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217
Quantal Response Equilibria For Normal Form Games
 NORMAL FORM GAMES, GAMES AND ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR
, 1995
"... We investigate the use of standard statistical models for quantal choice in a game theoretic setting. Players choose strategies based on relative expected utility, and assume other players do so as well. We define a Quantal Response Equilibrium (QRE) as a fixed point of this process, and establish e ..."
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Cited by 392 (22 self)
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We investigate the use of standard statistical models for quantal choice in a game theoretic setting. Players choose strategies based on relative expected utility, and assume other players do so as well. We define a Quantal Response Equilibrium (QRE) as a fixed point of this process, and establish existence. For a logit specification of the error structure, we show that as the error goes to zero, QRE approaches a subset of Nash equilibria and also implies a unique selection from the set of Nash equilibria in generic games. We fit the model to a variety of experimental data sets by using maximum likelihood estimatation.
A Survey of Shape Analysis Techniques
 Pattern Recognition
, 1998
"... This paper provides a review of shape analysis methods. Shape analysis methods play an important role in systems for object recognition, matching, registration, and analysis. Researchin shape analysis has been motivated, in part, by studies of human visual form perception systems. ..."
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Cited by 200 (2 self)
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This paper provides a review of shape analysis methods. Shape analysis methods play an important role in systems for object recognition, matching, registration, and analysis. Researchin shape analysis has been motivated, in part, by studies of human visual form perception systems.
FreeForm Shape Design Using Triangulated Surfaces
, 1994
"... We present an approach to modeling with truly mutable yet completely controllable freeform surfaces of arbitrary topology. Surfaces may be pinned down at points and along curves, cut up and smoothly welded back together, and faired and reshaped in the large. This style of control is formulated as a ..."
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Cited by 153 (0 self)
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We present an approach to modeling with truly mutable yet completely controllable freeform surfaces of arbitrary topology. Surfaces may be pinned down at points and along curves, cut up and smoothly welded back together, and faired and reshaped in the large. This style of control is formulated as a constrained shape optimization, with minimization of squared principal curvatures yielding graceful shapes that are free of the parameterization worries accompanying many patchbased approaches. Triangulated point sets are used to approximate these smooth variational surfaces, bridging the gap between patchbased and particlebased representations. Automatic refinement, mesh smoothing, and retriangulation maintain a good computational mesh as the surface shape evolves, and give sample points and surface features much of the freedom to slide around in the surface that oriented particles enjoy. The resulting surface triangulations are constructed and maintained in real time. 1 Introduction ...
The Watershed Transform: Definitions, Algorithms and Parallelization Strategies
, 2001
"... The watershed transform is the method of choice for image segmentation in the field of mathematical morphology. We present a critical review of several definitions of the watershed transform and the associated sequential algorithms, and discuss various issues which often cause confusion in the li ..."
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Cited by 135 (3 self)
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The watershed transform is the method of choice for image segmentation in the field of mathematical morphology. We present a critical review of several definitions of the watershed transform and the associated sequential algorithms, and discuss various issues which often cause confusion in the literature. The need to distinguish between definition, algorithm specification and algorithm implementation is pointed out. Various examples are given which illustrate differences between watershed transforms based on different definitions and/or implementations. The second part of the paper surveys approaches for parallel implementation of sequential watershed algorithms.
Global Conformal Surface Parameterization
, 2003
"... We solve the problem of computing global conformal parameterizations for surfaces with nontrivial topologies. The parameterization is global in the sense that it preserves the conformality everywhere except for a few points, and has no boundary of discontinuity. We analyze the structure of the space ..."
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Cited by 112 (22 self)
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We solve the problem of computing global conformal parameterizations for surfaces with nontrivial topologies. The parameterization is global in the sense that it preserves the conformality everywhere except for a few points, and has no boundary of discontinuity. We analyze the structure of the space of all global conformal parameterizations of a given surface and find all possible solutions by constructing a basis of the underlying linear solution space. This space has a natural structure solely determined by the surface geometry, so our computing result is independent of connectivity, insensitive to resolution, and independent of the algorithms to discover it. Our algorithm is based on the properties of gradient fields of conformal maps, which are closedness, harmonity, conjugacy, duality and symmetry. These properties can be formulated by sparse linear systems, so the method is easy to implement and the entire process is automatic. We also introduce a novel topological modification method to improve the uniformity of the parameterization. Based on the global conformal parameterization of a surface, we can construct a conformal atlas and use it to build conformal geometry images which have very accurate reconstructed normals.
