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17
A Roadmap to Metacomputation by Supercompilation
, 1996
"... This paper gives a gentle introduction to Turchin's supercompilation and its applications in metacomputation with an emphasis on recent developments. First, a complete supercompiler, including positive driving and generalization, is defined for a functional language and illustrated with examples. Th ..."
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Cited by 33 (4 self)
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This paper gives a gentle introduction to Turchin's supercompilation and its applications in metacomputation with an emphasis on recent developments. First, a complete supercompiler, including positive driving and generalization, is defined for a functional language and illustrated with examples. Then a taxonomy of related transformers is given and compared to the supercompiler. Finally, we put supercompilation into the larger perspective of metacomputation and consider three metacomputation tasks: specialization, composition, and inversion.
The Universal Resolving Algorithm: Inverse Computation in a Functional Language
 in Mathematics of Program Construction. Proceedings
, 2000
"... We present an algorithm for inverse computation in a firstorder functional language based on the notion of a perfect process tree. The Universal Resolving Algorithm (URA) introduced in this paper is sound and complete, and computes each solution, if it exists, in finite time. The algorithm has been ..."
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Cited by 22 (3 self)
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We present an algorithm for inverse computation in a firstorder functional language based on the notion of a perfect process tree. The Universal Resolving Algorithm (URA) introduced in this paper is sound and complete, and computes each solution, if it exists, in finite time. The algorithm has been implemented for TSG, a typed dialect of SGraph, and shows some remarkable results for the inverse computation of functional programs such as pattern matching and the inverse interpretation of Whileprograms.
NREVERSAL of Fortune  The Thermodynamics of Garbage Collection
 In ACM Sigplan Notices
, 1977
"... The need to reverse a computation arises in many contextsdebugging, editor undoing, optimistic concurrency undoing, speculative computation undoing, trace scheduling, exception handling undoing, database recovery, optimistic discrete event simulations, subjunctive computing, etc. The need to anal ..."
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Cited by 14 (0 self)
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The need to reverse a computation arises in many contextsdebugging, editor undoing, optimistic concurrency undoing, speculative computation undoing, trace scheduling, exception handling undoing, database recovery, optimistic discrete event simulations, subjunctive computing, etc. The need to analyze a reversed computation arises in the context of static analysisliveness analysis, strictness analysis, type inference, etc. Traditional means for restoring a computation to a previous state involve checkpoints; checkpoints require time to copy, as well as space to store, the copied material. Traditional reverse abstract interpretation produces relatively poor information due to its inability to guess the previous values of assignedto variables. We propose an abstract computer model and a programming languageYLispwhose primitive operations are injective and hence reversible, thus allowing arbitrary undoing without the overheads of checkpointing. Such a computer can be built from reversible conservative logic circuits, with the serendipitous advantage of dissipating far less heat than traditional Boolean AND/OR/NOT circuits. Unlike functional languages, which have one "state " for all times, YLisp has at all times one "state", with unique predecessor and successor states. Compiling into a reversible pseudocode can have benefits even when targeting a traditional computer. Certain optimizations, e.g., updateinplace, and compiletime garbage collection may be more easily performed, because the
Running Programs Backwards: the Logical Inversion of Imperative
, 2003
"... Imperative programs can be inverted directly from their forwarddirected program code with the use of logical inference. The relational semantics of imperative computations treats programs as logical relations over the observable state of the environment, which is taken to be the state of the variab ..."
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Cited by 13 (0 self)
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Imperative programs can be inverted directly from their forwarddirected program code with the use of logical inference. The relational semantics of imperative computations treats programs as logical relations over the observable state of the environment, which is taken to be the state of the variables in memory. Program relations denote both forward and backward computations, and the direction of the computation depends upon the instantiation pattern of arguments in the relation. This view of inversion has practical applications when the relational semantics is treated as a logic program. Depending on the logic programming inference scheme used, execution of this relational program can compute the inverse of the imperative program. A number of nontrivial imperative computations can be inverted with minimal logic programming tools.
