 15TH IEEE SYMP. ON LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1999
"... We study definability and complexity issues for automatic and wautomatic structures. These are, in general, infinite structures but they can be finitely presented by a collection of automata. Moreover, they admit effective (in fact automatic) evaluation of all firstorder queries. Therefore, automa ..."
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Cited by 91 (7 self)
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We study definability and complexity issues for automatic and wautomatic structures. These are, in general, infinite structures but they can be finitely presented by a collection of automata. Moreover, they admit effective (in fact automatic) evaluation of all firstorder queries. Therefore, automatic structures provide an interesting framework for extending many algorithmic and logical methods from finite structures to infinite ones. We explain the notion of (w)automatic structures, give examples, and discuss the relationship to automatic groups. We determine the complexity of model checking and query evaluation on automatic structures for fragments of firstorder logic. Further, we study closure properties and definability issues on automatic structures and present a technique for proving that a structure is not automatic. We give modeltheoretic characterisations for automatic structures via interpretations. Finally we discuss the composition theory of automatic structures and pro...
Relational Expressive Power of Constraint Query Languages
 Journal of the ACM
, 1995
"... The expressive power of firstorder query languages with several classes of equality and inequality constraints is studied in this paper. We settle the conjecture that recursive queries such as parity test and transitive closure cannot be expressed in the relational calculus augmented with polynomia ..."
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Cited by 76 (18 self)
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The expressive power of firstorder query languages with several classes of equality and inequality constraints is studied in this paper. We settle the conjecture that recursive queries such as parity test and transitive closure cannot be expressed in the relational calculus augmented with polynomial inequality constraints over the reals. Furthermore, noting that relational queries exhibit several forms of genericity, we establish a number of collapse results of the following form: The class of generic boolean queries expressible in the relational calculus augmented with a given class of constraints coincides with the class of queries expressible in the relational calculus (with or without an order relation). We prove such results for both the natural and activedomain semantics. As a consequence, the relational calculus augmented with polynomial inequalities expresses the same classes of generic boolean queries under both the natural and activedomain semantics. In the course of proving...
Conjunctive Queries over Trees
, 2004
"... We study the complexity and expressive power of conjunctive queries over unranked labeled trees, where the tree structures are represented using "axis relations" such as "child", "descendant", and "following" (we consider a superset of the XPath axes) as well ..."
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Cited by 67 (7 self)
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We study the complexity and expressive power of conjunctive queries over unranked labeled trees, where the tree structures are represented using "axis relations" such as "child", "descendant", and "following" (we consider a superset of the XPath axes) as well as unary relations for node labels. (Cyclic) conjunctive queries over trees occur in a wide range of data management scenarios related to XML, the Web, and computational linguistics. We establish a framework for characterizing structures representing trees for which conjunctive queries can be evaluated e# ciently. Then we completely chart the tractability frontier of the problem for our axis relations, i.e., we find all subsetmaximal sets of axes for which query evaluation is in polynomial time. All polynomialtime results are obtained immediately using the proof techniques from our framework. Finally, we study the expressiveness of conjunctive queries over trees and compare it to the expressive power of fragments of XPath. We show that for each conjunctive query, there is an equivalent acyclic positive query (i.e., a set of acyclic conjunctive queries), but that in general this query is not of polynomial size.
A Formal Model for an Expressive Fragment of XSLT
, 2000
"... The extension of the XSL (eXtensible Style sheet Language) by variables and passing of data values between template rules has generated a powerful XML query language: XSLT (eXtensible Style sheet Language Transformations). An informal introduction to XSTL is given, on the bases of which a formal ..."
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Cited by 64 (17 self)
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The extension of the XSL (eXtensible Style sheet Language) by variables and passing of data values between template rules has generated a powerful XML query language: XSLT (eXtensible Style sheet Language Transformations). An informal introduction to XSTL is given, on the bases of which a formal model of a fragment of XSLT is defined. This formal model is in the spirit of tree transducers, and its semantics is defined by rewrite relations. It is shown that the expressive power of the fragment is already beyond that of most other XML query languages. Finally, important properties such as termination and closure under composition are considered.
Finite state machines for strings over infinite alphabets
 ACM TRANS. COMPUT. LOG
, 2004
"... Motivated by formal models recently proposed in the context of XML, we study automata and logics on strings over infinite alphabets. These are conservative extensions of classical automata and logics defining the regular languages on finite alphabets. Specifically, we consider register and pebble au ..."
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Cited by 62 (15 self)
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Motivated by formal models recently proposed in the context of XML, we study automata and logics on strings over infinite alphabets. These are conservative extensions of classical automata and logics defining the regular languages on finite alphabets. Specifically, we consider register and pebble automata, and extensions of firstorder logic and monadic secondorder logic. For each type of automaton we consider oneway and twoway variants, as well as deterministic, nondeterministic, and alternating control. We investigate the expressiveness and complexity of the automata, their connection to the logics, as well as standard decision problems. Some of our results answer open questions of Kaminski and Francez on register automata.