Complementarity and Nondegeneracy in Semidefinite Programming
, 1995
"... Primal and dual nondegeneracy conditions are defined for semidefinite programming. Given the existence of primal and dual solutions, it is shown that primal nondegeneracy implies a unique dual solution and that dual nondegeneracy implies a unique primal solution. The converses hold if strict complem ..."
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Cited by 103 (9 self)
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Primal and dual nondegeneracy conditions are defined for semidefinite programming. Given the existence of primal and dual solutions, it is shown that primal nondegeneracy implies a unique dual solution and that dual nondegeneracy implies a unique primal solution. The converses hold if strict complementarity is assumed. Primal and dual nondegeneracy assumptions do not imply strict complementarity, as they do in LP. The primal and dual nondegeneracy assumptions imply a range of possible ranks for primal and dual solutions X and Z. This is in contrast with LP where nondegeneracy assumptions exactly determine the number of variables which are zero. It is shown that primal and dual nondegeneracy and strict complementarity all hold generically. Numerical experiments suggest probability distributions for the ranks of X and Z which are consistent with the nondegeneracy conditions.
Computing Minimum Length Paths of a Given Homotopy Class
 Comput. Geom. Theory Appl
, 1991
"... In this paper, we show that the universal covering space of a surface can be used to unify previous results on computing paths in a simple polygon. We optimize a given path among obstacles in the plane under the Euclidean and link metrics and under polygonal convex distance functions. Besides reveal ..."
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Cited by 74 (7 self)
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In this paper, we show that the universal covering space of a surface can be used to unify previous results on computing paths in a simple polygon. We optimize a given path among obstacles in the plane under the Euclidean and link metrics and under polygonal convex distance functions. Besides revealing connections between the minimum paths under these three distance functions, the framework provided by the universal cover leads to simplified lineartime algorithms for shortest path trees, for minimumlink paths in simple polygons, and for paths restricted to c given orientations. 1 Introduction If a wire, a pipe, or a robot must traverse a path among obstacles in the plane, then one might ask what is the best route to take. For the wire, perhaps the shortest distance is best; for the pipe, perhaps the fewest straightline segments. For the robot, either might be best depending on the relative costs of turning and moving. In this paper, we find shortest paths and shortest closed curve...
Mesh segmentation  a comparative study
 in SMA
, 2006
"... Mesh segmentation has become an important component in many applications in computer graphics. In the last several years, many algorithms have been proposed in this growing area, offering a diversity of methods and various evaluation criteria. This paper provides a comparative study of some of the l ..."
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Cited by 73 (5 self)
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Mesh segmentation has become an important component in many applications in computer graphics. In the last several years, many algorithms have been proposed in this growing area, offering a diversity of methods and various evaluation criteria. This paper provides a comparative study of some of the latest algorithms and results, along several axes. We evaluate only algorithms whose code is available to us, and thus it is not a comprehensive study. Yet, it sheds some light on the vital properties of the methods and on the challenges that future algorithms should face. 1
Prevalence: A translationinvariant ‘almost every’ on infinitedimensional spaces
 Bulletin of the Amer. Math. Soc
"... Abstract. We present a measuretheoretic condition for a property to hold “almost everywhere ” on an infinitedimensional vector space, with particular emphasis on function spaces such as C k and L p. Like the concept of “Lebesgue almost every ” on finitedimensional spaces, our notion of “prevalenc ..."
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Cited by 62 (3 self)
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Abstract. We present a measuretheoretic condition for a property to hold “almost everywhere ” on an infinitedimensional vector space, with particular emphasis on function spaces such as C k and L p. Like the concept of “Lebesgue almost every ” on finitedimensional spaces, our notion of “prevalence ” is translation invariant. Instead of using a specific measure on the entire space, we define prevalence in terms of the class of all probability measures with compact support. Prevalence is a more appropriate condition than the topological concepts of “open and dense ” or “generic ” when one desires a probabilistic result on the likelihood of a given property on a function space. We give several examples of properties which hold “almost everywhere ” in the sense of prevalence. For instance, we prove that almost every C 1 map on R n has the property that all of its periodic orbits are hyperbolic. 1.