Principles of Inverse Computation and the Universal Resolving Algorithm
 IN THE ESSENCE OF COMPUTATION: COMPLEXITY, ANALYSIS, TRANSFORMATION
, 2002
"... We survey fundamental concept in inverse programming and present the Universal Resolving Algorithm (URA), an algorithm for inverse computation in a firstorder, functional programming language. We discusst he principles behind the algorithm, including a threestep approach based on the notion of a p ..."
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Cited by 13 (2 self)
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We survey fundamental concept in inverse programming and present the Universal Resolving Algorithm (URA), an algorithm for inverse computation in a firstorder, functional programming language. We discusst he principles behind the algorithm, including a threestep approach based on the notion of a perfect process tree, and demonstrate our implementation with several examples. We explaint he idea of a semantics modifier for inverse computation which allows us to perform inverse computation in other programming languages via interpreters.
Partial inversion of constructor term rewriting systems
 In Proc. of the 16th Int’l Conf. on Term Rewriting and Applications (RTA 2005
, 2005
"... Abstract. Partialinversion compilers generate programs which compute some unknown inputs of given programs from a given output and the rest of inputs whose values are already given. In this paper, we propose a partialinversion compiler of constructor term rewriting systems. The compiler automatica ..."
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Cited by 11 (3 self)
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Abstract. Partialinversion compilers generate programs which compute some unknown inputs of given programs from a given output and the rest of inputs whose values are already given. In this paper, we propose a partialinversion compiler of constructor term rewriting systems. The compiler automatically generates a conditional term rewriting system, and then unravels it to an unconditional system. To improve the efficiency of inverse computation, we show that innermost strategy is usable to obtain all solutions if the generated system is rightlinear. 1
Metacomputation as a Tool for Formal Linguistic Modeling
 Cybernetics and Systems '94
, 1994
"... We consider the principle "a new model is a model of an existing one" as the main scheme for deriving new linguistic models by metacomputation. We derive the basic requirements for metacomputation by a structural analysis of different model definitions, and show that in order to automate the creatio ..."
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Cited by 6 (5 self)
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We consider the principle "a new model is a model of an existing one" as the main scheme for deriving new linguistic models by metacomputation. We derive the basic requirements for metacomputation by a structural analysis of different model definitions, and show that in order to automate the creation of linguistic models the following operations on linguistic models have to be performed by metacomputation effectively and efficiently: composition, inversion, and specialization of algorithms. This may also serve as a unifying paradigm for different program transformation approaches. 1. INTRODUCTION During the last decades we have witnessed tremendous technological breakthroughs in the development and application of computers. The introduction of the computer was an evolutionary step in the control of formal linguistic models, a metasystem transition (MST). As a result the number of linguistic models created and used has significantly increased. The method of modern science is, in its e...
Semantics Modifiers: An Approach To NonStandard Semantics Of Programming Languages
 Third Fuji International Symposium on Functional and Logic Programming
, 1998
"... this paper, semantics modifiers exist for a wide class of computational problems, including nonstandard computation, program analysis and ..."
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Cited by 5 (3 self)
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this paper, semantics modifiers exist for a wide class of computational problems, including nonstandard computation, program analysis and
From Standard To NonStandard Semantics By Semantics Modifiers
, 2001
"... An approach for systematically modifying the semantics of programming languages by semantics modifiers is described. Semantics modifiers are a class of programs that allow the development of general and reusable "semantics components". Language independence is achieved through the interpretive ap ..."
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Cited by 3 (3 self)
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An approach for systematically modifying the semantics of programming languages by semantics modifiers is described. Semantics modifiers are a class of programs that allow the development of general and reusable "semantics components". Language independence is achieved through the interpretive approach: an interpreter serves as a mediator between the new language and the language for which the nonstandard semantics was implemented. Inverse computation, equivalence transformation and neighborhood analysis are shown to be semantics modifiers. Experiments with these modifiers show the computational feasibility of this approach. Seven modifier projections are given which allow the e#cient implementation of nonstandard interpreters and nonstandard compilers by program specialization or other powerful program transformation methods.